REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sotah 40
(a) In the context of Duchening, when do the Tzibur say the three Pesukim in
Tehilim "Hinei Chi-Chein Yevorach Gaver Yerei Hashem"; "Yevarech'cha Hashem
mi'Tziyon, u'Re'ei be'Tuv Yerushalayim Kol Yemei Chayecha"; "u'Re'ei Vanim
le'Vanecha Shalom al Yisrael"?
(b) According to Rav Yosef, the Tzibur recite one of the three Pesukim (in
each of the above respective groups) after each B'rachah.
What does Rav
(c) In another Machlokes, Rav Mari or Rav Z'vid maintains that they recited
one Pasuk after each B'rachah.
What does the other one say?
(a) According to Rebbi Chiya bar Aba, the Tzibur only recite these Pesukim
in the Beis-Hamikdash, but not elsewhere.
Why is that?
(b) How does Rav Chanina bar Papa prove that it is wrong to recite them even
in the Beis Hamikdash?
(c) And how does Rav Acha bar Chanina prove that one should even recite them
outside the Beis-Hamikdash?
(d) Why did Rebbi Avahu initially teach that one should not recite any of
the above Pesukim?
(a) What did the wife of Rebbi Avahu's Meturgeman tell Rebbi Avahu's wife?
(b) How did Rebbi Avahu respond to this when his wife told him about it?
(c) This led him to believe that he was humble, until he saw the humility of
Rebbi Aba from Acco.
What did Rebbi Aba from Acco do that caused Rebbi
Avahu to change his mind?
(d) Why did Rebbi Avahu decline to accept the post of Rosh Yeshivah?
(a) What happened once when Rebbi Avahu and Rebbi Chiya bar Aba arrived at a
(b) What parable did Rebbi Avahu give (regarding two salesmen) to raise a
depressed Rebbi Chiya bar Aba's spirits?
(c) What did he do in an additional attempt to pacify Rebbi Chiya bar Aba?
(d) Did he succeed fully?
(a) Whilst the Shatz is saying 'Modim', there are a host of opinions as to
what the Tzibur say. According to Rav, they say 'Modim Anachnu Lach, Hashem
Elokeinu ... ', Shmuel adds 'Elokei Chol Basar ... ', until Rav Acha bar
Ya'akov, who adds 'Kein Techaneinu u'Sechaneinu ... '.
What do all the
opinions have in common?
(b) What is Rav Papa's final ruling?
(a) What does Rebbi Yitzchak extrapolate from the obligation of the Kohanim
to face the people, even though it means turning their backs to the
Answers to questions
(b) How does Rav Nachman extrapolate the same thing from the Pasuk in Divrei
Hayamim "va'Yakam ha'Melech David al Raglav, va'Yomer Shim'uni *Achai
(c) The Rabbanan thought to extrapolate the same from the Beraisa which
forbids the Kohanim to wear shoes when going up to Duchen (one of the ten
Takanos of Raban Yochanan ben Zakai). What might that have to do with Kavod
(d) Rav Ashi refutes their proof, however.
What does he consider the real
reason for the prohibition?
(a) Why did the Kohanim not pause between one B'rachah and the next during
the three B'rachos of Birchas Kohanim?
(b) What does the Tana of the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Nechemyah ...
- ... "Kumu u'Varchu es Hashem Elokeichem min ha'Olam ve'Ad ha'Olam"?
- ... "vi'Yevarchu Sheim Kevodecha u'Meromam al Kol B'rachah u'Sehilah"?
(a) Before the Kohen Gadol Leined on Yom-Kipur, a small ceremony would take
place. The Chazan ha'K'nesses would take the Seifer-Torah (that Ezra had
written) and hand it to the Rosh ha'K'nesses.
Who was the ...
(b) The Rosh ha'K'nesses did not hand it directly to the Kohen Gadol.
- ... Chazan ha'K'nesses?
- ... Rosh ha'K'nesses?
whom did he hand it?
(c) Which two Parshiyos did the Kohen Gadol Lein?
(d) What did he then do with the Sefer-Torah?
(a) What announcement did the Kohen Gadol make before proceeding to Lein by
(b) Why did he ...
(c) Which Parshah did he Lein by heart?
- ... do that?
- ... Lein by heart?
(a) How many B'rachos did the Kohen Gadol recite after Leining?
Why is there no proof from the Tana of our Mishnah, who obligates the Chazan
ha'K'nesses to hand the Sefer-Torah to the Rosh ha'K'nesses, who, in turn,
hands it to the S'gan (in the presence of the Kohen Gadol), that one shows
deference to one's superior in the presence of a common Rav?
(b) After the B'rachah following Leining ('Asher Nasan Lanu Toras Emes ...
'), he would recite the B'rachah of Avodah and that of Hodayah.
grounds was it necessary to include the latter?
(c) And he added a B'rachah on the Mikdash and one on Yisrael.
B'rachos did he finally recite?
(a) What is the problem with the Mishnah, which states 've'Kohen Gadol Omed
u'Mekabel ve'Korei', implying that he had been sitting?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Shmuel "va'Yavo ha'Melech David
ve'Yeishev Lifnei Hashem"?
(c) What was the reason for this preferential treatment?
(a) According to the Tana Kama of the Beraisa, the Kohen Gadol Leined in the
Answers to questions
What does Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov learn from the Pasuk in
Nechemyah "va'Yikra Bo Lifnei ha'Rechov Asher Lifnei Sha'ar ha'Mayim"?
(b) How does Rav Chisda interpret 'the Azarah' of the Tana Kama (also
answering our previous Kashya [with regard to Kohen Gadol sitting in the