REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
SOTAH 2 - Today's Dafim are dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas Malka bas Menashe
Krause, mother of Gitle Bekelnitzky, Fred Krause and Fran Vogel. During very
difficult times, under both material and spiritual duress, she and her
husband raised their children in the spirit of our fathers, imbuing them
with a love for Torah and Yiddishkeit. Her home was always open to the
needy, even when her family did not have enough to feed themselves.
***** Perek ha'Mekane *****
(a) What is 'Kinuy'?
(b) Rebbi Eliezer and Rebbi Yehoshua agree that 'Kinuy' requires two
What does Rebbi Eliezer mean when he says 'u'Mashkeh al-Pi Eid
(c) What does Rebbi Yehoshua say?
(d) If a husband warns his wife in front of witnesses 'Do not speak with
so-and-so!', subsequently speaking with him does not render her a Sotah.
(a) The Torah writes three times "ve'Nitme'ah" in Naso with regard to a
What are the ramifications of these three words?
(b) What happens to a Sotah if her husband dies, leaving a brother but no
(a) Rebbi placed Sotah after Nazir due to another statement of his.
(b) Then why did he change the order in which they appear in the Torah
(Sotah first and then Nazir)?
(c) And why did he place Nedarim after Kesuvos?
(d) The Tana of our Mishnah uses the Lashon 'ha'Mekane' (a Lashon of
Bedi'eved) because he holds that Lechatchilah, one should not set the
process of Sotah into motion.
(a) What does ...
(b) What does "ba'Kosharos" mean?
- ... Resh Lakish learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Ki Lo Yanu'ach Sheivet ha'Resha al Goral ha'Tzadikim"?
- ... Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan learn from the Pasuk there "Elokim Moshiv Yechidim Baysah Motzi Asirim ba'Kosharos"?
(c) How does Rav reconcile Resh Lakish's statement with his own; namely,
that already forty days before a man is born, a Heavenly Voice announces
'Bas P'loni li'Ploni'?
(d) We just quoted Rav Yehudah Amar Rav, who said 'Arba'im Yom Kodem
Yetziras ha'V'lad Bas-Kol Yotzeis ve'Omeres Bas P'loni li'Ploni'.
we know from here that a man's first wife is not necessarily a reflection of
(a) Even Rebbi Yehoshua in our Mishnah, who requires two witnesses for both
the 'Kinuy' and the 'S'tirah', will agree that when it comes to the actual
act of adultery, even one witness will suffice, as we will see later in
Answers to questions
What are the ramifications of this observation?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Shoftim "Lo Yakum Eid *Echad*
(c) In light of this, what is the meaning of the Pasuk (written in
connection with the Tum'ah of Sotah) "ve'Eid Ein Bah"?
(d) If there is one witness that she sinned, does the woman receive her
(a) If not for the Pasuk "Lo Yakum Eid *Echad* be'Ish", we would have
explained the Pasuk "ve'Eid Ein Bah" to mean that there wasn't even one
What is the problem with saying that?
(b) Why do we at first think that the Pasuk could not be coming to teach us
the inference, that one witness is not believed, but that two are required?
(c) So how *would* we have explained the Pasuk? Why would it have
nevertheless been necessary to teach us that one witness is not believed?
(d) But how could we have explained "ve'Eid Ein Bah" as a leniency, when the
phrase that follows "ve'Hi Lo Nispasah" clearly intimates a Chumra?
(a) What does Rebbi Yehoshua extrapolate from the Pasuk "ve'Eid Ein *Bah*"?
(b) Rebbi Eliezer makes the inference "Bah", 've'Lo be Kinuy'. He does add
"Bah", 've'Lo bi'S'tirah', like Rebbi Yehoshua.
What reason do we
initially suggest for this?
(c) Considering that in fact, both Kinuy and S'tirah are compared to Tum'ah
("ve'Kinei es Ishto, ve'Nisterah ve'Hi Nitma'ah"), and by Tum'ah, one
witness will certainly suffice, on what basis do we preclude Kinuy from the
Din of Tum'ah (to insist on two witnesses), and not S'tirah?
(d) Why can we not answer that S'tirah is more comparable to Tum'ah because
it forbids her like Tum'ah?
(a) The author of our Mishnah cannot be Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah in the
name of Rebbi Eliezer.
What does he Darshen from "ve'Eid Ein *Bah*?
(b) What does he learn from the Hekesh "ve'Nisterah ve'Hi Nitma'ah"?
(a) What did the Chachamim mean when they asked Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah
'Ein le'Davar Sof'?
(b) Why is this Kashya not really confined to Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah in
the name of Rebbi Eliezer?
(c) On which of the two is the Kashya stronger?
(d) So how do we amend Rebbi Yochanan's statement 'Af le'Divrei Rebbi Yossi
b'Rebbi Yehudah Ein le'Davar Sof'?
(a) On what grounds did Rebbi Chanina from Sura say that nowadays, one
should not warn one's wife about secluding herself with a specific man?
(b) How do Resh Lakish and Rav Yeimar bar Shalmaya Amar Abaye both define
(c) What can we extrapolate from this definition?
(a) According to Resh Lakish it is so-called because it causes others to
become angry with her.
Answers to questions
Like which of the above Tana'im must he then hold?
(b) According to Rav Yeimar bar Shalmaya in the name of Abaye, it is
so-called because it causes her husband to become angry with her.
which opinion does he hold?