POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Shevuos 6
SHEVUOS 6-10 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
1) THE ORDER OF BRIGHTNESS OF THE LESIONS OF "TZARA'AS"
(a) Question: What is the source that R. Akiva says that
different appearances that join together, one is
(directly) whiter than another?
(b) Answer #1 (Beraisa - R. Yosi): Yehoshua asked his father
R. Akiva why Chachamim detailed the different
appearances, why it did not suffice to say that k'Karom
or above (whiter) is Tamei.
1. R. Akiva: It was necessary to teach that the
appearances join together.
(c) Rejection: Perhaps Yehoshua meant, it should suffice to
say that 'anything k'Karom or above is Tamei, and
anything k'Sid or above is Tamei' (and each joins with
its primary appearance, like Chachamim);
2. Yehoshua: Why didn't it suffice to say that anything
k'Karom or above is Tamei, and the appearances join?
3. R. Akiva: It teaches that a Kohen cannot rule on
Tzara'as unless he is an expert on the appearances
and knows their names.
i. Inference: Yehoshua (who surely asked according
to R. Akiva's opinion) thought it should
suffice to say that anything k'Karom or above
is Tamei, and the appearances join - he did not
need to include 'anything k'Sid or above is
Tamei, and the appearances join'!
ii. Version #1 (Rashi): This was obvious (since
both secondary appearances are derived from
Ses), each joins with the appearance directly
iii. Version #2 (Tosfos): (Surely Yehoshua also
intended that the Mishnah would explicitly say
that) each joins with the appearance directly
1. This was obviously his intent, the Tana saw no need
(d) Answer #2 (R. Chanina): A parable to R. Akiva's opinion
of the appearances that join: there were four cups of
milk, two drops of blood fell into one cup, four drops
fell in a second cup, eight drops in the third cup, 12
(some say - 16) fell in the fourth;
1. All appear white, but each is whiter than the next.
(e) Rejection: That only shows regarding mixed colors -
perhaps regarding pure colors, he holds like Chachamim!
1. Suggestion: Perhaps having heard his opinion
regarding mixed colors, we may infer that the same
applies to pure colors!
2. Question: Does he really hold thusly regarding mixed
i. (Mishnah - R. Akiva): A mixture of redness in a
Baheres looks like redness in k'Sid, their
color is like water mixed with wine;
ii. The difference is in the white part - the white
of the (mixed) Baheres is bright as snow, the
white of the (mixed) k'Sid is weaker.
2) THE DIFFERENT APPEARANCES OF "TZARA'AS"
iii. Summation of question: If R. Akiva held that
wool-white is second to Baheres, he should have
said that the white of the (mixed) wool
appearance is weaker than that of Baheres!
3. Answer: Indeed, he holds thusly!
i. (Beraisa - R. Noson): R. Akiva did not say that
the white of (mixed) k'Sid is weaker than that
of Baheres, rather that the white of the
(mixed) wool appearance is weaker than that of
(a) Question: What is the source to say that Baheres is the
3) TUMAH FOR WHICH ONE MUST BRING A SACRIFICE
(b) Answer: "V'Im Baheres Levanah Hi" - it is white, nothing
is as white as it.
(c) (Beraisa): *Baheres* appears deeper (than the surrounding
skin) - "U'Mareha Amok Min ha'Or", as a sunlit area
appears deeper than the shade;
1. *Se'es* is a word that implies elevation - "V'Al Kol
(d) Question: The verse shows that there is a secondary
appearance to Se'es - what is the source for a secondary
appearance to Baheres?
2. *Sapachas* is a word that implies being subordinate
- "V'Amar Sefacheni Na".
(e) Answer #1 (R. Zeira): It says "Levanah" by Baheres just
as by Ses;
1. Just as there is a secondary appearance to Ses, also
(f) Answer #2 (Beraisa): The Torah wrote "Sapachas" in
between Se'es and Baheres to teach that there is a
secondary appearance to each.
(g) (Mishnah): Se'es is like white wool.
(h) Question: What does this refer to?
(i) Answer (Rav Bivi): Clean wool of a newborn lamb that
people cover (to keep it white) to use for Milas (soft
(j) (R. Chanina): A parable for Chachamim's opinion (of how
appearances join): there were two kings, each had a mayor
1. One king was above the other, his mayor was above
the other's (i.e. one primary appearance is above
the other and joins with it, its secondary
appearance is above the other's secondary appearance
and joins with it).
(k) Objection: That is R. Akiva's opinion, that each
appearance joins to the one above it!
(l) Correction: Rather, each king is above his own mayor
(i.e. each primary appearance joins with its secondary
(m) (Rav Ada bar Ava): A parable for Chachamim's opinion (of
how appearances join): a king (above) an Alkafta (a
lesser king) (above) the king's mayor (above) the
(n) Objection: That is R. Akiva's opinion, that each
appearance joins to the one above it!
(o) Correction: Rather, the king is above his mayor, the
Alkafta is above his own mayor.
1. (Rava): An example illustrates these two kings -
Shevor Malka (king of Persia) and the Kaiser (of
(p) Version #1 - Rashi - (Ravina): A parable for Chachamim's
opinion: a new wool garment is only slightly whiter than
a new linen garment, but a worn out wool garment is much
whiter than a worn out linen garment (i.e. the primary
appearances are very similar, the secondary appearances
2. Rav Papa: Which is the more important?
3. Rava: "V'Seichul Kol Ara" (the last creature in
nnz's dream alludes to a kingdom that will destroy
i. (R. Yochanan): This is Romi.
(q) Version #2 - Tosfos - (Ravina): A parable for Chachamim's
opinion: the difference in importance between new
garments of wool and linen is small, but the difference
in importance between worn garments of wool and linen is
(a) (Mishnah): If a person knew of the Tum'ah, and later
(b) (Beraisa) Question: ("Nefesh Asher Tiga b'Chol Davar
Tamei...O Chi Yiga b'Tum'as Adam" brings an Oleh v'Yored)
- how do we know that the verses speak of one who entered
the Mikdash or ate Kodshim?
(c) Answer #1: We learn from the warnings and punishments for
intentional transgressions of Tum'ah.
1. Kares (for Tum'ah) is only for one who enters the
Mikdash or eats Kodshim (when he is Tamei) - also,
the sacrifice for Tum'ah only applies to these two