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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sukah 55

SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.


(a) What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Beha'aloscha "u've'Yom Simchaschem ... u've'Roshei *Chodsheichem*" - according to Abaye?

(b) Abaye learns it as we just explained.
How does Rav Ashi learn it from the plural form of "u've'*Roshei"* together with the fact that "Chodsheichem" is written without a 'Yud'?

(c) Is Rav Acha bar Chanina able to reconcile this Beraisa with his opinion (that the Levi'im sung the specific Shiur of *each* Musaf that was brought)?

(a) Another Beraisa lists the Shir shel Yom that was sung on each day of Chol ha'Mo'ed Sukos.
Why did they sing ...
1. ... "Havu la'Hashem B'nei Eilim" (Kapitel 29) on the first day? How does this Kapitel hint at Nisuch ha'Mayim?
2. ... "ve'la'Rasha Amar, Mah Lecha le'Saper Chukai" (Kapitel 50) on the second day? What is the significance of the Pasuk there "Z'vach l'Elokim Todah, *ve'Shalem* l'Elokim *Nedarecha*"?
3. ... "Mi Yakum Li im Merei'im" (the second half of Kapitel 94) on the third day? Who are the "Merei'im"?
4. ... "Binu Bo'arim ba'Am" (the first half of Kapitel 94) on the fourth day? What warning is inherent in these words?
(b) Why did they invert the two halves of the Kapitel? Why did they sing the first half last?

(c) And why did they sing ...

1. ... "Hasirosi mi'Sevel Shichmo" on the fifth day? What is the connection between the consolation that it contains and the prayer for rain?
2. ... "Yimotu Kol Mosdei Aretz" on the sixth day? what is the significance of Ani ve'Rosh Hatzdiku"?
(d) What does the Mishnah in Pirkei Avos say about every Motza'ei ha'Chag in this connection?
(a) What is the difference between Rav Safra's Si'man 'H.u.m.be.h.i' and that of Rav Papa 'H.u.m.ha.b.i'?

(b) What is the significance of the Si'man 'Amvuha de'Safra'?

(c) If Shabbos fell on one of these days, which Shir was omitted, according to the Tana?

(d) What do we prove from this Beraisa?

4) Having conclusively proved Rav Acha bar Chanina wrong, we now have to explain his proof from the Pasuk and from the Beraisa (which says that the more Musafin that are brought, the more one adds to the Shir).
What does ...
  1. ... Ravina mean when he explains this to mean 'Ma'arichin bi'Teki'os'?
  2. ... Rav Acha (quoted by the Rabbanan of Caesaria) mean when he explains it to mean 'Marbin be'Tok'in'?
(a) The Gemara queries the order of Leining on Chol ha'Mo'ed Sukos in Chutz la'Aretz, where the second day is a Safek.
Why does the problem begin only on the third day (i.e. the first day of the Chol Hamo'ed)?

(b) Abaye maintains that it is the *second* day that is omitted.
What does this mean?

(c) What does Rava say?

(d) How do we prove Rava's opinion from the Beraisa of the Shir that they sang on Chol ha'Mo'ed (that we quoted above - see 3c)?

Answers to questions



(a) How many of the twenty-four groups of Kohanim served in the Beis Hamikdash throughout Yom-Tov? In which Avodos did they all participate?

(b) On the first day of Sukos, after the first sixteen groups had brought the thirteen bulls, the two rams and the goat, how did they distribute the fourteen lambs among the eight remaining groups?

(c) And how did they distribute them on the second day among the nine remaining groups, after the first fifteen groups had distributed the twelve bulls, the two rams and the goat?

(d) How was the Musaf distributed on the seventh day of Sukos? How many groups received more than one animal?

(a) How many animals did they bring on Shemini Atzeres?

(b) How did they determine who brought which animals then?

(c) Which of the animals did all the groups vie with each other to bring? Why was that?

(d) Almost all the groups merited to bring a bull *three* times round during Sukos. How many groups only brought it *twice*?

(a) According to Rebbi, all twenty-four groups participated in the Payas as to who should bring the bull on Shemini Atzeres.
What do the Rabbanan say?

(b) How did they determine which of those two groups should bring it?

(c) The Beraisa says that all the groups brought three bulls during Sukos, except for two, who only brought two. The author might be Rebbi, in which case, the Tana is implying that nobody received a third turn, but that they all participated in the new Payas on Shemini Atzeres.
If the author is the Rabbanan, what would the Tana be coming to teach us?

(a) Whom do the seventy bulls on Sukos and the one bull on Shemini Atzeres represent?

(b) What parable does Rebbi Elazar give to illustrate this?

(c) How did Rebbi Yochanan describe the stupidity of the Nochrim?

(a) How many times a year did all the groups receive an equal portion in the Eimurim of the Korbanos, and of the Lechem ha'Panim?

(b) When Shavu'os fell on Shabbos, why would they say to each Kohen 'Here is Matzah, here is Chametz'?

(c) Why did they do this? What can we learn from here?

(d) Which Avodos did the regular group of Kohanim whose week of duty fell due on Yom-Tov, merit, which the other groups did not?

(a) What would 'Eimurei ha'Regalim' usually mean?

(b) How do we interpret it in the above Beraisa?

(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Shoftim ...

  1. ... "u'Va be'Chol Avas Nafsho"?
  2. ... "me'Achad She'arecha"?
(d) How can we learn the Din of *Kehunah* from there, when the Torah specifically writes "ve'Chi Yavo ha'*Levi*"?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Shoftim "la'Kohen ha'Makriv Osah, Lo Sihyeh"?

(b) Then why do we also need the Pasuk "Cheilek ke'Cheilek Yocheilu" (ibid)?

(c) And what do we learn from the Pasuk there "Levad Mimkarav al ha'Avos"?

Answers to questions
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