REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafSukah 46
SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters
of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of
Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will
long be remembered.
(a) According to the Tana of the Beraisa, when does one recite
'Shehechiyanu' over ...
(b) And how often does one recite the Berachah ...
- ... the Lulav?
- ... the Sukah?
(c) This Beraisa goes perfectly with Shmuel's opinion.
- ... over the Lulav?
- ... over the Sukah?
But how will Rabah
bar bar Chanah (whose opinion is the exact opposite of Shmuel's) reconcile
the Beraisa's opinion of ...
- ... Lulav ...
- ... Sukah ... with his own?
(a) According to Rebbi, one recites a Berachah each time one puts on
What do the Chachamim say?
(b) How will the same Machlokes apply to Sukah?
(c) *Abaye* rules like Rebbi.
What does *Rava* say initially?
(d) How did Rava go on to disregard his own ruling?
(a) Mar Zutra saw Rav Papi recite a Berachah whenever he put on Tefilin.
What did he see the Rabbanan of Bei Rav Ashi do?
What are the two possible sources for reciting a Berachah over a Mitzvah
de'Rabbanan, even though the text contains the word 've'Tzivanu'?
(b) According to Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel, the Mitzvah of Lulav is d'Oraysa
all seven days; according to Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi, only the *first* day
is d'Oraysa (outside the Beis Hamikdash).
What does Rav Yitzchak hold?
(c) From where do we know that Rav will obligate a Berachah throughout
Sukos, despite the fact that the last six days are only mi'de'Rabbanan (like
Ravin Amar Rebbi Yochanan)?
(d) When, on the first night of Chanukah, would one recite only *two*
Berachos and not *three*?
(a) We learned earlier that one recites 'Shehechiyanu' when erecting one's
When does one recite 'Shehechiyanu', according to the Tana of
another Beraisa, if the Sukah has already been built?
(b) And what does one do if there is nothing to add to the Sukah?
(c) What did Rav Ashi see Rav Kahana do?
(a) According to the Tana Kama, someone who is about to perform a number of
Mitzvos, recites 'Asher Kideshanu ... al ha'Mitzvos'.
Answers to questions
What is the text of
the Berachah, according to Rebbi Yehudah?
(b) How does Rebbi Yehudah learn this from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Baruch
Hashem Yom Yom"?
(c) Why can we not interpret this Pasuk literally?
(d) Like whom does Rebbi Zeira (and some say Rav Chanina bar Papa) rule?
(a) What does Rebbi Zeira (and some Rav Chanina bar Papa) learn from the
double Lashon in the Pasuk in Ki Savo "ve'Hayah Im Shamo'a Tishme'u"?
(b) What does he also learn from there and from the Pasuk "ve'Im Yifneh
Levavecha Shuv Lo Tishma"?
(a) According to Resh Lakish, an Esrog is permitted as soon as one has
performed the Mitzvah with it on the seventh day.
What does Rebbi Yochanan
say, and what is his reason?
(b) Our Mishnah permits grown-ups to eat the children's Esrogim as soon as
the Mitzvah is over on the seventh day.
What objection does Rashi raise to
those who explain that the children would immediately eat their own Esrogim?
(c) How does Resh Lakish try to prove Rebbi Yochanan wrong from Our Mishnah?
(d) And how does Rebbi Yochanan reject the Kashya?
(a) According to Rebbi Yochanan, why is there a difference between the Esrog
of a grown-up and that of a child?
(b) According to Resh Lakish (who does *not* differentiate between the two),
why does the Tana specifically speak about the Esrog of a child?
(a) What is Rebbi Yochanan's reason for permitting an *Esrog* on the eighth
day, but of forbidding a *Sukah*?
(b) Levi forbids even an Esrog (even) on the eighth day.
Why is that?
(c) Shmuel's father initially held like Rebbi Yochanan, and then changed his
mind to hold like Levi.
How does Rebbi Zeira hold? What statement did he
(a) Rebbi Zeira forbids giving one's Lulav to a child on the first day.
Why is that?
(b) Still in connection with a child, what did Rebbi Zeira learn from the
Pasuk in Yirmiyah "Limdu Leshonam Daber Sheker"?
(c) Rav holds that if one designated seven Esrogim for the seven days of
Sukos, he may eat each Esrog the day after he has been Yotze with it.
does Rav Asi say?
(d) Which one holds like Rebbi Yochanan in the previous Sugya, and which
one, like Resh Lakish? What will be the Halachah (according to this text)?
(a) In Chutz la'Aretz, Abaye permits the Lulav on Simchas Torah, but forbids
it on Shemini Atzeres (even though it is permitted in Eretz Yisrael - see
Tosfos DH 'Esrog').
Answers to questions
What does Mereimar say?
(b) Like whom is the Halachah?