POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Sotah 9
1) MEASURE FOR MEASURE
(a) She put mascara on her eyes - therefore, her eyes bulge
2) PUNISHMENT OF THE NATIONS
(b) She braided her hair - therefore, the Kohen unbraids her
(c) With her finger, she beckoned for him to come -
therefore, her fingernails fall off;
(d) She girded herself with a ribbon - therefore, the Kohen
ties a Mitzri rope above her breasts;
(e) She stuck out her thigh for him, therefore her thigh
(f) She received him on her stomach, therefore her stomach
(g) She fed him kingly delights, therefore her sacrifice is
(h) She gave him good wine to drink in elegant vessels, -
therefore, the Kohen gives her bitter water to drink in a
lowly earthenware vessel;
(i) She acted in private, therefore "(Hash-m) who sits in
private" turned his attention to punish her.
1. "The eye of an adulterer guards the night, saying,
no eye will see me".
2. Also: She acted in private, therefore Hash-m
publicized about her - "One who conceals his hateful
deeds in darkness, his evil is revealed in the
(a) Question: Since "1 by 1, to make a calculation" shows
that every Perutah joins to make a big liability - why do
we need "b'Sase'ah you send punishment on a person"?
3) SEEKING WHAT IS FORBIDDEN
(b) Answer: To teach as Rav Chinena.
(c) (Rav Chinena bar Papa): Hash-m does not punish a nation
until it is ready for destruction - "b'Sase'ah you send
(d) Question: But Rava taught, the 3 cups (in the
wine-steward's dream) of punishment of Mitzrayim - 1 they
drank in Moshe's time, 1 in Paro-Nechoh's time, and 1
they will drink with the other nations.
1. Suggestion: Perhaps the original Mitzrim are gone,
and new inhabitants of Mitzrayim suffer the latter 2
(e) Correction: Rather, R. Chinena bar Papa taught thusly:
"I, Hash-m, did not repeat, and I did not finish off
Benei Ya'akov" - I, Hash-m, did not strike a nation
twice, and I did not finish off Benei Ya'akov.
2. Rejection (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): Minyamin, the
Mitzri covert was my colleague, a Talmid of R.
i. He said - I am a 1st generation Mitzri
(convert); I married a 1st generation Mitzris;
I will marry my son off to a 2nd generation
Mitzris, in order that my grandchildren will be
permitted to marry Yisraelim.
1. "I will finish my arrows on them" - my arrows will
finish, they (Benei Yisrael) will not be finished.
(f) (Rav Hamnuna): Hash-m does not mete out punishment due to
a person until his measure (of sin) is complete - "In the
filling of his desire, it will be harsh for him."
(g) (R. Chinena bar Papa): "Tzadikim, rejoice in Hash-m,
praise is Novo (fitting) for the straight" - read this as
1. This refers to Moshe and David - their enemies did
not have dominion over their works.
i. By David - "(The Temple's) gates sunk in the
ii. By Moshe - When the 1st Temple was built, the
Mishkan was hidden.
iii. Question: Where?
iv. Answer (Rav Chisda): Under the tunnels of the
(a) (Beraisa): A Sotah put her eyes on what was not fitting
for her - she did not get what she wanted, and she lost
what she had.
1. Anyone who puts his eyes on what is not fitting for
him does not get what he wants, and loses what he
(b) The serpent put its eyes on what was not fitting for it
(Chavah) - it did not get what it wanted, and it lost
what it had.
4) MEASURE FOR MEASURE
1. Hash-m intended that it would be king over the
animals - now, it is cursed more than all the
(c) We also find by Kayin, Korach, Bil'am, Do'eg, Achitofel,
Gechazi, Avshalom, Adoniyahu, Uziyahu, and Haman - each
did not get what he wanted, and he lost what he had.
2. Hash-m intended that it would walk erect - now, it
goes on its belly;
3. Hash-m intended that it would eat human food - now,
it eats dirt;
4. It intended to kill Adam and marry Chavah - now,
Hash-m put enmity between it and Chavah, and between
its descendants and hers.
(d) (Mishnah): She started to sin with her thigh ...
(e) Question: How do we know that her thigh is stricken
(f) Answer: "Hash-m will cause your thigh to fall and your
stomach to swell".
(g) Objection: But it also says "Her stomach will swell, her
thigh will fall"!
(h) Answer (Abaye): The thigh is cursed first; the limbs are
stricken as the water enters her, the stomach before the
(i) Objection: But also regarding the curse, it says, "To
make the stomach swell and the thigh fall"!
(j) Answer: That is not the curse; rather, the Kohen tells
her in what order her limbs will be stricken, so people
will not say that the water did not test her as
(a) (Mishnah): Shimshon went after his eyes - therefore,
Pelishtim gouged out his eyes;
(b) Avshalom was haughty about his hair, therefore he was
hung by his hair;
1. Because he had relations with 10 concubines of his
father, 10 spears were cast into him;
(c) Hash-m also rewards measure for measure.
2. Because he stole (deceived) 3 hearts - his father's,
Beis Din's, and Yisrael's - 3 staves were cast into
1. Miryam waited a short time for Moshe - therefore,
all of Yisrael waited 7 days for her (until her
Tzara'as was cured).
(d) (Gemara - Beraisa): Shimshon rebelled with his eyes -
"Take her for me, she is straight in my eyes"; therefore,
Pelishtim gouged out his eyes;
2. Yosef was the greatest of his brothers, and he
buried his father - he merited that Moshe engaged in
3. Moshe was the greatest in Yisrael, and he took
Yosef's bones - he merited to be buried by Hash-m
i. Hash-m engages in the burial of all Tzadikim -
"Your righteousness will go before you, the
honor of Hash-m will gather you".
(e) Question: But "It was from Hash-m" (that he desired the
(f) Answer: He chose the one that was nice in his eyes.
(g) (Beraisa - Rebbi): The beginning of Shimshon's downfall
was in Azah, therefore he was stricken in Azah.
(h) Question: But he first took a Pelishti wife in Timnah!
(i) Answer: Still, the beginning of his downfall was in Azah
(there, he had extramarital relations).
(a) (Beraisa - Rebbi): Delilah was fit to be called by her
name - she Dildelah (uprooted) his strength, his heart,
and his deeds.
1. She uprooted his strength - "His strength left him".
(b) Question: How did she know that he had told her all his
2. She uprooted his heart - "She saw that he had told
her all his heart".
3. She uprooted his deeds - the Divine Presence left
him - "He did not know that Hash-m had abandoned
(c) Answer #1 (R. Chanin): Truth is recognizable.
(d) Answer #2 (Abaye): Shimshon said "I am a Nazir Elokim" -
she knew that a Tzadik would not say Hash-m's name in
(e) Question: "She pained him with her words every day,
va'Te'altzehu" - what does Va'Te'altzehu mean?
(f) Answer (R. Yitzchak): She would separate from him just as
he completed the marital act.
(g) Question #1: (The angel told Mano'ach's wife) "... do not
eat anything Tamei" - what is this?
(h) Question #2: Until now, she ate Tamei foods?
(i) Answer (R. Yitzchak): This refers to things forbidden to
(j) (R. Yitzchak): "Hash-m split the gum in the jaw" -
because Shimshon desired something Tamei (Pelishti
women), Hash-m made his life dependent on something Tamei
(k) (R. Chama b'Rebbi Chanina): "va'Techal (began) the spirit
of Hash-m" - Chalsah (took effect) the prophecy of Yakov
- "Dan will be a serpent on the road".
(l) (R. Yitzchak): "Lifa'amo (to arouse him) in the camp of
Dan" - the Divine Presence went before him as a
(m) (Rav Asi): "Between Tzor'ah and "Eshta'ol" - these are 2
great mountains, Shimshon uprooted them and ground them
on each other.
(n) (R. Chama b'Rebbi Chanina): "He Yachel (began) to save
Yisrael" - the oath of Avimelech was Huchal (profaned) -
"If you will lie to my child or grandchild".