POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafSukah 25
SUKAH 21-25 - my brother Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored one month of
Dafyomi publications for the benefit of Klal Yisrael
1) A SWAYING MECHITZAH (cont'd)
(a) Question: We find that standing sheaves surrounding a
person create a Mechitzah, and surely they sway in the
2) MISHNAH: EXEMPTIONS FROM SUKAH
(b) Answer: Here, too, we are speaking where the sheaves
have been tied up so that they cannot sway.
(a) Those en route to perform a Mitzvah are exempt from
Sukah, as are those who are ill and their attendants.
3) OSEK B'MITZVAH PATUR MIN HAMITZVAH
(b) One is permitted to snack outside of the Sukah.
(a) Question: What is the source for the Din of Osek
B'Mitzvah Patur Min HaMitzvah?
(b) Answer: The Beraisa learns from BeShivtecha BiVeisecha
that one who is doing a Mitzvah is Patur from Shema.
1. The Beraisa lists others who are exempt from
(c) Question: How does this Pasuk infer an exemption to the
2. Also included are a groom on the day of his
marriage to a Besulah (but not to an Almanah).
(d) Answer (R. Huna): The word Derech implies that the
obligation is only upon one who is traveling for his
personal needs, not for a Mitzvah.
(e) Question: But surely Derech can also refer to (and
obligate) one who is travelling for Mitzvah needs!?
(f) Answer: The suffix of Uv'Lechtecha implies personal
travel, not Mitzvah travel.
(g) Question: Then one who marries an Almanah (a Mitzvah)
should also be exempt!?
(h) Answer: He is not preoccupied as is one who marries a
(i) Question: If every preoccupation creates an exemption,
then one who is in sorrow over his financial loss
should be similarly exempt!?
1. Answer: Perhaps this is true.
(j) Answer: A groom is exempt due to his preoccupation with
2. Question: But we know that a mourner is obligated
in all Mitzvos except Tefilin (based on the Pasuk
in Yechezkel which refers to Pe'er)?
(k) Question: But the source for the exemption of Osek
B'Mitzvah is learned from the exemption from Korban
Pesach given to those who were involved in the Mitzvah
of burying Nadav and Avihu!?
4) AN AVEL AND TEFILIN
1. The Beraisa asks who were those who were Tameh and
unable to bring the Korban Pesach such that they
were given Pesach Sheni?
(l) Answer: We need both sources (Pesach and Krias Shema).
2. (R. Yosi HaGelili) The pallbearers of Yosef
3. (R. Akiva) Mishael and Eltzafan, who buried Nadav
4. Question (R. Yitzhok): These should have been able
to use the Parah Adumah and become Tahor in time
to bring the Korban!?
5. Answer: Rather, they were dealing with a Mes
Mitzvah, and the seventh day of the Taharah
occurred on Erev Pesach, such that they were
unable to participate in the Korban that day.
1. From Pesach alone we might have exempted only one
who became preoccupied prior to the arrival of his
obligation (as they became Tameh before the Pesach
could have been brought).
2. From Krias Shema alone we might only exempt one
from an obligation which does not carry a Kares.
(a) Question: How does the Pasuk in Yechezkel exempt a
mourner from Tefilin?
5) AN AVEL AND SUKAH
(b) Answer (R. Aba b. Zavda citing Rav): The Pasuk
obligates Yechezkel in his mourning to be unlike all
other mourners and to wear his Tefilin, implying the
exemption to all other mourners.
1. This exemption only applies on the first day.
2. This is derived from "Yom Mar" implying the first
(a) (R. Aba b. Zavda citing Rav) An Avel is obligated to
dwell in the Sukah.
6) A CHASAN AND SUKAH
(b) Question: Is this not obvious?
(c) Answer: We might have exempted him as a Mitztaer (he
suffers from the obligation not to sit dark and alone
in his mourning).
1. The exemption of Mitztaer only applies to
discomfort caused by the Sukah.
2. Here his discomfort is from within himself, and he
must set his mind right to do the Mitzvah.
(a) (R. Aba b. Zavda citing Rav) A Chasan and the wedding
party are exempt from Sukah for seven days.
1. Question: Why should this be so?
(b) Question: Let them make the Chupah in the Sukah!?
2. Answer: Because they are engaged in the Mitzvah of
rejoicing with the Chasan.
3. Question: Then let them eat and rejoice in the
4. Answer: The joy is centered on the Chupah, and is
not to be taken away from there.
5. Question: Then let them eat in the Sukah and
rejoice at the Chupah?
6. Answer: The rejoicing surrounds the Seudah.
(c) Answer (Abaye): We are concerned lest someone violate
the prohibition of Yichud.
(d) Answer (Rava): We are concerned for the embarrassment
of the Chasan.
(e) Question: What difference will derive from their
(f) Answer: A case where many people are around, thus
obviating the problem of Yichud, but leaving the
embarrassment of the Chasan.
(g) R. Zeira reported that he ate and rejoiced in the Sukah
(all the moreso because of the double Mitzvah).