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Sukah 20

SUKAH 20 - Dedicated by Marsha and Lee Weinblatt of N.J., in honor of the 5th of Iyar

1a) [line 21] SHIFAH - (O.F. paveil) a kind of rush (a marsh or water-side plant with a slender, tapering, pith-filled stem). RASHI 16a translates this as the O.F. lesche. On this Daf, the translation of Cheilas is lesche. On 20b, the translation of Sha'am is paveil. Since these rush-like plants are related, there seems to be a printer's error with regard to the exact translation of each word.
b) [line 21] GEMI - (O.F. jonc) reed-grass, bulrush

2a) [line 22] KANIM - reeds
b) [line 22] CHEILAS - (O.F. lesche - sedge, a rush-like or flag-like plant that grows in wet places) the name of a reed

3a) [line 22] GEDULAH - plaited
b) [line 23] ARUGAH - woven
4) [line 26] CHOTZALOS - the Gemara below brings an argument as to the exact translation of this word

5) [line 27] TAMEI MES
(a) A k'Zayis of a Mes (corpse) is called "Avi Avos ha'Tumah" and is Metamei through Maga (contact), Masa (carrying), and Ohel (being in the same room).
(b) If a person or utensil becomes Tamei by touching a Mes, he must wait seven days to go to the Mikvah. On the third and seventh days, Mei Chatas (ashes of the Parah Adumah mixed in spring water) is sprinkled on the person or utensil. The water is sprinkled by means of three hyssops that have been bound together and dipped into the water. Afterwards, the person or utensil is immersed in a Mikvah to complete the purification process.

6) [line 28] MIDRAS
(a) A Zav who emits Zov two or three times, whether it is emitted in one day or in two or three consecutive days, is an Av ha'Tum'ah.
(b) He can cause objects that are under him to become Avos ha'Tum'ah whether he touches them or not. The objects become Tamei Midras (lit. an object that is treaded upon), otherwise known as Mishkav or Moshav ha'Zav (or the *Tachton*, of a Zav.) An object may become a Midras if it was made for lying, sitting, or leaning upon.
(c) A cloth must be at least three Tefachim square in order to become a Midras. A cloth that is smaller than this is Tahor due to its insignificance. Earthenware objects (Klei Cheres) cannot become Midras.
(d) A person who touches or carries a Midras is Tamei and is Metamei the clothes he is wearing and other utensils (except for earthenware utensils) that he is touching. He and the items he touches get the status of Rishon l'Tum'ah.
(e) Utensils or clothes that lie above the Zav also get the status of a Rishon l'Tum'ah, whether he touches them or not. These are called the *Elyon* of a Zav.

7) [line 31] MARZUVLEI - see next entry
8) [line 32] MAZBELEI - (O.F. bolzole) a sack in which a shepherd carries his food, and on which he sleeps

9) [line 34] "HAREINI KAPARAS REBBI CHIYA U'VANAV" - "The affliction that I suffer should be an atonement for the souls of Rebbi Chiya and his sons," an expression of honor towards one's father or Rebbi (see Shulchan Aruch Yoreh De'ah 240:9, 242:28 and Insights)

10) [last line] USHA - a city in the Galilee


11) [line 3] LEIKA D'YASIV ALEIHU - people do not usually sit on them
12) [line 4] MIKRI V'YASVEI ALAIHU - occasionally people do sit on them [and designate them for sitting]

13) [line 8] GEDANFA - a rim

14a) [line 9] SHA'AM - (O.F. paveil) a kind of rush (a marsh or water-side plant with a slender, tapering, pith-filled stem). See entry 1a, above
b) [line 9] GEMI - (O.F. jonc) reed-grass, bulrush
c) [line 9] SAK - a sack made of goats' hair
d) [line 9] SEFIRA - horsehair cut from the horse's mane and tail
15) [line 12] KINTA D'FEIREI - a wrapper for baling fruit
16) [line 13] GULKEI V'TZANEI - haversacks, long pouches used as receptacles for grain and dried legumes

17) [line 15] PERASEI - curtains
18) [line 15] NIFVASA - sieves
19) [line 16] NIZYASA - brewing vats
20) [line 23] BUDYA - a mat of reeds
21) [line 26] KIR - a rim


22) [line 41] CHARERUHU - hollowed it out
23) [line 42] SHE'ACHALATU MALACHAS - [a cave] formed by saline corrosion
24) [line 42] MIDVACH AVANIM - a row of stones to be used in the construction of a building
25) [line 43] SAVAR SHEL KOROS - a pile of beams

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