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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shekalim 19

***** Perek Ma'os she'Nimtze'u *****


(a) What does one do with money that was found between the box of Shekalim and that of Nedavah and why - if it was ...
  1. ... closer to the box of Shekalim?
  2. ... closer to the box of Nedavah?
(b) Why, if the money was found exactly half way between the box of Eitzim and that of Levonah, did it go to Levonah?

(c) Considering that it was the box of Kinin that was next to that of Shekalim (whereas the boxes of Nedavah are listed as being the furthest away from it), why does our Tana speak about money that was found between Shekalim and Nedavah?

(a) Why would we have thought that if the money is found half way between Shekalim and Nedavah, that it should rather go to Shekalim?

(b) The Gemara gives two reasons why, in fact, it goes to Nedavah. The second reasonis because Mechtzah le'Mechtzah, Ke'mi She'Mes'.
What does this mean?

(c) What is the first reason?

(d) Why does the Tana not also tell us what to do with money that is found between Ketores and Eitzim, and between Levonah and Zahav le'Kapores?

(a) Everyone agrees that if someone died after having designated his half- Shekel, it goes to Nedavah. According to Rebbi Elazar, the same happens to the Asiris ha'Eifah of the Kohen Gadol if he died.
What does Rebbi Yochanan say in that case?

(b) If the money was found between the Kinin (incorporating money for Chata'os) and the Gozlei Olah, it goes to Gozlei Olah - even if it was half- way.

(c) What is the precedent for this?

(d) Assuming that it was a woman (e.g. a Yoledes) who placed the money in the box, how will she fulfil her obligation of bringing a Chatas ha'Of?

Halachah 2


(a) Why was money that one found in Yerushalayim in front of the animal merchants, Ma'aser-Sheni - even not during Yom-Tov?

(b) If money was found in the streets of Yerushalayim, it would depend upon whether it was found on Yom-Tov (when it would be Ma'aser) or during the rest of the year (when it would be Chulin)? Why should this Din be different than money found on Har Habayis, which was always Chulin?

(c) If one finds whole limbs of animals in the Azarah, one treats them as Olos, whereas pieces of flesh, one treats as Chata'os.
Why the difference?

(d) And why do pieces of flesh found in Yerushalayim considered Shelamim?

(a) What does one do with both the flesh found in the Azarah and that found in Yerushalayim, and why is that?

(b) What does one do if one finds elsewhere in Eretz Yisrael ...

  1. ... whole limbs of animals?
  2. ... cut pieces of flesh?
(c) How would this Din differ on Yom-Tov?
Answers to questions


6) We learnt in our Mishnah that money that is found on Har ha'Bayis is Chulin. Why do we not assume it to be money that fell from the Terumas ha'Lishkah and is therefore Kodesh?


(a) Rebbi Elazar quoting Rebbi Hoshaya, says that Kodshim which became Pasul through Hesech ha'Da'as require Ibur Tzurah.
Is there a proof for this from our Mishnah, which rules that flesh that is found in the Azarah requires Ibur Tzurah? Is that not because of Hesech ha'Da'as?

(b) Rebbi Yossi bar Chanina is quoted as saying that someone who eats whole limbs that he found outside Yerushalayim, receives Malkos for eating Neveilah.
What is the proof for this from our Mishnah, which says 'Evrei, Neveilos, va'Chatichos Mutaros'?

(c) What does he say with regard to someone who finds limbs of meat that are tied together?

(a) Does one receive Malkos for eating a piece of meat that he bought from one of ten shops, nine that sold Neveilah and one, Shechutah, but he cannot remember from which one he bought it?

(b) What will be the Din if he finds the meat on the street?

(c) What will happen in the reverse case (if there are nine shops that sell Kasher meat, and one that sells Neveilah)?

(d) What will be the Din in the latter case if he found the meat in the hands of a gentile? Is he permitted to eat it?

(a) How do we reconcile the previous case with the episode where they saw a gentile leaving a non-Kasher shop with a piece of horse-meat which he had himself cut off from a dead horse?

(b) What did that man do when the butcher in Tzipori refused to sell him meat?

(c) What did the butcher reply, when the man boasted that he could not stop him from purchasing from his shop?

(d) They asked Rebbi whether the meat from that butcher's shop was prohibited (because he had admitted to possessing and selling Neveilah).
What was his reply?

(a) What was Rav's reaction when he arrived in Bavel and saw how careless they were in leaving their meat with gentiles to look after (with the obvious consequences)?

(b) And what did he tell that man when the piece of meat that he was washing in the river fell into the water, and he left intending to return later to fish it out?

Answers to questions
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