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Sukah 56

SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.

1) [line 5] "CHELEK K'CHELEK YOCHELU; LEVAD MIMKARAV AL HA'AVOS" - "Portion for portion shall they eat; except for what was transacted by the forefathers." (Devarim 18:8)

*2*) [line 10] CHIYUVA D'YOMA ADIF - that is to say, the Berachah said upon the Mitzvah of sitting in a Sukah, which is an obligation of the Chag, precedes the Berachah of Shehecheyanu, which is not a Berachah on a seasonal obligation, but rather simply a blessing of thanks to Hash-m.

(a) In many places the Gemara states that when certain items are sold (e.g. Kodshim that become unfit to offer on the Mizbe'ach) their value is designated as a Nedavah ("v'Yiplu Demeihem l'Nedavah"), a contribution towards a Korban. This money was used to purchase Korbenos Tzibur (offerings brought by the entire people) and not Korbenos Yachid (personal Korbanos). A person may also volunteer money as a Nidvas Tzibur. In both cases, the money was placed in one of the six Shofaros (boxes) that were kept in the Mikdash and was used to buy Korbenos "Kayitz ha'Mizbe'ach" to be sacrificed when the Mizbe'ach was not otherwise in use (Shekalim 6b).
(b) (Rashi DH Kayitz explains that these offerings were also called "Kayitz," because they were like a "dessert" [Kayitz = cut figs, a common dessert food] to the Mizbe'ach.)

4) [line 36] HA'MIS'AKEV - (a) any Mishmar that would come early (on Friday) and *stay* until a festival (that falls on Monday), and in other years, any Mishmar that would *stay behind* after a festival (that ends on Thursday) until Shabbos (RASHI); (b) the Mishmar whose week comes out the same week as a festival in which the first day is Monday or the last day is Thursday. Since they only do the Avodah independently for one day, (the intervening Sunday or Friday), those Mishmaros would often arrive late or not come in their full numbers. Under these circumstances, the lazy Mishmar takes only two loaves (RAMBAM, Peirush ha'Mishnayos)

5) [line 38] BILGAH - The 24 Mishmaros, as listed in Divrei ha'Yamim I 24:7- 18, are:

  4. SE'ORIM
  9. YESHU'A
  12. YAKIM
  13. CHUPAH
  15. BILGAH
  16. IMER
  17. CHEZIR
  21. YACHIN
  22. GAMUL
6) [line 39] TABATAH KEVU'AH - its ring was fixed and unmovable. (a) There were 24 rings set into the floor of the Azarah to the north of the Mizbe'ach (Midos 3:5). The 24 Mishmaros used them during Shechitah of Korbanos; the animal's neck was held firmly by the ring that opened and closed on a hinge. The ring of Bilgah could not be used and they were forced to use the ring of a different Mishmar (RASHI); (b) The Mishnah is referring to rings that were on the short poles to the north of the Mizbe'ach and on the walls of the Azarah that were used to hang up an animal for skinning (Pesachim 5:9, Tamid 3:5). All the rings were closed except for the ring of the officiating Mishmar. The ring of Bilgah was always left closed, and they had to use the ring of another Mishmar. (RAMBAM, Peirush ha'Mishnayos)

7) [line 39] CHALONAH SESUMAH - (a) At the far ends of the Ulam were two rooms, the Beis ha'Chalifos, where the Shechitah knives of each Mishmar were kept. Bilgah's compartment was sealed (RASHI); (b) These were 24 windows (compartments) in which each Mishmar kept their Bigdei Kehunah. Normally, all were closed except for the window of the officiating Mishmar. The window of Bilgah was always left closed, even when they officiated, and they kept their Bigdei Kehunah in another Mishmar's window. (RAMBAM, Peirush ha'Mishnayos)


8) [line 2] B'SECHAR HAGAFAS DELASOS - as payment for closing the doors of the Beis ha'Mikdash (that were opened by the previous Mishmar)

9) [line 2] DAL B'DAL - *remove* this law [of taking seven loaves] so that it will be *removed* [in the future to your advantage: when your Mishmar will leave at the end of the week, you will receive six loaves and not five] (RASHI)

10) [line 3] BUTZINA TAVA MI'KARA - (a) a young pumpkin (today) is preferable to a large pumpkin (in the future) (RASHI); (b) a small cucumber (that ripens quickly) is preferable to a large pumpkin (that takes much longer to ripen) (RABEINU CHANANEL, RABEINU TAM)

(a) The Lechem ha'Panim (Showbread) is an offering of 12 loaves (that are Matzah) which are arranged in two stacks (Sedarim), six loaves to each stack, on the Golden Table of the Mishkan or Beis ha'Mikdash. Fresh loaves were arranged on the Table every Shabbos and are left there until the following Shabbos. The Kohanim eat the loaves that are removed. (Vayikra 24:5-9).
(b) A Kometz (the amount that will fit under the middle three fingers when they are pressed upon the palm) of Levonah (frankincense) is placed alongside each stack in a Bazach (bowl). Only the Levonah is offered on the Mizbe'ach. The offering of the Levonah permits the loaves to be eaten.

12) [line 21] HEMIRAH DASAH - who became an apostate
13) [line 22] SERADYOT - a Greek officer
14) [line 23] LUKOS - wolf (in Greek)
15) [line 24] V'IY ATAH OMED ALEIHEM - and you do not protect them
16) [line 25] MISHMARTO SHOHEH LAVO - the Mishmar of Bilgah would arrive late
17) [line 25] YESHEV'AV - the Mishmar that did the Avodah during the week before Bilgah

18) [line 30] SHUSA D'YENUKA B'SHUKA - the speech, chatter of a child in the street. Rashi writes that if she had not heard her father degrade the Avodah, she would not have said these words.
(The Alter mi'Kelem (CHACHMAH U'MUSAR, Ma'amar ha'Chinuch, vol. I, Pp. 220) points out that her father certainly did not say the words, "Wolf, wolf..." Rather, she did not hear him praise the Avodah as is expected of the Kohanim. Since she was not accustomed to hearing about the sanctity of the Mikdash and the Avodah, she came to say what she said. From here we see the necessity of showing one's children that we value and praise learning Torah and doing Mitzvos.)
"Yehi Ratzon she'Targilenu b'Sorasecha v'Dabkeinu b'Mitzvosecha" - "May it be Your will that You shall accustom us to follow in the path of Your Torah and attach us to Your Mitzvos"


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