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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sukah 28


(a) Some say that Rebbi Eliezer was able to answer twelve of the thirty questions that they asked him about Sukah in the upper Galilee.
What do others say?

(b) Rebbi Eliezer was always the first in the Beis Hamedrash, he never slept there, nor did he ever leave anyone in the Beis-Hamedrash when he departed. In which other two points did he excel?

(c) From whom did he learn these things?

(a) He also learned from Rebbi Yochanan ben Zakai, not to walk four Amos without Torah and Tefilin, not to think Torah in unclean alleyways and never to sit silent (but always to be learning - verbally).
Which other two accomplishments did he learn from him?

(b) Thirty of Hillel's eighty disciples were worthy that the Shechinah should rest on them like Moshe Rabeinu. How are the other fifty categorized?

(c) Who was ...

  1. ... the greatest of them all?
  2. ... the smallest of them all?
(a) There doesn't seem to be much that Rebbi Yochanan ben Zakai did not know: He knew Tenach and Mishnah and Agados (Medrashim) in their entirety (Much of it is explained by the Maharshal).
What is the meaning of ...
  1. ... Gemara'?
  2. ... 'Halachos'?
  3. ... 'Dikdukei Torah'?
  4. ... 'Dikdukei Sofrim'?
(b) He knew all the Kal va'Chomers, the Gezeiros Shavos and Gematri'os (cum Notrikuns - acronyms).
What is 'Tekufos?

(c) He knew the speech of the angels and of the demons (i.e. he had the power to make them swear to him - and do his bidding). And he could tell the future from the movement of the branches and the leaves of a palm tree (on days when the wind was not blowing).
What are Mishlos Kovsin' 'Mishlos Shu'alim'?

(d) What is ...

  1. ... 'Davar Gadol'?
  2. ... 'Davar Katan'?
4) If such was the greatness of Rebbi Yochanan ben Zakai, then in what way did the greatness of Yonasan ben Uziel manifest itself?


(a) We have already learned that Beis Shamai disqualifies a Sukah, if the table from which one is eating is inside the house (i.e. outside the Sukah). What episode do Beis Hillel cite to prove that it is nevertheless Kasher?

(b) According to Beis Shamai, what did the elders of Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel exclaim?

(a) Women, slaves and children are Patur from Sukah.
Until when is a child Patur from Sukah?

(b) What does the Tana of the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Emor ...

  1. ... "Kol *ha'Ezrach*"?
  2. ... "Kol"?
(c) According to this, whom does the word "Ezrach" (without the 'Hey') incorporate?

(d) Regarding 'Inuy' on Yom Kipur, we *include* women from the word "ha'Ezrach" (in Acharei Mos).
How does this contradict the Limud by Sukah?

(a) To answer the above Kashya, we initially explain that one of the two cases is literal, and the other one is really a Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai, and the Pasuk quoted by the Beraisa is only an Asmachta.
Besides being in a doubt as to which is which, what problem does the Gemara have with this?

(b) Why is it obvious ...

  1. ... that women are Patur from Sukah?
  2. ... that they are Chayav Inuy on Yom Kipur (Rav Yehudah Amar Rav)?
Answers to questions



(a) Abaye concludes that the word 'Ezrach' implies only men, the 'Hey' in "ha'Ezrach" would normally *include* women (as indeed it does by Inuy on Yom Kipur - or so we still think).
Why then do we need a 'Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai' to exempt women from Sukah, seeing as it is a positive time-bound Mitzvah, according to Abaye?

(b) Rava agrees with Abaye in principle, though he has another reason as to why women would otherwise be Chayav Sukah.
What is it?

(c) Now that we have a 'Halachah ... ' to exempt women from Sukah, what do we learn from the 'Hey' of "ha'Ezrach"?

(d) And now that women are Chayav to practice Inuy on Yom Kipur because of Rav Yehudah Amar Rav, why do we need the extra 'Hey' in "ha'Ezrach" to obligate them?

(a) How do we reconcile the Beraisa, which includes children in the Mitzvah of Sukah from "Kol", with our Mishnah, which exempts them? What constitutes having reached the age of Chinuch by Sukah?

(b) But how can the Tana learn children who have reached the age of Chinuch from a *Pasuk*, when the obligation for him to observe Mitzvos is only *mi'de'Rabbanan*?

(c) Rebbi Yanai defines a child who no longer needs his mother, as one who does not need his mother to wipe him clean.
How does Resh Lakish define it?

(d) Is every child who calls 'Mummy' when he wakes up, Patur from Sukah?

(a) What did Shamai ha'Zaken do when his daughter-in-law gave birth?

(b) Why does the Mishnah bring an illustration which contradicts what it just taught (i.e. that a young baby who needs his mother is Patur from Sukah)?

(a) Throughout the seven days of Sukos, a person should make his Sukah Ke'va and his house Arai.
How does he do this?

(b) One is obligated to eat, drink and sleep in the Sukah.
How about other occupations?

(c) If it rains, one is exempt from the Mitzvah.
How hard must it rain before one will be permitted to move indoors?

(d) On Sukos (in Eretz Yisrael), rain is considered a bad omen.
What Mashal (parable) did Chazal give to describe it?

(a) How do we reconcile the Beraisa, which obligates even the study of *Gemara* in the *Sukah*, with Rava, who maintains that, whereas the study of Tenach and Mishnah should be performed in the Sukah, one may study *Gemara in the house*?

(b) How do we prove this from Rava bar Chama learning in front of his Rebbe, Rav Chisda?

Answers to questions
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