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Sukah 33

SUKAH 33 (Lag b'Omer) - Dedicated by Rabbi Yisroel Shaw in memory of his grandfather, Mr. Bernie Slotin (Dov Ber ben Moshe Mordechai z'l), whose soul ascended to its eternal resting place thirty days ago.

1) [line 1] ASA MATZRA'A - a Hadas that grow on the border of a field [that has plenty of room to grow, and as a result, seven leaves grow at each level]; (alt. ASA MITZ'RA'A - an Egyptian Hadas

2) [line 2] PASHU LEHU - there remain
3) [line 4] SHEM LEVAI - a qualifying title added to its name
4) [line 7] SHELOSHAH BADEI ALIN LACHIN - three branches with [three] moist leaves on top (see Insights for alternative explanations)

5) [line 10] ALSAH BO TEMARAH - if a fruit-like excretion grew on it, covering the top of the Hadas

6) [line 12] YESH DICHUY ETZEL MITZVOS (once a Mitzvah is suspended it is forever suspended)
(a) The concept of Dichuy applies to many Halachos in the Torah where a certain object is required for a Mitzvah or Korban. Some examples are limbs and blood of the Korbanos, blood of Kosher birds and wild animals that must be covered with dirt, live animals for Korbanos and objects used to perform Mitzvos.
(b) The question of Dichuy with regard to objects used to perform Mitzvos applies in two instances: 1. the object was only fit for use *after* the time that the Mitzvah first applied ("Dichuy me'Ikara"); and 2. the object was fit for use at the time that the Mitzvah first applied, later became unfit, and afterwards became fit again ("Nir'eh v'Nidcheh"). In the latter case the Dichuy is stronger.
(c) At this stage of the Gemara, Rebbi Yirmeyah ponders whether or not we rule that once an object is unfit for a Mitzvah (Dichuy me'Ikara) it is forever suspended from being used for that Mitzvah. For example, the Hadas was unfit for use on Erev Yom Tov because of Niktam Rosho. On Yom Tov, an excretion in the shape of a date grew on the Hadas, covering the Rosh Katum. Is the Hadas now fit for use or not?

(a) There is a Mitzvah to take four species on Sukos, as it states in the Torah (Vayikra 23:40). The four species are the Pri Etz Hadar (Esrog, citron), Kapos Temarim (Lulav, closed palm branch), Anaf Etz Avos (three Hadasim, myrtle branches) and Arvei Nachal (two Aravos, willow branches).
(b) There is an argument among the Tana'im as to whether three of the species (the Lulav, Hadasim and Aravos) must be tied together in an Eged (a bunch) in order to fulfill the Mitzvah. Those who rule that Lulav Tzarich Eged, learn this Halachah through a Gezerah Shavah between the verse of the four species and the verse of the Agudas Ezov (see Background to Sukah 11:13), using the word "u'Lekachtem" as the linking word. All opinions agree that l'Chatchilah the three species should be tied, since they look nicer that way (Gemara 11b).

8) [line 26] TA'ASEH V'LO MIN HE'ASUY (lit. You must bring something about and not depend upon the thing coming about by default)
There are certain Mitzvos for which a positive action must be done in order to prepare the object for the Mitzvah; the object cannot be prepared by default.

9) [line 31] B'MEILAF LULAV MI'SUKAH KA MIFLEGI - they argue as to whether or not we apply the rule "Ta'aseh v'Lo Min he'Asuy" (from the Halachos of Sukah) to the Lulav

10) [line 39] AGUDAS EZOV
The blood of the Korban Pesach that was slaughtered in Egypt was sprinkled on the lintel and the door-posts of the Jewish homes with a bundle of Ezov (hyssop), as mentioned in Shemos 12:22.

11) [line 44] RABEINU HA'GADOL - our great teacher, Rav
12) [line 44] VEHA'MAKOM YIHEYEH B'EZRO - and may he be granted Divine assistance


13) [line 1] MENUMAR - (O.F. tajez) speckled
14) [line 8] HAI DAM SHACHOR, ADOM HU, ELA SHE'LAKAH - black blood is really red blood that has changed color after it came out of the body

15) [line 9] MEKAMEI DEL'AGDEI - before he bound them together with the Lulav

16) [line 11] DICHUY ME'IKARA LO HEVEI DICHUY (The fact that an object to be used to perform a Mitzvah only becomes fit for use *after* the time that the Mitzvah first applies, does not invalidate that object) See above, entry #6.

17) [line 12] EGED HAZMANAH B'ALMA HU - its binding is merely a preparation [and it does not have the status of a Hadas designated for the Mitzvah of Netilas Lulav until it is actually used for the Mitzvah]

18) [line 14] D'ASHCHUR EIMAS? - when did the berries turn black?
19) [line 24] KA MESAKEN MANA - [by removing the berries] he is making a utensil ("Tikun Mana"), [which is prohibited on Yom Tov, since the Hadas becomes fit for Netilas Lulav]

(a) A Davar she'Eino Miskavein is an act which is done for a certain purpose (which can be accomplished without transgressing an Isur Torah), but which *may* result in an Isur Torah being inadvertently performed. Rebbi Yehudah prohibits performing such an action, since it may result in an Isur Torah. Rebbi Shimon disagrees, claiming that even though an Isur Torah may result from this action, since the Isur Torah will come about without intent, the action is permitted.
(b) The laws of a Davar she'Eino Miskaven (that it is permitted according to Rebbi Shimon or forbidden according to Rebbi Yehudah) apply only when it is not inevitable that an Isur Torah will occur as a result of one's action. However, when an Isur Torah will definitely occur as a result of one's action, it is known as a Pesik Reshei and is forbidden. For example, if a person cut the head off of a chicken on Shabbos and states that he had no intention to kill the animal but he merely wanted its blood to feed to his dogs, it is considered as though he had full intention to kill the animal since it was an inevitable outcome of his act, and he is Chayav.

21) [line 29] D'IS LEI HOSHANA ACHARISI - he has another Hadas [to use for Netilas Lulav]

22) [line 30] OGDO K'AGUDAH SHEL YEREK - he binds it like a bundle of vegetables [by wrapping the species with a string and tucking in the ends

23) [line 30] LI'ANVEI MI'ANAV - he could tie it with a bow
24) [line 37] TZAFTZEFAH - a type of willow with rounded leaves and a white stem
25) [line 38] BA'AL - a field that receives enough moisture from rain and does not have to be watered

26) [line 40] MASHUCH - elongated

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