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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Ta'anis 10


(a) What does the Tana of the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Mishlei "Ad Lo Asah *Eretz ve'Chutzos*?

(b) Besides the fact that Eretz Yisrael receives its rain directly from Hashem, and the rest of the world through a Sh'li'ach, what other two advantages does Eretz Yisrael have over all the other countries?

(c) To what do we compare these three things (see Agados Maharsha)?

(a) How does Rebbi Yochanan learn from a combination of the two Pesukim "Cheshchas Mayim" (Tehilim) and "Chashras Mayim" (Shmuel) that (according to Rebbi Eliezer) the water becomes sweet in the clouds?

(b) And how does *Rebbi Yehoshua* explain the two Pesukim (see Agados Maharsha)?

(c) The Beraisa, which explains that the waters of the heaven are held there by the word of Hashem, and that the Pasuk in Tehilim "mi'P'ri Ma'asecha Tisba ha'Aretz" refers to the rain that emanates from them, goes like Rebbi Yehoshua.
How does Rebbi Eliezer explain that Pasuk?

(d) According to Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi, the entire world is watered from the remains of the water of Gan Eden.
What does the Beraisa mean when it says 'mi'Tamtzis Beis Kur Shisah Tarkav'? How much is 'Tarkav'?

(a) What is the area of Egypt?

(b) The Tana gives it as one sixtieth of Kush (Ethiopia).
Of what is ...

  1. ... Kush one sixtieth?
  2. ... the world one sixtieth?
  3. ... the 'Garden' of one sixtieth?
  4. ... Eden one sixtieth?
(c) How is the entire world, compared to Gehinom?

(d) Some say that Gehinom has no Shiur.
What do others say?

(a) Why is there an abundance of corn in the storehouses of Bavel?

(b) What makes Bavel a 'rich' country?

(c) Which is preferable, insufficient rain or too much rain?

(a) Why does Raban Gamliel give the date for asking for rain as the seventh of Mar-Cheshvan?

(b) According to Chananyah in a Beraisa, when do the B'nei Golah ask for rain? Why is that?

(c) How do we reconcile Shmuel, who rules like Chananyah, with his own statement that gives the date for asking for rain in Bavel as from the time that one brings fire-wood into the store-house (in preparation for winter)?

(a) Rav says that the sixtieth day is like after the sixtieth day.
What does he mean by that?

(b) What does Shmuel say?

(c) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak gave a Si'man by which to remember who said what: 'The upper ones *need* water, the lower ones do *not*'.
What did he mean?

(d) What is the Halachah?

(a) If no rain had fallen by the seventeenth of Mar-Cheshvan (according to Rebbi Meir), the Talmidei-Chachamim would begin fasting. How many fasts would they initiate? On which days were those fasts held?

(b) When did each fast begin?

(c) Did the prohibitions of Tish'ah be'Av (washing, anointing, wearing shoes and marital relations) apply to them?

(d) What happened if no rain had fallen by Rosh Chodesh Kislev?

(a) The Mishnah later will teach us that a series of fasts cannot begin on Thursday.
Why not?

(b) Why does the Tana need to tell us the same thing in the case of the fasts of the 'Yechidim' in our Mishnah?

(c) What happens if Rosh Chodesh or any of the Yamim-Tovim mentioned in Megilas Ta'anis occurred during the fasts of which we are speaking?

Answers to questions



(a) What is the difference between a Yachid and a Talmid?

(b) What does this Beraisa say about a Talmid abstaining from fasting together with the Yechidim, on the grounds that he is not worthy of joining their ranks?

(c) This Beraisa follows the opinion of Rebbi Yossi (and Raban Shimon ben Gamliel) in other Beraisasos.
What do Rebbi Meir (and Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar) say there?

(a) If someone is fasting on account of a particular problem or for a sick person, and the problem passes, or the sick person gets better (or dies), is he then absolved from continuing with his fast?

(b) If someone goes from a place where they have ...

  1. ... *not* undertaken to fast to a place where they *have*, is he obligated to fast with them?
  2. ... *undertaken* to fast to a place where they have *not* in the middle of the fast, must he continue fasting?
(c) If he forgot and began to eat, he is nevertheless forbidden to eat in front of the residents of that town.
What other restriction applies to him?

(d) From whom do we learn the former?

(a) What did Yosef mean when he instructed his brothers (who were on their way back to their father - in Parshas Vayigash) "Al Tirgezu ba'Darech"?

(b) Why did the fire that descended to divide between Eliyahu and Elisha not burn them?

(c) How do we reconcile this with Yosef's instructions to his brothers?

(a) The Beraisa interprets the Pasuk "Al Tirgezu ba'Darech" differently. Why should one not ...
  1. ... take large footsteps?
  2. ... leave town before sunrise or arrive at one's destination after sunset?
(b) There are two possible reasons why a traveler should not eat more than he would in a time of famine; *one* of them is because food, combined with the extensive walking, will cause him stomach trouble.
What is the *other*?

(c) *One* difference between the reasons is a traveler in a boat (who is not walking extensively).
What is the other?

(d) On what basis did Rav Papa used to eat a loaf of bread after every Parsah (four Mil - seventy-two minutes walking distance) that he traveled? With which of the two reasons did he agree?

Answers to questions

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