POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by R. Nosson Slifkin
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafTa'anis 30
TA'ANIS 27, 28, 29, 30 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael
1) EATING ON EREV TISHAH B'AV
(a) The Mishnah said that on Erev Tishah b'Av, a person may not eat
two cooked foods, eat meat or drink wine.
2) RESTRICTIONS OF TISHAH B'AV
(b) (R. Yehudah) This only refers to after midday, and to the final
(c) Both are intended to work in conjunction leniently - it only
applies to the final meal, and only if it is after midday.
(d) There is a Beraisa in accordance with the second statement:
1. A person may consume meat and wine on Erev Tishah b'Av only
if he is due to eat another meal.
(e) There is a Beraisa in accordance with the first statement:
1. On Erev Tishah b'Av, a person may not eat two cooked foods,
eat meat or drink wine.
(f) (Beraisa) (R. Meir) On Erev Tishah b'Av, a person may not eat two
cooked foods, eat meat or drink wine.
2. (R. Shimon b. Gamliel) He should change his custom.
3. (R. Yehudah) This means that if he is used to eating two
cooked foods, he should only eat one;
i. If he is used to dining with ten people, he should dine
ii. If he is used to drinking ten cups, he should drink
iii. This only refers to after midday, but before midday,
everything is allowed.
1. (Chachamim) He should change his custom, and decrease his
consumption of meat and wine by half, and have none if he
usually has none.
(g) (Beraisa) For the Seudas ha'Mafsekes of Tishah b'Av, one may not
eat meat, drink wine, or wash.
2. (R. Shimon b. Gamliel) If he is used to having radishes or
salted fish or meat as dessert, he may do so.
1. For Seudos preceding other fasts, or earlier on Erev Tishah
b'Av, one may eat meat and drink wine, but one may not wash.
(h) (R. Yishmael citing his father R. Yosi) Whenever it is permitted
to eat meat and drink wine, it is permitted to wash.
(a) (Beraisa) All laws that apply to a mourner apply to Tishah b'Av:
1. Aside from eating and drinking, it is forbidden to wash,
annoint oneself, wear leather shoes, engage in marital
relations, read from Tenach, learn Mishnah, Talmud, Midrash,
Halachos, and Agados (as Torah gladdens the heart).
(b) (Beraisa) A mourner may eat salted meat and drink new wine from
2. (Tana Kama) One is permitted to study topics with which one
i. One is also permitted to read Kinnos, Iyov, and the sad
parts of Yirmiyah.
3. (R. Yehudah) One is *not* permitted to study topics with
which one is unfamiliar.
ii. Children are still required to study.
i. One is permitted to read Kinnos, Iyov, and the sad
parts of Yirmiyah.
ii. Children do *not* study.
1. The meat must have been salted for three days, like the
(c) On Erev Tishah b'Av, R. Yehudah would have dry bread with salt,
sit on the floor between the oven and the stove, eat and drink
from a jar of water, and he looked as though a deceased relative
was lying in front of him.
2. Wine is considered new from the vat while it is bubbling.
i. (Beraisa) Wine that is bubbling is not forbidden if
left uncovered (snakes won't drink it); it bubbles for
3) CONDUCT ON TISHAH B'AV
(a) (Mishnah) It is permitted to work on Tishah b'Av only if such is
the local custom.
4) OVERTURNING THE BED
(b) A Talmid Chacham may never work on Tishah b'Av.
(c) (R. Shimon b. Gamliel) Everyone should act as a Talmid-Chacham in
1. Also, everyone should act as a Talmid Chachahm with regard
to fasting the first fasts for rainfall (see 10b).
(d) (Beraisa) (R. Shimon b. Gamliel) If someone eats and drinks on
Tishah b'Av, it is as though they did so on Yom Kipur.
(e) (R. Akiva) Someone who works on Tishah b'Av will never see a sign
of blessing from it.
(f) (Chachamim) Someone who works on Tishah b'Av and does not mourn
for Yerushalayim will not live to see its rejoicing.
1. Only someone who mourns for Yerushalayim merits to see its
(g) Someone who eats meat and drinks wine on Tishah b'Av is referred
to by the Pasuk about sin being on the person's bones.
(a) The Mishnah quoted R. Yehudah that a person should overturn his
bed, and the Chachamim disagreed.
5) THE SIX EVENTS OF TU B'AV
(b) When R. Yehudah was asked what pregnant and nursing mothers
should do, he replied that he only intended those who are able to
sleep on the floor.
(c) (Beraisa) R. Yehudah agreed to the Chachamim for a person who
cannot sleep on the floor, and they agreed to him for a person
1. They differed only with regard to overturning other beds
that are not used for sleeping.
(d) (Rava) The Halachah follows the Chachamaim and there was no such
agreement with R. Yehudah.
(a) The rejoicement of Yom Kipur is due to it being the day of
forgiveness and the day that the Luchos were given.
(b) Question: Why was the fifteenth of Av a festival?
(c) (R. Yehudah citing Shmuel) It is the day on which the tribes were
permitted to intermarry.
1. We see this from the Bnos Tzelafchad, where the prohibition
only applied to that generation.
(d) (R. Yosef citing R. Nachman) It is the day on which the tribe of
Binyamin was permitted to intermarry with the other tribes.
1. The ban, due to the episode of the concubine at Givah, only
applied to that generation.
(e) (Rabah bar bar Chanah citing R. Yochanan) It is the day on which
they realized that the decree of those destined to die in the
desert had ended.
1. Only then did Hashem continue to speak to Moshe.
(f) (Ulla) It is the day on which Hoshea ben Eilah removed the guards
that Yeravam had set up to prevent people going to Yerushalayim
for Yom Tov.