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Sukah 47

SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.

1) [line 4] IKLA'U - happened to visit a Sukah together
2) [line 6] BERUCHEI LO BERICHEI - they did not recite the Berachah "Leishev ba'Sukah"

3) [line 8] ME'AFAR ASU - they came from a meadow, pasture-ground, where they had been for all of the first seven days of Sukos

4) [line 12] D'MARA D'SHEMA'ATA MANI? - for who is the teacher of the doctrine [regarding "Shemini Sefek Shevi'i]?"

5) [line 19] NISUCH HA'MAYIM
(a) One of the Mitzvos of the festival of Sukos in the Beis ha'Mikdash was the Nisuch ha'Mayim (water libation that is offered on the Mizbe'ach). Three Lugim (approx. 1.5 liter) of water were drawn from the Shilo'ach spring that is located to the south of the Temple Mount. The water was brought to the Azarah in a joyous procession, to fulfill the verse, "u'Sh'avtem Mayim b'Sason..." ("and you shall draw water with rejoicing..." - Yeshayah 12:3).
(b) The Kohen who was chosen to pour the water ascended the Mizbe'ach and poured the water from a golden flask into one of the Sefalim (the silver libation pipes located in the southwest corner of the Mizbe'ach). This took place each day of Sukos at the time of the morning Tamid sacrifice, amidst much rejoicing.

6) [line 37] SHIR - the Leviyim *sang chapters of Tehilim* while the Nesachim of a Korban Tzibur were being brought. They sang the same verses of Tehilim that we recite daily as the Shir Shel Yom (Tamid 6:7). On Mo'adim, special Chapters of Tehilim were substituted instead of these (Maseches Sofrim 18:2-3, 19:2). They also played musical instruments to accompany the singing. On Sukos, the songs referred to the harvest and to the gifts given to the poor; the song of Shemini Atzeres was of a different nature.

7) [line 37] BERACHAH - (a) a *blessing* was said for the king on Shemini Atzeres (Tosefta Sukah 4:10); (b) the *blessing* that is used during Tefilah and Birchas ha'Mazon on Shemini Atzeres contains the words "b'Yom ha'Shemini, Chag ha'Atzeres ha'Zeh," and not "b'Yom ha'Sukos ha'Zeh" (RASHI to Sukah 48a)

8) [line 37] LINAH
When a person offers a Korban, he must stay in Yerushalayim overnight. This is learned from the verse in Devarim 16:7.


9) [line 9] PESACH SHENI
If the Kohanim, the Klei Shares, or the majority of the Jewish people are Tamei Tum'as Mes on the 14th day of Nisan, the Korban Pesach is brought b'Tum'ah. Otherwise, those who are Tahor bring it b'Taharah while those individuals who are Tamei bring their Korban the following month on Pesach Sheni [the 14th day of Iyar] and eat it on the following evening.

10) [line 16] BIKURIM
(a) The Mitzvah of Bikurim consists of bringing the first fruits to emerge in one's field every year to the Beis ha'Mikdash. A Kohen takes the basket of fruit and places it at the base of the southeastern corner of the Mizbe'ach (Mishna Bikurim 2:3). The owner recites a specified declaration (Devarim 26:3,5-10), and the fruits are then given to the Kohen (Bikurim 3:8, 2:11).
(b) The Mitzvah of Bikurim applies only to the seven species with which the land of Eretz Yisrael was blessed (Devarim 8:8) -- wheat, barley, grapes, figs, pomegranates, olives and dates (Bikurim 3:6). (Although many other types of produce now grow in Eretz Yisrael, these are the *only* species of produce truly indigenous to Israel. Other, "immigrant," species can be destroyed by drought or harsh weather, but these 7 species will always be part of the land -- heard once from a leading botanist -MK.)
(c) In certain instances, the owner only brings the fruit, without reciting the declaration (Mevi v'Eino Korei). For example, if he brings them between Sukos and Chanukah, he does not recite the verses (see Gemara Pesachim 36b and Rashi there).

11) [line 16] TENUFAH
Waving portions of certain Korbanos and meal-offerings is called Tenufah; the Kohen, together with the owner of the Korban (when it is not a Korban Tzibur), waves them in all four directions and up and down (RASHI Menachos 62a DH Molich. TOSFOS to Sukah 37b DH Kedei, ponders whether all Tenufos were done in this fashion, or whether some Tenufos only required lifting and lowering).

12) [line 20] HANACHAH - placing the basket of Bikurim fruit at the base of the southeastern corner of the Mizbe'ach (Mishna Bikurim 2:3)

13) [line 23] HA'TENE - the basket [of fruit]

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