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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sukah 56

SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.


(a) Why does ...
  1. ... Sukah precede 'Z'man', according to Rav?
  2. ... 'Z'man precede Sukah, according to Rabah bar bar Chanah?
(b) Why, according to ...
  1. ... Beis Shamai, does Kidush precede 'Borei P'ri ha'Gafen'?
  2. ... Beis Hillel, does 'Borei P'ri ha'Gafen' precede Kidush?
(c) What makes us initially contend that Rav holds like Beis Shamai, and Rabah bar bar Chanah, like Beis Hillel?

(d) Why is it in fact possible, for ...

  1. ... Rav to hold like Beis Hillel?
  2. ... Rabah bar bar Chanah to hold like Beis Shamai?
(a) What is now the Kashya on Rav from our Mishnah, where, by the distribion of the loaves, they would say to the Kohanim 'Heilech Matzah, Heilech Chametz'?

(b) How does Rav answer the Kashya? Like whom does he hold?

3) The Tana of our Mishnah states that the group whose turn it was to serve in the Beis Hamikdash brought 'Temidim, Nedarim and Nedavos, and the other Korbenos Tzibur, and they brought everything'.
What does he mean to include with ...
  1. ... 'the other Korbenos Tzibur'?
  2. ... 'and they brought everything'?
(a) Why did all the Kohanim receive an equal portion of Lechem ha'Panim when the first day of Yom-Tov fell immediately after Shabbos, (on Sunday), or when Shabbos fell immediately after the eighth day?

(b) When the first day of Yom-Tov fell on Monday, how was the Lechem ha'Panim distributed among the Kohanim who had served during the previous week and those Kohanim who arrived early (already before Shabbos), or when the eighth day fell on Thursday, and some Kohanim remained behind over Shabbos?

(c) How were the Lechem ha'Panim distributed on a regular Shabbos, between the incoming and the outgoing groups ...

  1. ... according to the Tana Kama?
  2. ... according to Rebbi Yehudah?
(a) What indication do we have that the incoming group was more important than the outgoing one?

(b) What made the North of the Azarah more important than the south?

(c) Bilgah always distributed their portion of Lechem ha'Panim in the south. Which other two penalties did Chazal impose on them?

6) Why can 'Yom-Tov ha'Samuch le'Shabbos *Bein mi'Lefaneha, Bein mi'Le'achareha*' not be understand literally?

Answers to questions



(a) Why, according to Rebbi Yehudah, did the incoming group of Kohanim receive two extra loaves of the Lechem ha'Panim?

(b) Why can the outgoing group of Kohanim not point out to the incoming group that it is will be to their advantage to divide the Lechem ha'Panim equally, so that, on the following week (when they will be the *outgoing* group), they will be able to receive *six* loaves instead of only *five*?

(c) According to Rav Yehudah's contention, how was the *Musaf* distributed among the two groups of Kohanim serving in the Beis Hamikdash that Shabbos?

(a) On a regular Shabbos, which group of Kohanim would bring the ...
  1. ... Tamid shel Shachar and the Musaf?
  2. ... Tamid shel Bein ha'Arbayim?
(b) If the Musaf was divided among the two groups of Kohanim (like Rav Yehudah contends), why does this Tana not say so?

(c) Seeing as it was the outgoing group who brought the Musaf, how could the incoming group partake of it?

(d) Why does the Gemara not ask from our Mishnah (like it asked from the Beraisa), which mentions the division of the Lechem ha'Panim, but not of the Musaf?

(a) The Tana of the Beraisa de'Bei Shmuel repeats the Halachos that we just learned.
What does he add with regard to the arranging of the Lechem ha'Panim? How many Kohanim were involved?

(b) What was done with the two bowls of frankincense? What major role did they play?

(c) The Beraisa ends with the words 've'Cholkin be'Lechem ha'Panim'. How is this a conclusive disproof to Rav Yehudah, who maintains that the Musaf was divided among the two groups of Kohanim?

(a) Chazal penalized the entire group of Bilgah, because of what Miriam bas Bilgah did.
What did she do ...
  1. ... *before* the Greeks entered the Heichal?
  2. ... *after* the Greeks entered the Heichal?
(b) What was Chazal's alternative reason for penalizing Bilgah?

(c) Who was Yesheivav? What did they do when Bilgah arrived late?

(d) What was unusual about the fact that, after they penalized Bilgah, Yesheivav was given the right to distribute the Lechem ha'Pamin on the north side of the Azarah?

(a) If Bilgah was punished because of what Miriam bas Bilgah did, why did they punish ...
  1. ... *her father* for *her* sins?
  2. ... all the members of that group, because of *her* sins?
(b) What is the source of the principle 'Woe to a Tzadik, woe to his neighbor'?

(c) And from where do we know that 'Tov la'Tzadik, Tov li'Shecheino'?

***** Hadran Alach, ha'Chalil, u'Selika Lah Maseches Sukah *****

Answers to questions
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