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Sukah 4

1) [line 1] V'AF AL GAV D'VATLINHU [L'CHULHU] - even though he expressly nullified all of the items (thus making them part of the ground of the Sukah)

2) [line 1] BATLAH DA'ATO ETZEL KOL ADAM - his intention is nullified by the conduct of all people (that is, nobody has intention to leave sheets and pillows as part of the ground, and therefore when he expressly nullifies them, his intention is ineffective)..

3) [line 10] HUTZIN - the branches of the Sechach (which extend into the Sukah and which are prickly)

4) [line 14] DIRAH SERUCHAH - an uninhabitable dwelling
5) [line 16] ITZTEVA - a raised platform
6) [line 18] HECHSHER SUKAH - the minimum qualifications to be a valid Sukah (three walls enclosing an area of at least 7 X 7 Tefachim)

7) [line 22] DOFEN AKUMAH
Literally, "a bent wall;" this is an Halachic mechanism whereby a wall is viewed as bending over to meet another plane (the roof of the Sukah), under the condition that the roof is within four Amos of the wall. Through this mechanism, a Sukah is valid even if the perimeter of the Sechach (up to four Amos in width) is composed of material that is invalid for Sechah.

8) [line 23] SHE'NIFCHAS - broken (the roof of a house was broken)
9) [line 26] D'CHAZYA L'DOFEN - it is fit to be a wall
10) [line 29] B'EMTZE'ISAH - in the middle of the Sukah, away from the walls
11) [line 35] CHAKAK - he dug out


If the distance between two partitions is less than three Tefachim, then the mechanism of "Levud" takes effect to join the two partitions into one

13) [line 5] L'SHAVUYEI L'DOFEN - to make it into a valid wall

14) [line 8] GUD ASIK
A principle which states that an existing wall is viewed to continue upwards, creating a partition even though there is no physical wall there

15) [line 10] KUNDEISIN - pegs

16) [line 31] DEYOMAD (PASEI BIRA'OS)
Lit. "two pillars" ("Diyo Amudin"); an L-shaped stand which has two sides perpendicular to each other, each of which is at least one Tefach long. When four such stands are placed at the four corners of a given area, that area is considered to be enclosed by partitions, for each Deyomad -- with its two sides -- is like two Mechitzos. This is the principle whereby the Rabanan permitted carrying on Shabbos within "Pasei Bira'os;" by viewing the area within these pillars as a single Reshus ha'Yachid, the Rabanan permitted the wayfarers to draw water from the well within the area surrounded by the four Deyomadim.

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