POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by R. Nosson Slifkin
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafTa'anis 24
1) THE HARSHNESS OF R. YOSI OF YUKRAS
(a) R. Yosi bar Avin left R. Yosi of Yukras for R. Ashi.
2) THE CHARITABLE ELAZAR OF BIRTA
(b) One day R. Yosi heard R. Ashi citing Shmuel that one who
takes a fish from the sea on Shabbos has transgressed as
soon as an area of its skin the size of a Sela has dried.
(c) R. Yosi said that he should note that it is only if this
area is between its fins.
(d) R. Ashi replied that that is the opinion of R. Yosi bar
(e) R. Yosi bar Avin replied that he was that man.
(f) R. Ashi asked why he had left R. Yosi of Yukras, and he
replied that someone who did not pity his son and
daughter would not pity him.
1. The incident with his son was that when he was delayed
from bringing food to his workers, his son prayed
that the tree should produce figs for them.
(g) When he hired out his donkey, it would return by itself
with the exact rental on its back. If the hirer put on
too much or too little, it refused to go.
2. When his father, who had been delayed for a mitzvah,
arrived, he said that since he caused the tree to
give fruit in the wrong time, he should die before
3. The incident with his daughter was that he caught
someone staring at her beauty.
4. He said that she should die rather than cause others
1. Once the hirer left a pair of shoes on its back, and
it wouldn't move until he removed them.
(a) The charity-collectors would hide from Elazar of Birta as
he would give them everything he had.
3) THINGS THAT MERIT RAIN
(b) Once when he went to buy his daughter's wedding dress he
noticed them and forced them to tell him what they were
(c) When they said that it was for orphans, he said that they
(d) He gave them all his money except one Zuz, with which he
(e) When his wife looked in their grain store, she saw that
it was bursting with wheat.
(f) When his daughter told him of the miracle, he said that
it was all Hekdesh, and they were entitled to no more
than a pauper would be.
(a) R. Yehudah the Nasi decreed a fast when there was no
rain, but his prayers were not answered.
1. He bemoaned that he was so much less than Shmuel
haRamasi who was successful at this.
(b) The Nasi once decreed a fast and only told R. Yochanan
and Resh Lakish on that morning.
2. He was disheartened, and then rain fell (because of
1. Resh Lakish was worried that they had not accepted it
in advance, but R. Yochanan said that since the Nasi
had decreed it, that wasn't necessary.
(c) The Nasi once decreed a fast, but no rain fell.
1. Oshiya the Younger noted that the Jewish people are
like a bride; if her eyes (i.e. the leaders) are in
bad shape, her whole body needs checking.
(d) Rebbi decreed a fast and was not answered, but the rain
fell when Ilfa said so.
2. The Nasi's servants began to throttle him.
3. The townsfolk told them to leave him alone; he
bothered them, too, but they ignored him, as he
acted for the sake of Heaven.
1. His merit was that he made Kiddush and Havdalah for a
town that couldn't afford wine.
(e) Rav decreed a fast and was not answered, but the rain
fell when the Shaliach Tzibur said so.
1. His merit was that he was a schoolteacher who would
teach poor children together with wealthy ones, not
taking money if they couldn't afford it.
(f) R. Nachman decreed a fast but no rain fell. He said that
he should be thrown off a wall, and was disheartened, and
2. He would also bribe reluctant students into learning
with fish from his pond.
(g) Rabah decreed a fast but was not answered.
1. The people challenged him that R. Yehudah was
successful at it.
2. He replied that if it was due to study, his generation
was superior, as they studied all six Sedarim and
not just Nezikin.
4) MAKING USE OF MIRACLES
3. Furthermore, R. Yehudah considered sections of Uktzin
to be as difficult as the questions of Rav and
Shmuel, whereas Rabah's group had studied it
(h) R. Yehudah saw two people throwing bread, concluded that
there was abundance, and caused an Ayin Hara which
4. Yet nevertheless, R. Yehudah could take off his shoe
and rain would fall, whereas Rabah could pray all
5. He concluded that it was because the generation was
1. His Shamash was told to persuade him to visit the
market and see the famine.
2. When he saw people crowding for food, he told his
Shamash to remove his shoes to prepare to pray for
3. As soon as he took off one shoe, rain fell.
4. When he came to take off the other shoe, Eliyahu told
him that Hashem would destroy the world if he did
(a) Rav Mari saw Malachim in the guise of sailors filling
their boat with sand, which turned into flour.
5) THINGS THAT BRING ON RAIN
1. When people thronged to buy it, he told them not to,
as it was the work of miracles.
(b) Rava decreed a fast in Hegronia, but no rain fell, so he
extended it overnight.
2. The next day, a boat of grain arrived.
1. The next day he asked if anyone had had a dream; one
person did have a dream which was a greeting from
(c) A man, sentenced to lashes in Rava's court for having
relations with a non-Jew, died in the process.
2. Rava interpreted this to mean that it was a fortuitous
time to pray, and he was answered.
1. Shavur Malka wanted to punish Rava, but his mother
Ifra Hurmiz warned him not to mess with the Jews as
Hashem grants their wishes, such as when they
2. He challenged them to produce rain in the height of
3. Rava prayed, but no rain came. He pleaded that Hashem
should perform miracles as he did for their
ancestors, and rain fell in torrents.
4. Rava's father appeared to him in a dream and told him
that he was in trouble for having bothered Hashem,
and he should sleep elsewhere.
5. The next day he found his bed scratched by knives.
(a) R. Papa decreed a fast, but no rain came.
1. Feeling faint, he ate some porridge before praying
again, and still no rain came.
(b) R. Chanina b. Dosa was walking along when rain fell.
2. R. Nachman teased him that he should eat some more
porridge; he was embarrassed, and rain fell.
1. He said, "Everyone is benefiting, and I am in
distress!?" and the rain stopped.
2. Arriving home, he said, "Everyone is in distress, and
I am benefiting!?" and the rain continued.
3. (R. Yosef) Compared to his prayers, those of the Kohen
Gadol are worthless:
i. (Mishnah) The Kohen would pray that if the year
is hot, it should be wet, and Hashem should
ignore the prayer of travelers that it
ii. The prayer would conclude that the rulership
should not depart from Beis Yehudah, and that
Yisrael should not need to rely on each other