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Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld

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Sotah 27

SOTAH 26,27,29,30 - These Dafim have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham-Fauer in honor of the first Yahrzeit (18 Teves 5761) of her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner). May the merit of supporting and advancing the study of the Talmud be l'Iluy Nishmaso.


(a) (Shmuel): It is better to marry a woman of ill repute than to marry her daughter.
1. (One can know that) the woman comes from proper parents; her daughter may come from a Nochri or Mamzer.
(b) (R. Yochanan): It is better to marry her daughter than the woman (of ill repute).
1. (Provided that) the daughter acts properly - but the mother is acting improperly.
(c) Question (against R. Yochanan - Beraisa): One may marry a woman of ill repute.
1. Counter-question (Rava): Obviously, this is wrong - one should not marry her Lechatchilah!
2. Answer: Rather, it should say, if he married her, he may remain married.
(d) Answer: Since the Beraisa must be altered, we can alter it to say that one may marry the daughter of a woman of ill repute.
(e) The law is, it is better to marry her daughter than the woman (of ill repute).
1. (Rav Tachlifa bar Ma'arava): A married woman that has relations with others, her children are Kesherim - we may assume most of her relations were with her husband.
(f) Question (Rav Amram): What if she is exceedingly licentious?
1. According to the opinion that a woman usually becomes pregnant the day before she was due to menstruate, clearly, her children are forbidden (they are probably from another man).
2. The question is according to the opinion that a woman usually becomes pregnant the day after immersing (from after being a Nidah).
i. Do we say, her husband guards her that day, to ensure that she will not become pregnant from another man?
ii. Or, since she is so licentious, he cannot guard her?
(g) This question is unresolved.
(a) (Mishnah): Beis Din warns ...
(b) (Beraisa): "A man, a man" - this teaches that Beis Din warns the wife of a deaf man, lunatic or bewildered man, or a man that went overseas or is imprisoned;
(c) If she is secluded, she (becomes forbidden and) forfeits her Kesuvah, but she cannot drink - "The man will bring his wife";
1. R. Yosi says, he can make her drink when he returns.
(d) Question: On what do they argue?
(e) Answer: Chachamim hold, we require "He will warn ... (the same) he will bring (to drink): R. Yosi does not require this.
(f) (Beraisa): A woman that will stray under her husband - this equates the wife to the husband, and the husband to the wife.
(g) Question: What do we learn from this?
(h) Answer #1 (Rav Sheshes): Just as a blind man's wife does not drink - "It was hidden from her husband's eyes" - also, if she is blind, she does not drink.
(i) Answer #2 (Rav Ashi): Just as a lame woman or a woman without hands does not drink - "He will stand the woman in front of Hash-m and put (the Minchah) on her hands" - also, the wife of a lame or handless man does not drink;

(j) Answer #3 (Mar bar Rav Ashi): Just as a mute woman does not drink - "The woman says Amen, Amen" - the wife of a mute man does not drink.


(a) (Mishnah): Just as the water checks her, it also checks him - "(The water) will come, will come".
(b) R. Akiva says, just as she is forbidden to her husband (until she drinks), she is forbidden to the suspected adulterer - "She was defiled; and she was defiled";
1. R. Yehoshua: Zecharyah ben ha'Katzav also expounded thusly;
2. Rebbi says, it says "She was defiled" twice; this teaches, she is (permanently) forbidden to her husband and to the suspected adulterer.
(a) (Continuation of Mishnah): On that day (when R. Eliezer ben Azaryah became Nasi, and all were permitted to enter the Beis Midrash) R. Akiva taught: "Any earthenware vessel that (a rodent) will fall into, any food in the vessel Yitma (will become Tamei)" - the Torah chose the word Yitma, for this can be read Yitamei (will impart Tum'ah);
1. This teaches that a loaf which is 2nd degree Tamei (i.e. it was touched by a 1st degree Tum'ah (something which touched a source of Tum'ah)) makes other foods 3rd degree Tamei.
2. R. Yishmael: R. Yochanan ben Zakai was concerned that later generations would say that there is no 3rd degree of Tum'ah (i.e. what a 2nd degree Tum'ah touches remains Tahor), for we have no verse teaching this; R. Akiva, his Talmid, found a verse!
(b) On that day, R. Akiva taught: "You will measure 2000 Amos outside the city, to the east..."; another verse contradicts this - "1000 Amos from the wall of the city"!
1. The resolution - 1000 Amos is left vacant; 2000 Amos is the boundary within which one is allowed to walk on Shabbos;
2. R. Eliezer, son of R. Yosi ha'Galili says, 1000 Amos is left vacant; the second 1000 Amos are for fields and vineyards.
(c) On that day, R. Akiva taught: "Then Moshe and Benei Yisrael (sang) ... and they said, saying" - the word "Saying" is extra!
1. It teaches, after Moshe sang each segment, Benei Yisrael answered, just as a congregation answers when the Chazan sings Hallel;
2. R. Nechemyah says, as a congregation answers Shema Yisrael, not as Hallel.
(d) On that day, R. Yehoshua ben Hurkenus taught: Iyov served Hash-m out of love - "If Hash-m would kill me, Lo (to him) I will hope";
1. This is not a proof - perhaps we understand the word Lo to mean, 'not'!
2. "Until I expire, my purity will not veer from me" - this teaches that he served from love.
3. R. Yehoshua: R. Yochanan ben Zakai always taught that Iyov served from fear - "A pure man, straight, G-d fearing, that veers from evil" - his Talmid taught that he served from love!
(e) (Gemara) Question: The Mishnah says, the water also checks him - to whom does this refer?
1. Suggestion: If it means, her husband - what did he do wrong, that he should be punished?
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