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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sukah 25

SUKAH 21-25 - my brother Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored one month of Dafyomi publications for the benefit of Klal Yisrael


(a) Sheluchei Mitzvah are Patur from Sukah.
What constitutes Sheluchei Mitzvah?

(b) Do they become Chayav when they stop traveling at night?

(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in va'Eschanan ...

  1. ... "be'Shivtecha be'Veisecha"?
  2. ... "u've'Lechtecha va'Derech"? Why do we need this second Derashos?
(a) We try to base the previous Derashah on the word "Derech", which, we think, implies that one is traveling on one's private business.
On what grounds do we refute this contention?]

(b) So how *do* we prove from the Pasuk itself that the Torah is referring to Reshus and not to Mitzvah?

(c) Why is someone who marries a widow not Patur from the Shema in the same way as someone who marries a virgin is?

(d) If it is the worry that exempts a person from reciting the Shema, then why is someone whose ship is about to sink not Patur, too?

(a) Why is an Aveil not Patur from reciting the Shema?

(b) For how long is he Patur from laying Tefilin and why?

(c) What is the significance of the fact that the Tefilin are called "Pe'er"?

Answers to questions



(a) According to Rebbi Yossi Hagelili, the Teme'ei Meis who approached Moshe about bringing the Korban Pesach were those who carried the coffin of Yosef. In Rebbi Akiva's opinion, they were Mishael and Eltzafan.
Who were Mishael and Eltzafan?

(b) Rebbi Yitzchak disagrees with both of them due to what happened on the first and second of Nisan.
What happened on the first and second of Nisan respectively, and what is then his objection?

(a) Who then, were the men who approached Moshe, according to Rebbi Yitzchak?

(b) What does Rebbi Yitzchak infer from the Pasuk in Beha'aloscha "ve'Lo Yachlu La'asos ha'Pesach *ba'Yom ha'Hu*"?

(c) Why could these men not send their Korban Pesach through a Sheli'ach, seeing as they would anyway be fit to eat the Pesach after nightfall?

(a) On what grounds did the men bury their dead relative (or relatives), seeing as they knew that Pesach (a Mitzvah which carries with it a Chiyuv Kares) was imminent, and that, once they were Tamei, they would not be permitted to bring it?

(b) In that case, why do we need the Pasuk of "be'Shivtecha be'Veisecha" to teach us 'ha'Osek be'Mitzvah, Patur min ha'Mitzvah'? Why can we not learn it from the Parshah in Beha'aloscha?

(c) And why then, do we need the Parshah in Beha'aloscha? Why can we not learn it from "be'Shivtecha be'Veisecha" (where it applies even when the second Mitzvah is already due)?

(a) What did Hashem tell Yechezkel, from which we can infer that a regular Aveil is Patur from Tefilin?

(b) In that case, why did Hashem instruct Yechezkel to wear Tefilin?

(a) Rav Aba bar Zavda (the author of the previous Sugya) also obligates an Aveil to sit in a Sukah.
Why might we have thought otherwise?

(b) Why is he *not* Patur because of his anguish? When *is* one Patur and when is one *not*?

(a) Rav Aba bar Zavda also exempts a Chasan and his retinue from sitting in the Sukah.

(b) Why can they not ...

  1. ... eat in the Sukah and rejoice in the Sukah?
  2. ... eat in the Sukah and rejoice in the Chupah?
(c) According to Abaye, they cannot arrange the Chupah in the Sukah because it may lead to Yichud.
What does Rava say?

(d) What is the difference between the two explanations?

(a) When Rebbi Zeira got married, he did not conform with the previous Sugya at all.
What did he do, and what reason did he give for doing so?

(b) When did he get married, on Yom-Tov or before Yom-Tov?

Answers to questions
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