POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Sotah 10
SOTAH 10 (5 Teves) - has been dedicated to the memory of Max (Meir
Menachem) Turkel on his Yahrzeit by his children Eddie and Lawrence and
their children, and by his wife Jean Turkel/Rafalowicz.
(a) Question: "And the child grew, and Hash-m blessed him" -
in what was he blessed?
2) SPECIAL GIFTS
(b) Answer (Rav Yehudah): His Ever was as big as a man; his
semen was as a gushing river.
(c) (Rav): "Hash-m, remember me ... I will take 1 vengeance,
from my 2 eyes, on the Pelishtim" - remember the 20 years
I judged Yisrael, and I never told one of them to
transport my staff for me.
(d) Question: "Shimshon captured 300 foxes" - why
(e) Answer (R. Aibo bar Negdi): A fox flees backwards, it is
fitting to punish the Pelishtim that went back on their
(f) (Beraisa - R. Shimon ha'Chasid): Shimshon's shoulders
spanned 60 Amos, for he carried the doors of the Azah
gate on his shoulders.
1. We have a tradition, the doors are 60 Amos wide.
(g) (R. Yochanan): "He Tochen (would grind) in the jail" -
Tochen is a language of relations.
1. Everyone brought his wife to become pregnant from
(h) (R. Yochanan): Any man that has extramarital relations,
his wife has extramarital relations under him.
2. (Rav Papa): This is as people say - put wine before
a wine-drinker, put vegetables before a gardener.
1. "If my heart was enticed on a woman, if I waited by
the door of my fellow man" - then another will
"(Seek relations with) my wife".
(i) (R. Yochanan): Shimshon judged Yisrael as Hash-m - "Dan
will judge his people as One (the lone judge)".
2. This is as people say - he is in the big gourds, she
is in the small gourds.
(j) (R. Yochanan): Shimshon was called on Hash-m's name -
"Hash-m is a Shemesh (sun) and shield".
(k) Question: If so, it should be forbidden to erase the word
(l) Correction: Rather, it is akin to a name of Hash-m.
(m) Just as Hash-m shields over the whole world, Shimshon
shielded over Yisrael in his generation.
(n) (R. Yochanan): Bil'am was lame in 1 foot - "He went Shefi
(in a lowly way)"; Shimshon was lame in both feet -
(a) (Beraisa): 5 people were created with a semblance Hash-m
- all 5 were stricken through this - Shimshon in his
strength, Shaul in his neck, Avshalom in his hair,
Tzidkiyahu in his eyes, and Asa in his legs.
3) YEHUDAH AND TAMAR
1. Shimshon was stricken in his strength - "His
strength left him".
(b) Question (Mar Zutra brei d'Rav Nachman): What is this
2. Shaul in his neck - "Shaul took the sword and fell
on it (at his neck);
3. Avshalom in his hair - this will be explained later.
4. Tzidkiyahu in his eyes - "He blinded Tzidkiyahu's
5. Asa in his legs - "When he grew old, his legs fell
i. (Rav Yehudah): He was stricken by Pedagra (a
sickness which makes the toes hurt).
(c) Answer (Rav Nachman): As a needle in living flesh.
1. Question: How did Rav Nachman know?
(d) (Rava): Asa was punished because he used Chachamim to
make war - "Asa alerted all of Yehudah, no one was clean
2. Answer #1: He himself suffered from this.
3. Answer #2: He had a tradition from his Rebbi.
4. Answer #3: Secrets of Hash-m are made known to those
that fear him.
(e) Question: What does it mean, "No one was exempt"?
(f) Answer (Rav Yehudah): Even a bride and groom that just
(a) Contradiction: It says, "Shimshon descended to Timnah",
and it says "Your father-in-law (Yehudah) is ascending to
(b) Answer #1 (R. Elazar): Since Shimshon was disgraced
there, it says that he descended; since Yehudah was
elevated through what happened there, it says that he
(c) Answer #2 (R. Shmuel bar Nachmani): There are 2 places
called Timnah - one is on a hill, one is in a valley.
(d) Answer #3 (Rav Papa): Timnah is on a slope - Shimshon
came from the top, and Yehudah came from the bottom.
(e) Question: "(Tamar) sat b'Fesach Einayim (opening of
eyes)" - what is this?
(f) Answer #1 (R. Aleksandri): The doorway of Avraham, the
place all eyes long for.
(g) Answer #2 (R. Chanin): There was a place called Einayim;
she sat at the entrance.
(h) Answer #3 (R. Shmuel bar Nachmani): She gave eyes
(justifications) to her words.
1. Yehudah: Maybe you are a Nachris!
(i) (Reish Lakish): "(Avraham) planted an Eshel in Be'er
Sheva" - he planted an orchard with delicacies.
2. Tamar: No, I am a convert.
3. Yehudah: Maybe you are married!
4. Tamar: No, I am single.
5. Yehudah: Maybe your father betrothed you to a man!
6. Tamar: No, I am an orphan.
7. Yehudah: Maybe you are a Nidah!
8. Tamar: No, I am Tehorah.
1. R. Yehudah and R. Nechemyah argued - one said, Eshel
is an orchard; the other said, it is an inn.
(j) (Reish Lakish): "va'Yikra (Avraham called) there in the
name of Hash-m, L-rd of the world" - this should be read
va'Yakri (he made call).
2. If it means 'orchard', the language "Planted" is
3. Question: If it means 'inn' - why does it say he
4. Answer: We find such a language elsewhere - "He will
plant the tents of his palace".
4) THE JUDGMENT OF TAMAR
1. He made all passers-by call in Hash-m's name.
(k) Question: "Yehudah saw (Tamar); he thought she was a
harlot because she covered her face" - this should not
make him think that she is a harlot!
i. After he served a guest food and drink, the
guest wanted to bless Avraham.
ii. Avraham: You did not eat my food - you ate from
G-d of the world - thank the One who created
the world through His word!
(l) Answer (R. Elazar): Because she had covered her face when
in his house (when married to his sons).
1. (R. Shmuel bar Nachmani): Any bride that is modest
in her father-in-law's house merits that kings and
prophets will descend from her - we learn this from
i. Kings - David (and the kings that descended
ii. Prophets - Yeshayah and his father Amotz; Amotz
and Amatzyah were brothers (and we know that
Amatzyah descended from David).
(a) Question: "(Tamar) Mutzeis" - it should say, Mitutzeis
(was taken out)!
(b) Answer (R. Elazar): It is written Mutzeis, which is
spelled as Motza'as (she finds), for Sama'el hid her
signs (the deposit she had taken from Yehudah), and
Gavri'el brought them back.
1. (R. Yochanan): "To the conductor (Hash-m), for the
mute distant dove, to David, Michtam" - when her
signs were distant, she was as a mute dove;
(c) Question: "She sent to her father-in-law - 'I am pregnant
from the owner of these'" - why didn't she say
explicitly, from Yehudah?
i. Explanation #1: "To David, Michtam" - David
descended from her, he was MaCH (lowly) and TAM
(pure) to all.
ii. Explanation #2: Michtam - His MaKah (wound) (of
circumcision) was TAM (pure), for he was born
iii. Explanation #3: Michtam - Just as in his youth,
he was TAM (made himself lowly before one
greater than him in Torah, to learn), also in
(d) Answer (Rav Zutra Bat Tuvya): From Tamar, we learn that
it is better to throw oneself into a furnace than to
humiliate his fellow man in public.
(e) (R. Chama bar Chanina): Yehudah told his father "Please
recognize your son's tunic", therefore he was told
"Please recognize to whom (are these)".
1. "Na" is a language of request - please recognize
your Creator and do not ignore me.
(f) "Yehudah recognized and said 'She is (more) righteous
1. (Rav Chanan bar Bizna): Yosef sanctified Hash-m's
name in private, he merited that 1 letter of
Hash-m's name was added to his name - "Testimony in
YeHosef is his name";
(g) When he admitted and said "She is (more) righteous than
me", a voice from Heaven said 'You saved Tamar and her 2
children (inside her) from the fire; in your merit, I
will save 3 of your descendants from the fire'.
2. Yehudah sanctified Hash-m's name in public, his was
(entirely) named on Hash-m's name.
1. Question: Who are these descendants?
(h) Question: "She is righteous, (she is pregnant) from me" -
how did he know?
2. Answer: Chananyah, Misha'el and Azaryah.
(i) Answer: A voice from Heaven said 'Hidden matters came
from Me (i.e. Hash-m caused that she should have children
(j) (Shmuel the elder): "He did not Yasaf to know her" - this
means, he remained married to her.
1. We know that Yasaf means to cease - "A great sound,
it did not cease".
(a) (Beraisa): Avshalom rebelled with his hair - "There was
not a man as beautiful ... when he shaved his hair, for
it was a burden on him, it weighed 200 Shekels;
1. Therefore, he was hanged by his hair - "... His head
was caught in the tree, he was (hanging) between
Heaven and earth, the mule under him passed; he took
a sword and wanted to cut his hair".
(b) "(David) cried ... My son Avshalom, my son, my son,
Avshalom, if only I had died in your place, Avshalom my
son, my son ... my son Avshalom, Avshalom my son, my
2. (Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael): Just them, Gehinom opened
up under him.
(c) Question: Why did he say "My son" 8 times?
(d) Answer: 7 - to save him from the 7 chambers of Gehinom;
1. Some say - the 8th was to get his head to rejoin his
(e) Question: "Avshalom took and erected for himself in his
life" - what did he take?
2. Others say, to bring him to the world to come.
(f) Answer (Reish Lakish): A bad purchase for himself (to try
to become king).
(g) (R. Chanina bar Papa): "The monument in Emek (valley) of
the king" - the deep (Amukah) plan of the King of the
world - "I will raise evil against you (David) from your