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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sukah 49

SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.


(a) We just learned that if the Mizbe'ach is lacking in its squareness, it is Pasul.
Which other three things will render the Mizbe'ach Pasul, if they are missing, according to the Tana Kama?

(b) All of them are derived from the same word (used by the Torah by each of them).
Which word?

(c) Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah adds the Sovev.
What is the Sovev, according to Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah?

(d) He learns it from the Pasuk in Tzav "Karkov *ha'Mizbe'ach*".
What is "Karkov ha'Mizbe'ach", according to the Tana Kama?

(a) The Pasuk in Shir ha'Shirim reads "Chamukei Yerechayich, Kemo Chala'im, Ma'aseh Yedei Aman". "Chamukei Yerechayich" refers to the Shitin.
What are the 'Shitin'?

(b) What is the meaning of ...

  1. ... "Kemo Chala'im"?
  2. ... "Ma'aseh Yedei Aman"?
(c) What is the acronym of "Bereishis", according to Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael?
(a) When Yeshayah spoke of "Ashirah Na li'Yedidi Shiras Dodi le'Karmo", he was referring to singing about the Beis Hamikdash of Hashem. What did he mean by ...
  1. ... "be'Keren Beis Shemen"?
  2. ... "va'Ye'azkeihu"?
  3. ... "va'Yesakleihu"?
  4. ... "va'Yat'eihu Sorek"?
(b) What did he mean when he spoke of ...
  1. ... "a tower"?
  2. ... "a wine-press"?
(a) According to Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok (who disagrees with the Rabbanan, who hold that the Shitin went right down to the depths of the earth), how did they clear away the congealed wine from the Shitin of the Mizbe'ach?

(b) Why was this necessary?

(c) Who did it and how often was it done?

(d) Why did it then have to be burned?

5) What do we learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "ba'*Kodesh* Hasech Nesech Sheichar la'Hashem" - "ve'Sarafta es ha'Nosar ba'Eish ... Ki *Kodesh* Hu" (the Nesachim from Nosar)?

Answers to questions



(a) The Mishnah in Me'ilah writes that, once the Nesachim have gone down to the Shitin, they are no longer subject to Me'ilah. We initially think that the author of this Mishnah must be Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok.
How might even the Rabbanan agree, that, in spite of the fact that, in their opinion, the wine went right down to the depths of the earth, Me'ilah might still be applicable?

(b) On the other hand, since, according to Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok, the wine is still obtainable, why should Me'ilah *not* apply to it?

(c) The Torah writes in Pinchas "ba'Kodesh Hasech Nesech Sheichar la'Hashem".
What are the three meanings of "Sheichar", and what Halachic implications does that have with regard to the Mitzvah of Nisuch ha'Yayin?

(d) What does this teach us with regards to the way in which one should drink wine, especially if one is short of wine?

(a) The Pasuk "Mah Yafu Pa'amayich" (in Shir ha'Shirim) refers to the footsteps of Yisrael when they go to Yerashalayim on Yom-Tov. Who is "Bas *Nediv*"? Why is he called by that name?

(b) Why is particularly Avraham singled out? Why not Yitzchak and Ya'akov?

(c) If "Chamukei Yerechayich" (which we Darshened differently on the previous Amud) refers to words of Torah, why are they compared to a thigh?

(a) In the Pasuk in Michah, " ... Asos Mishpat" refers to justice, "Ahavas Chesed" to acts of kindness.
How do we know that "Hatznei'a Leches im Elokecha" incorporates Hotzo'as ha'Meis and Hachnasas Kalah?

(b) How can one perform these two things discreetly?

(c) How does this prove the statement that we made in the previous question (in 7c.)?

(a) What is Tzedakah greater than?

(b) How do we learn from the Pasuk in Hoshei'a "Zir'u Lachem li'Tzedakah, ve'Kitzru le'Fi Chesed", that Chesed is greater than Tzedakah?

(c) Tzedakah is performed with one's money, Chesed even one's body.
Which other two advantages does Chesed have over Tzedakah?

(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Ohev Tzedakah u'Mishpat, Chesed Hashem Mal'ah ha'Aretz"?

(a) What does Rebbi Elazar learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim ...
  1. ... "Mah *Yakar* Chasdecha Elokim"?
  2. ... "ve'Chesed Hashem Me'olam ve'Ad Olam *al Yere'av*"?
(b) What does Rav Chama bar Papa say about someone who possesses Chein?

(c) Some say that "Toras Chesed" (Mishlei) refers to the study of Torah 'li'Sh'mah, and Torah she'Einah shel Chesed is that of Torah she'Lo li'Sh'mah.
How do others explain the difference?

Answers to questions
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