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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sukah 41

SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.


(a) According to Rav Ashi's initial statement, it is only by the *original* fruit that Rebbi Elazar argues with Rebbi Yochanan, but as far as the *second* fruit is concerned, even *he* concedes that it may even be redeemed by way of Chilul. If that is so, then why, in the Beraisa that supports him, does the Tana speak about 'Lakach' even by the *second* and by the *third* fruit (rather than 'Chilel')?

(b) If someone wishes to purchase a shirt with a Sela of Shevi'is, what problem will he encounter?

(c) So what does the Tana of another Beraisa suggest that he does?

(d) How does this Beraisa disprove Rav Ashi's previous statement? Why is it obvious that the Sela is a *second* fruit and not an *original* one?

(a) How do now re-word Rav Ashi's statement? Who concedes what to whom?

(b) Then why, in the Beraisa that supports Rebbi Yochanan, does the Tana speak about transferring *Shevi'is* (implying the *original* Kedushah) on to an animal?

(c) How do we prove this from 'Ma'ser Sheini' (which the Tana deals with in the same breath)?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Emor "u'Semachtem *Lifnei Hashem Elokeichem Shiv'as Yamim*"?

(b) What Takanah did Raban Yochanan ben Zakai institute?

(c) He also instituted that 'Yom Henef' should be completely forbidden.
What does this mean?

(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Yirmiyah that ends "Tzi'on Hi, Doresh Ein Lah"?

(a) What is 'Chadash'?

(b) By Torah law, from when on should Chadash be permitted when there is no Beis Hamikdash?

(c) So why did Raban Yochanan ben Zakai forbid it until the *seventeenth*?

(d) What is the problem with this, assuming the Beis Hamikdash will be built any time up to the fifteenth of Nisan?

(a) So the Takanah is concerned that the Beis Hamikdash may be built on the night of the sixteenth of Nisan.
Is it permitted to build the Beis Hamikdash at night-time?

(b) How does this concern spark off Raban Yochanan ben Zakai's Takanah?

Answers to questions



(a) Alternatively, Rebbi Yochanan ben Zakai holds like his grand-Talmid Rebbi Yehudah.
What did Rebbi Yehudah Darshen from the Pasuk in Emor "Ad Etzem ha'Yom ha'Zeh"?

(b) If Raban Yochanan ben Zakai himself holds like Rebbi Yehudah, then why did Rebbi Yehudah (in the Mishnah in Menachos) argue with him (though not directly, since he lived many years after him) in making his point?

(c) Seeing as Raban Yochanan now holds that Chadash is actually Asur the entire sixteenth day *mi'd'Oraysa*, why *does* the Mishnah in Menachos use the expression '*Hiskin* Raban Yochanan ben Zakai'?

(a) What did they used to do with their Lulavim when the first day of Sukos fell on Shabbos?

(b) In which way would the Halachah differ if Shabbos fell on another day of Sukos (after Raban Yochanan ben Zakai's Takanah to Bensch Lulav throughout Sukos)?

(c) What does Rebbi Yossi say about someone who carried his Lulav into the street on the first day of Sukos that fell on Shabbos?

(a) From where do we learn that one cannot fulfill the Mitzvah of Lulav with someone else's Lulav on the first day of Sukos?

(b) And what do we learn from "u'Lekachtem"?

(a) Of the four Tana'im who were traveling together on the ship, only Raban Gamliel had a set of Arba Minim.
How were they all Yotze with his set on the first day of Sukos?

(b) Why does the Beraisa need to add that each of them returned it to Raban Gamliel?

(c) What important ruling does Rava add to this?

(d) Why does the Tana need to inform us that Raban Gamliel paid a thousand Zuz for his set?

(a) Why during the Amidah, is one forbidden to hold ...
  1. ... a knife?
  2. ... a dish of food?
  3. ... a loaf?
  4. ... money?
(b) Is one permitted to Daven the Amidah holding Tefilin or a Sefer-Torah?

(c) That being so, how could Ameimar inform Rav Ashi that his father used to hold the Lulav during the Amidah?

(a) What did the men of Yerushalayim used to do with their Lulav when they left the house, went to Shul, or recited the Shema or the Amidah?

(b) On which other occasions would they take their Lulav with them?

(c) On which occasion would they ...

  1. ... put it on the floor?
  2. ... send it home with a Sheli'ach?
(d) What do we learn from all this?
Answers to questions
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