REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafSukah 36
SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters
of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of
Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will
long be remembered.
Ula bar Chinena quotes a Beraisa that qualifies 'Nikav ve'Lo Chaser Kol
Shehu, Kasher' of our Mishnah.
When is an Esrog Pasul ...
- ... even with the tiniest hole?
- ... even when it has a hole and nothing from the Esrog is missing?
(a) An Esrog that is peeled, split or that has a hole, which our Mishnah
already declares Pasul, are all similar to one of the Tereifos of an animal.
Then what is Rava referring to, when he asks whether a sign of Tereifus
invalidates an Esrog?
(b) What condition must be fulfilled for the animal to be a Tereifah?
(c) Rava's She'eilah by Esrog concerns when the seed chambers *are* intact.
Why might the Esrog be Pasul even though the animal in the equivalent case
is not a Tereifah?
(a) What do the following Esrogim have in common: one that is swollen or
smelly, pickled or well-cooked, black, white or dotted?
(b) Is an Esrog Kasher if it is ...
(c) How do we try to resolve Rava's She'eilah (regarding an Esrog whose
inside has melted) from the first two cases in the Beraisa ('an Esrog that
is swollen or smelly')?
- ... round?
- ... a twin (two grew together)?
- ... grown inside a form to change its shape?
(d) But we conclude that the Beraisa may well *validate* an Esrog that is
only bad *inside* (as in Rava's She'eilah), and that both 'swollen' and
'smelly' refer to the *outside* of the Esrog.
Then what is the difference
between the two?
(a) The Beraisa validates an Esrog ha'Kushi, but invalidates one that is
What is ...
(b) Abaye establishes our Mishnah, which invalidates an Esrog ha'Kushi, by a
- ... an Esrog ha'Kushi?
- ... an Esrog ha'Domeh le'Kushi?
How does Rava, who establishes it by a Kushi, reconcile it
with the Beraisa, which validates it?
(a) The Chachamim validate a small Esrog the size of a white bean.
Answers to questions
does Rebbi Akiva invalidate it (according to Rabah)?
(b) Rabah equates Rebbi Akiva opinion with that of his disciple, Rebbi
What does Rebbi Shimon regarding a small Esrog of that size?
(c) Abaye disagrees.
Why might ...
1. ... Rebbi Akiva have a different reason for declaring such a small Esrog,
Pasul (but agree with the Rabbanan of Rebbi Shimon by taking Ma'asros)?
(d) Abaye concludes his contention with the words 've'Su Lo Midi'. What
does this mean?
2. ... Rebbi Shimon have a reason for exempting such a small Esrog from
Ma'asros (but agree with the Rabbanan of Rebbi Akiva by Esrog)?
(a) Rava permits an Esrog that grew in a form in the shape of an Esrog.
Why is this obvious?
(b) Then what is Rava's Chidush?
(a) On what grounds does Rav (in the first Lashon) disqualify an Esrog which
has been mouse-eaten and contains holes?
What does Rav hold in the second Lashon?
(b) Is Hadar Pasul on the first day only, or on all seven days?
(c) Rebbi Chanina used to eat part of his Esrog and then continue to use it.
How does he reconcile this with our Mishnah, which disqualifies an Esrog
with a hole if some of the Esrog is missing?
(d) Could Rav (who disqualified the mouse-eaten Esrog because it was not
Hadar) possibly agree with Rav Chanina?
(a) Rebbi Meir validates an Esrog the size of a nut; whereas Rebbi Yehudah
requires a minimum size of an egg.
In which other area of Halachah do they
have the same dispute? How many stones are permitted?
(b) Rebbi Yossi supports his ruling (permitting an Esrog so large that it
must be held in both hands) with a story concerning Rebbi Akiva. What
(c) How does Rebbi Yehudah refute Rebbi Yossi's proof?
(d) Is this really Rebbi Yehudah's reason?
(a) According to Rebbi Yehudah, the three species of the Lulav must be bound
with the same kind.
Answers to questions
What does Rebbi Meir say?
(b) Rebbi Meir proves his point from the men of Yerushalayim, who used to
tie their Lulav with gold threads.
How does Rebbi Yehudah counter this?
(c) Rava permits tying the Lulav even with the creeper or with thin strips
of bark cut from a palm-tree (according to Rebbi Yehudah).
beautify the Lulav? What is Rebbi Yehudah's reason?