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Sukah 51

SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.

1a) [line 2] BEIS HA'PEGARIM - (a) the name of a family from Emek ha'Pegarim (Yirmeyahu 31:39) (see TOSFOS Erchin 10a DH Yesh); (b) according to the Girsa BEIS PAGRIM (or PAGRIS -- see MISHNAH Erchin 10a and TOSFOS ibid.) - the House of Pagrim (or Pagris)
b) [line 3] BEIS TZIPORAYA - the House of Tziporaya

2) [line 3] IMA'UM - perhaps Amaus, a large Roman city in the area of today's Canada Park, in central Israel

3) [line 4] MASI'IN LA'KEHUNAH - they could marry off their daughters [and their widowed wives could get married] to Kohanim [because of their prestigious ancestry; there was no question that all of their ancestors were Jewish]

If one served on the Duchan (a platform on which the Leviyim sang the Shirah), it could serve as proof that one is of prestigious ancestry, and that he is a Levi, entitled to receive Ma'aser Rishon.

5) [line 42] "...UVE'ES HECHEL HA'OLAH..." - "...and at the time that the offering of the Olah began..." (Divrei ha'Yamim II 29:27)

6) [line 45] "VA'YEHI CHE'ECHAD LA'MECHATZRIM VELA'MESHORERIM L'HASHMI'A KOL ECHAD..." - "And there was unison among the trumpeters and the singers, sounding out in one voice..." (Divrei ha'Yamim II 5:13)

7) [line 48] LI'VESUMEI KALA - to sweeten the sound (of the singing)

8) [line 52] EZRAS NASHIM
The Ezras Nashim, the Women's Court was 135 Amos by 135 Amos and was located to the east of the Azarah of the Beis ha'Mikdash. A gallery was erected there every year for the women who came to see the Simchas Beis haSho'evah. Separating the Ezras Nashim from the Azarah were the fifteen steps that led up to the eastern gate of the Azarah, Sha'ar Nikanor. Musicians stood on these steps while playing for the Simchas Beis ha'Sho'evah. (One of the reasons that the 15 Shir ha'Ma'alos in Tehilim were so called was because they were sung on these steps.) On either side of the steps were entrances to rooms under the Ezras Yisrael in which the musical instruments were stored and where the musicians and the choir practiced.

9) [line 53] SEFALIM - bowls
10) [line 54] PIRCHEI KEHUNAH - young Kohanim
11) [line 54] ME'AH V'ESRIM LOG - 120 Log, approximately 41.4 liters or 72 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions

1 Log = 6 Beitzim
1 Beitzah = approximately .0576 liters or .1 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions

12) [line 55] BELA'EI MICHNESEI KOHANIM - the worn out pants of the Kohanim
13) [line 55] HEMENEIHEN - their belts
14) [line 55] MAFKI'IN - they ripped or unraveled


15a) [line 2] KINOROS - harps or lutes
b) [line 3] NEVALIM - lyres
c) [line 3] MITZALTAYIM - cymbals
d) [line 3] CHATZOTZROS - trumpets
16) [line 8] SHA'AR HA'ELYON - the gate at the top of the steps, i.e. Sha'ar Nikanor, the eastern gate of the Azarah

17) [line 23] BINYAN HURDOS - the Beis ha'Mikdash built by King Herod who ruled between 37 - 4 BCE

18a) [line 23] SHISHA - grayish-brown marble (O.F. bis - grayish brown); alt. yellow marble or alabaster
b) [line 24] MARMARA - white marble

19) [line 24] KOCHALA - (a) bluish marble (RASHI); (b) black marble (RABEINU GERSHOM to Bava Basra 4a)

20) [line 24] APIK SAFAH V'AYIL SAFAH - one [row of stones] was protruding and the next [row] was sunken

21) [line 25] DEL'KABEL SIDA - in order that the plaster stay in place
22) [line 25] L'MISH'AYAN B'DAHAVA - to cover them with gold
23) [line 26] ADVUSA D'YAMA - the moving, surging sea
24) [line 27] DEYOPELUSTON SHEL ALEKSANDERIYA - the Great Synagogue of Alexandria, that was built as a double colonnade, under which there were raised stone platforms where the leaders of the congregation would sit.

25) [line 28] K'MIN BASILKI GEDOLAH - like a large basilica, a building with colonnades used as a meeting place for merchants and exchange, and as a forum

26) [line 28] STAV LIFNIM MI'STAV - a raised stone platform that was used as a bench upon which to sit. Two rows of such benches surrounded the inside wall

27) [line 29] KATADRA'OS - chairs with backs
28) [line 31] CHAZAN HA'KENESES - the sexton of the synagogue
29) [line 32] MENIF B'SUDAR - would wave a scarf, cloth
30a) [line 33] ZAHAVIN - goldsmiths
b) [line 33] KASAFIN - silversmiths
c) [line 33] NAPACHIN - iron smiths
d) [line 34] TARSIYIM - coppersmiths
e) [line 34] GARDIYIM - weavers
31) [line 36] ALEKSANDRUS MOKDON - (a) Alexander the Great; (b) according to the Vina Ga'on, the correct Girsa is TARKIYANUS - Trajan, Roman emperor (98- 117 CE)

32) [line 37] V'INHU HADUR ASU - and they did come back [to Egypt]
33) [line 38] HA'HU GAVRA - "that person"; (this is referring to himself, Alexander the Great or Trajan)

34) [line 39] DALYEI ZIKA - a wind rose [and carried the ships]
35) [line 41] CHALAKAH HAYESAH BA'RISHONAH - the walls of the Ezras Nashim were originally smooth

36) [line 41] GEZUZTERA - a board [used to build a balcony] (O.F. planches - boards)

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