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Sukah 8

1) [line 1] RIBU'A - a square
2) [line 2] KAMAH MERUBA YESER AL HA'IGUL? REVI'A! - how much is the perimeter of a square greater than the circumference of a circle (whose diameter is the same length as the side of the square)? One fourth (of the perimeter of the square which is one third of the circumference of the circle)! (See Insights; see Graphic to Eruvin 76.)

3a) [line 3] IGULA D'NAFIK MIGO RIBU'A - a circle that is inscribed inside a square
b) [line 4] RIBU'A D'NAFIK MIGO IGULA - a square that is inscribed inside a circle

4) [line 6] MURSHA D'KARNASA - the projections of the corners
5) [line 6] KOL AMSA B'RIBU'A, AMSA U'TREI (CHUMSHA) [CHUMSHEI] B'ALACHSONA - for every Amah along each side of a square the diagonal increases by one and two-fifths of an Amah

6) [line 8] SHIVSAR NAKI (CHUMSHEI) [CHUMSHA] - 17 less a fifth, i.e. 16 4/5 The diagonal of a square with a side of four Amos is 4 X 1 2/5 = 4 8/5 = 5 3/5 Amos
The circumference of a circle with a diameter of 5 3/5 Amos is 3 X 5 3/5 = 15 9/5 = 16 4/5 Amos (using 3 as the rounded value of pi)

7) [line 13] KAMAH HAVAH LEHU? SHITSAR! - how much of a circumference do the 24 people make up? 16 Amos!


8) [line 3] YOTZRIM - potters
10) [line 9] SUKAH MIKOL MAKOM - "any Sukah at all"
11) [line 14] KAYATZIM - watchmen, who guard the cut figs ("Ketzi'os") which are laying in the field to dry

12) [line 14] BURGANIN - watchmen who guard the city

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