POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafSukah 37
SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters
of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of
Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will
long be remembered.
1) R. YEHUDAH ALLOWS S'CHACH ONLY FROM THE FOUR MINIM
(a) Question: We find at R. Yehudah allows S'chach from
other than the four Minim (as he disputes the
dimensions of Erez planks with R. Meir)!?
2) R. MEIR ALLOWS THE MINIM TO BE BOUND WITH ANY STRING
(b) Answer: Erez is the Hadas (as taught by Rabah b.R. Huna
that Hadas is one of 10 types of Erez).
(a) R. Meir cites the fact that upper classes of
Yerushalayim would use gold strings, and he was told,
in response, that (like R. Yehudah) they would tie with
one of the Minim underneath.
3) CHATZITZAH AND TAKING THE LULAV
(b) Rabah told those who were binding Lulavim to allow
space for a hand so that the binding not be a
(c) (Rava) Anything made to adorn the Lulav is not a
(a) (Rabah) It is not permitted to drape one's hand with a
cloth upon taking the Lulav (not a proper Lekicha).
(b) (Rava) Indirect Lekicha is a proper Lekicha.
1. Question: What is Rava's source?
2. Answer: From the Mishnah which allows an extension
stick to be used to lower the Eizov into the Mei
Chatas for sprinkling (which requires Lekicha).
3. Question: Maybe the attached stick is viewed as
the Eizov itself, unlike the cloth around his
4) SMELLING THE MINIM
4. Answer: Rava's source is the fact that the ashes
of the Parah may be shaken from the tube into the
water, even though it requires Lekicha.
(c) (Rabah) One must not press the Lulav into the binding
between the Hadas and Aravah lest one sever leaves
resulting in a Chatzitzah.
(d) (Rava) Min b'Mino is not Chotzetz.
(e) (Rabah) One must not cut the bottom of the Lulav while
it is already bound, lest the now-unattached leaves
create a Chatzitzah.
(f) (Rava) Min b'Mino is not Chotzetz.
(a) (Rabah) It is not permitted to smell the Hadas, but it
is permitted to smell the Esrog.
5) MISHNAH: WAVING THE LULAV
1. The Hadas is made for fragrance, and has been
designated away from its ordinary purpose in order
to fulfil the Mitzvah.
(b) (Rabah) An attached Hadas may be smelled, but not an
attached Esrog, as explained (and see R. Chananel).
2. The Esrog is made for eating, and has not been
restricted from being smelled.
(c) (Rabah) The Lulav is taken in the right (since more
Mitzvos are attached to it) and the Esrog in the left.
(d) Question: Why do we mention Lulav in the Berachah?
(e) Answer: Because it is taller (above) the others.
(f) Question: Then raise up the Esrog and mention *it*!?
(g) Answer: We mean the Lulav is taller and more
outstanding as a species.
(a) Question: When do we wave the Lulav?
6) THE WAVING
(b) Answer (Beis Hillel): Twice at Hodu and at Ana HaShem
(c) Answer (Beis Shamai): Also at Ana HaShem Hatzlichah Na.
(d) (R. Akiva) I saw R. Gamliel and R. Yehoshua refrain
from joining the others in waving at Hatzlichah Na.
(a) Question: Who mentioned waving such that we should jump
in with the question of when it takes place!?
(b) Answer: The first Mishnah in our Perek makes reference
to waving when speaking of the required length of the
Lulav, and our Mishnah picks up from there.
(c) The Mishnah in Menachos describes waving the two loaves
on the Kivsei Atzeres as the prototype of all waving.
(d) (R. Yochanan) The four directions acknowledge He Who
rules over the four directions, and the up and down
acknowledges His Dominion over Heaven and Earth.
(e) (R. Chama b. Ukva citing R. Yosi b.R. Chanina) The six
directions are prayers to block the Ruchos and Telalim.
(f) This demonstrates that even the 'portions' of Mitzvos
block misfortune (even if they do not block the
(g) R. Acha b. Yakov would wave and indicate that this
should be a thorn in the Satan's eyes (who did not
succeed in severing us from the yoke of Heaven).
(h) It is not proper to do this, lest the Satan fight back.