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Sukah 25

SUKAH 21-25 - my brother Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored one month of Dafyomi publications for the benefit of Klal Yisrael

1) [line 1] BEIS SE'ASAYIM - a parcel of land in which two Se'ah of grain is normally planted, which is the area of the Azarah of the Mishkan, 50 by 100 Amos, approx. 1,152 square meters (12,400 square feet) or 1,659 square meters (17,856 square feet), depending upon the differing Halachic opinions

(a) An enclosed, non-residential area that is larger than a Beis Se'asayim (see previous entry) is called a "Karpaf Yoser mi'Beis Se'asayim she'Lo Hukaf l'Dirah." Karpifos are enclosed areas that are located outside of a settlement, used for storage and other such purposes. Lo Hukaf l'Dirah means that the enclosure around the Karpaf was not built for residential purposes.
(b) Since it is fully enclosed, any Karpaf is a Reshus ha'Yachid mid'Oraisa. A person who throws an object into it from Reshus ha'Rabim is Chayav. However, if it was not enclosed for residential purposes but for storage and the like, and it is also larger than a Beis Se'asayim, the Chachamim consider it a Karmelis and prohibit carrying in it more than a distance of four Amos lest people mistake it for a Reshus ha'Rabim.
(c) The Gemara concludes that if the area enclosed byh a tree's drooping branches is larger that a Beis Se'asayim, one may not carry objects under it more than a distance of four Amos, since the area it encloses is not used for residential purposes. Even if a watchman resides there, and it was specifically planted for this purpose, it is still not considered to be a residence since it is a "Dirah she'Tashmishah l'Avir," i.e. a residence the purpose of which is to service (guard) the open area surrounding it.

5) [line 3] TEL - a mound
6) [line 5] B'NEKA - (O.F. valede - a valley) in a crevice of a rock (RASHI); (b) in a ditch (ARUCH)

7) [line 7] KAMAH KETZURAH, V'SHIBOLOS MEKIFOS OSAH - stalks of grain that were cut leaving a clearing, with stalks that were ten Tefachim high left standing (uncut) at the perimeter

(a) A person is only allowed to walk a distance of 2000 Amos, approximately 960 meters (3147 feet) or 1,152 meters (3774 feet), depending upon the differing Halachic opinions, from his city or dwelling place (if he is not in a city) on Shabbos or Yom Tov. If he wants to walk another 2000 Amos, he must make an Eruv Techumin.
(b) This is accomplished by placing an amount of food that would be used for two meals nearly 2000 Amos away from his present location, in the direction in which he wishes to walk. The location where his food is placed is considered his new dwelling or *place of Shevisah* for that Shabbos or Yom Tov, and he may walk 2000 Amos in any direction from there.


10) [line 23] TZA'ARA D'MEMEILA - inevitable grief that comes from sitting in the Sukah; e.g. from heat, cold etc.

11) [line 24] IBA'I LEI L'YASUVEI DA'ATEI - he has to put his mind at ease
12) [line 26] SHOSHVININ - the best man and the groomsman appointed by the bride's family

13) [line 26] V'CHOL BENEI HACHUPAH - the wedding party
13) [line 27] L'MECHEDEI - to be happy
14) [line 27] V'LEICHLU BA'SUKAH...? - Could they not eat in the Sukah...?
15) [line 36] D'CHADI LIBA'I - that my heart rejoices

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