REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafSukah 9
(a) Beis Shamai invalidates an old Sukah.
What do Beis Hillel say?
(b) What constitutes an old Sukah?
(c) When will even Beis Shamai concede that an old Sukah is Kasher?
(a) How do Beis Shamai learn the Pesul of an old Sukah from the Pasuk in
Emor "Chag ha'Sukos ... Shiv'as Yamim la'Hashem"?
(b) Beis Hillel learn from this Pasuk the Derashah of Rav Sheshes quoting
What does Rav Sheshes say?
(c) How does Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira learn this from the word "Chag"?
(d) In fact, Beis Shamai too, needs this Pasuk for the Derashah of Rav
How does he then learn the Pesul of Sukah Yeshanah from the Pasuk
in Re'ei "Chag ha'Sukos Ta'aseh ... "?
(a) What do Beis Hillel learn from the Pasuk "Chag ha'Sukos Ta'aseh ... "?
(b) And what do Beis Shamai hold concerning the construction of a Sukah on
(a) Rav Yehudah Amar Rav permits balls of thread to be used as Tzitzis even
though the thread was not spun 'Lishemah'.
Answers to questions
What does he say about using
fringes, loose threads from woven or stitched garments to make into Tzitzis
on the garments to which they are already attached?
(b) He learns this from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "Gedilim Ta'aseh *Lach*".
According to him, why do Beis Hillel not learn from "Chag ha'Sukos Ta'aseh
*Lecha*" that a Sukah too, must be constructed 'Lishemah' (i.e. to
invalidate a Sukah Yeshanah)?
(c) Why should the Pasuk "Gedilim Ta'aseh *Lach*" not also be needed to
disqualify stolen material from being used as Tzitzis?
(a) Is a Sukah Kasher if it is built ...
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah say about one Sukah above another Sukah?
- ... underneath a tree?
- ... underneath another Sukah - according to the Tana Kama?
(a) Why does the Tana of our Mishnah need to say that if someone constructs
his Sukah underneath a tree, it is *as if he has constructed it inside his
house*? Why does he not just say 'Pasul'?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei (with regard to the S'chach)
"be'Ospecha, mi'Gornecha u'mi'Yikvecha"?
(c) Under what condition is a Sukah that is built underneath a tree whose
sun is more than its shade, Kasher?
(d) What does 'be'she'Chavtan' mean?
(a) Why does the Tana of our Mishnah need to teach us the previous Chidush?
Is it not obvious that if there is more shade than sun (as Rava pointed out)
and the part that is Pasul is Batel (as Rav Papa explained), the Sukah is
(b) But is even that not already contained in a Mishnah later, which teaches
us that if one bent a vine, a pumpkin or a kind of creeper over his Sukah,
his Sukah is nevertheless valid, provided they let in more sun than shade -
and there, just like here, it can only be speaking when he mixed the two
(a) Why, by virtue of the plural ("ba'Sukos") does the Pasuk not imply quite
the opposite (that one Sukah underneath the other, is Kasher)? [Note: It is
not however clear, how we can now use the word "ba'Sukos" to teach us this
Chidush, when we have already used it for the number of walls.]
(b) The above Halachah however, is not so clear-cut, since all combinations
are possible: Both Sukos are Kasher if the bottom Sukah allows in more sun
than shade, and the top one is within twenty Amos from the ground. In which
case are both Sukos Pasul?
(a) The bottom Sukah is Kasher and the top one Pasul, if the bottom Sukah
casts more shade than sun, and the top one, which allows in more sun than
shade, is within twenty Amos of the ground.
Answers to questions
Why would the bottom Sukah be
Pasul if the S'chach of the top one was higher than twenty Amos from the
(b) In which case is the top Sukah Kasher and the bottom one Pasul?