REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sotah 11
SOTAH 11 - Dedicated in memory of Max (Meir Menachem ben Shlomo ha'Levy)
Turkel, whose Yahrzeit is 5 Teves, by his wife Jean and sons Eddie and
(a) Why do we need to say that when Avshalom put up a monument because he
had no children, he meant that he had no children who were fit to reign?
(b) We resolve the discrepancy by referring to a tradition which tragically,
(c) Whose produce did Avshalom burn?
(a) The Tana of our Mishnah says 've'Chein le'Inyan Hatavah'.
problem do we have with this?
(b) Rava rejects Abaye's suggestion, that what the Tana really meant to say
was 'u'le'Inyan Hatavah Eino Kein', because we cannot amend a Mishnah by
changing positive into negative or vice-versa.
So how does he explain
've'Chein le'Inyan Hatavah'?
(c) The Pasuk writes in Sh'mos "Va'teisatzav Achoso me'Rachok Le'dei'ah Mah
What do all the words in the Pasuk have in common?
(a) Rav and Shmuel argue over the Pasuk in Sh'mos "Va'yakam Melech Chadash
al Mitzrayim". One of them interprets "Chadash" literally.
On what grounds
does the other one explain it to mean that it was his decrees that were
renewed, but that it was the same Par'oh as before?
(b) How does this opinion explain the Pasuk "Asher Lo Yada es Yosef"?
(c) The Torah writes "u've'Cha u've'Amcha u've'Chol Avadecha ... ".
was Par'oh punished first?
(d) By which plague is this Pasuk written?
(a) "Havah Nischakmah Lo".
Why did Par'oh say "Lo" (in the singular) and
not "Lahem" (in the plural), seeing as he was referring to the whole of
(b) Why did he reject the idea of destroying Yisrael by fire or by the
(c) So he decided to drown the Jewish babies.
What made him think that
Hashem would not be able to retaliate?
(d) He erred on two scores however.
What were they?
(a) How do we explain the Pasuk in Yisro "Ki ba'Davar Asher Zadu Aleihem"?
How do we interpret the word "Zadu"?
(b) We list three people who participated in the plot against Yisrael.
What role was played by ...
(c) Among the descendants of Yisro were the disciples of Ya'avatz, a
distinguished Torah scholar who had many disciples (as the Torah writes in
Divrei Hayamim "Heimah ha'Keinim" - and "Keini" refers to Yisro).
- ... Bil'am and what was his punishment?
- ... Iyov and what happened to him?
- ... Yisro and what was his reward?
the Pasuk describe them as ...
(d) And why were they called Mishpachas Sofrim?
- ... "Tar'asim" (besides the fact that they heard the Teru'ah [the tone of the Shofar] at Har Sinai)?
- ... "Shema'atim"?
- ... "Sochsim"?
(a) What did Par'oh mean when he said (with regard to K'lal Yisrael)
"ve'Nilcham Banu Ve'alu min ha'Aretz"?
(b) Why does the Torah write ...
(c) What would the Egyptians say to any Jew who claimed that he was too
finicky to work?
- ... "Va'yasimu Alav Sarei Misim", and not "Va'yasimu Aleihem Sarei Misim"?
- ... "Lema'an Anoso be'Sivlosam", and not "Lema'an Anosam be'Sivlosam"?
(a) Rav and Shmuel argue over the Pasuk "Va'yiven *Arei Miskenos*
le'Far'oh". One of them translates it as 'cities that endangered', because
all building work is dangerous.
Answers to questions
What is the second explanation of 'cities
(b) The other one translates it as cities that 'impoverish', because such is
the nature of the building profession.
What is the second explanation of
(c) They also argue over Pisom and Ra'amses. According to one of them, the
real name of the city was Pisom, and they called it Ra'amses because as they
built part of it, it would fall (presumably due to the inferior building
materials with which the Egyptians supplied them).
What does the other one
(a) Why does the Torah write "ve'Cha'asher Ye'anu Osam Kein Yirbeh ve'Chein
Yifrotz" and not "Kein Rabah ve'Chein Paratz"?
(b) What is the meaning of "Va'yakutzu Mipnei B'nei Yisrael"?
(c) The Torah writes "Va'ya'avidu Mitzrayim es B'nei Yisrael be'Farech".
Some explain "be'Farech" literally (bi'P'richah - to break them).
others explain it?
(d) How do we explain ...
- ... the discrepancy between the two Pesukim "Va'yemareru es Chayeihem ... be'Chomer u'vi'Leveinim" and " ... u've'Chol Avodah ba'Sadeh"?
- ... "es Kol Avodasam Asher Avdu Bahem *be'Farech*"? How do those who previously explained "be'Farech as 'be'Feh Rach' explain it?
(a) Yisrael were redeemed from Egypt on the merits of the righteous women of
that generation (who remained totally faithful to their husbands).
they manage to entice their battered husbands to have children? Where did
they obtain the fish with which they fed them?
(b) What was their direct reward for this?
(c) What does the Pasuk in Tehilim "Tachas ha'Tapu'ach Orartich" teach us?
(a) Who cleaned the Jewish babies (that were born in the fields) and made
them look nice after they were born?
(b) What is the significance of the Pasuk ...
(c) What does this have to do with the Pasuk in Beshalach "Zeh Keili
- ... in Ha'azinu "Va'yeinikeihu D'vash mi'Sela, ve'Shemen me'Chalmish Tzur"?
- ... in Tehilim "al-Gabi Charshu Chorshim"?
- ... in Yechezkel "Revavah ke'Tzemach ha'Sadeh Nesatich ... "?
- ... " ... Va'tirbi, Va'tig'deli Va'tavo'i ba'Adi Adayim"? How should we explain the words "ba'Adi Adayim"?
(a) Rav and Shmuel argue again over the identity of the two Jewish midwives
in Egypt. One of them says that it was a woman and her daughter, the other,
a woman and her daughter-in-law.
Who were the ...
(b) The Beraisa supports the first opinion. One opinion there holds that
Yocheved was called Shifrah because she used to make the babies look nice,
and Miriam was called Pu'ah because her job was to soothe the babies when
- ... woman and her daughter?
- ... woman and her daughter-in-law?
What is the second reason that ...
(c) "u'Re'isen al ha'Avnayim" means a birth-stool.
- ... Yocheved was called Shifrah?
- ... Miriam was called Pu'ah?
What other connotation
does ''ha'Avnayim" have?
(d) What sign did Par'oh give the midwives that they should know immediately
whether the baby was a boy or a girl? What was the purpose of this sign?
(a) What do we learn from the fact the Torah writes "ve'Lo Asu Ka'asher
Diber *Aleihen* Melech Mitzrayim" (rather than "Lahen")?
(b) And what do we learn from the Pasuk "Va'techayena es ha'Yeladim"?
(c) Besides informing Par'oh that the Jewish women were too lively, and gave
birth before they even arrived, what did the midwives mean when they told
Par'oh that they were not killing the babies "Ki Chayos Heinah"?
(d) How about those tribes by whom Ya'akov did not mention any animal?
(a) For fearing G-d more than Par'oh, Hashem made them houses. Here too, Rav
and Shmuel state two opinions. One of them says 'houses of Kehunah and
Levi'ah', the other, houses of kingship (though this does not appear to be a
matter of dispute).
Answers to questions
Who is meant by ...
(b) What do we learn from the Pesukim in Divrei Hayamim "Va'Tamas Azuvah
Va'yikach Lo Kalev es Efras" and "ve'David Ben Ish Efrasi"?
- ... houses of Kehunah and Levi'ah?
- ... houses of kingship?
(c) The Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim lists the children of Kalev ben Chetzron.
Why then, in Sh'lach-Lecha, does the Torah refer to him as "Kalev ben
(d) And how do we reconcile this with a Pasuk in Shoftim, which refers to
Osni'el ben K'naz as Kalev's brother, suggesting that Kalev's father was
K'naz? How do we prove this from another Pasuk in Yehoshua?