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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shekalim 16

SHEKALIM 16 - Dedicated to the memory of Max (Meir Menachem) Turkel (Yahrzeit: 5 Teves) by his wife Jean and children Eddie and Lawrence.


(a) When the Aron was hidden, four things were hidden together with it.
What were they?

(b) Who hid it, and what caused him to do so?

(c) What do we learnt from the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim "Vayomer la'Levi'im ... Tenu es Aron Hakodesh ba'Bayis Asher Banah Shlomoh ben David ... "?

(d) Why was Yoshi'ah afraid to let the Aron go into Galus with the people?

(a) The anointing oil was made with spices totaling fifteen hundred Manah. How much olive oil did it comprise?

(b) What objection does Rebbi Yossi raise to Rebbi Yehudah, in whose opinion they prepared the annointing oil by boiling the spices directly in the olive oil?

(c) What was the annointing oil used for?

(d) How was it prepared according to Rebbi Yossi?

(a) Which Kohanim Gedolim were annointed and which Kings?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk ...

  1. ... "Kum Mashcheihu Ki *Zeh* Hu" (Melachim)?
  2. ... "Shemen Mishchas Kodesh Yihyeh *Zeh* Li le'Doroseichem" (Ki Sisa)?
(c) From whom do we learn that a king should be anointed by a fountain?

(d) What did the following three kings have in common: Shlomoh, Yo'ash and Yeho'achaz?

(a) Shaul and Yehu were both kings of the ten tribes. Both were annointed (probably with Afarsemon oil).
In what way did their annointing differ from that of the kings of Yehudah, and how did that work to their detriment?

(b) What is the problem with including Yeho'achaz in the list of three kings (in 3d.)?

(c) What is the answer to that?

(a) What does Rebbi Yudah Antundarya learn from the Pasuk in Vayechi "Lo Yasur Shevet mi'Yehudah"?

(b) Rebbi Chiya bar Ada learns the same from the juxtaposition of the two Pesukim in Shoftim "Lema'n Ya'arich Yamim al Mamlachto Hu u'Vanav Bekerev Yisrael" and "Lo Yihyeh la'Kohanim ha'Levi'im".
What is the difference between the two explanations?

(c) The Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim writes "u'B'nei Yoshiyahu ha'Bechor Yochanan, ha'Sheini Yehoyakim, ha'Shelishi Tzidkiyahu, ha'Revi'i Shalum". Who was the oldest of Yoshiyah's sons? Why does the Pasuk write "ha'Bechor Yochanan?

(d) Who is Yochanan better known as?

(a) If Tzidkiyahu and Shalum are one and the same person. how do we account for the phrase "ha'Shelishi Tzidkiyahu, ha'Revi'i Shalum"?

(b) Why was he called by these two names? What was his real name?

(c) His uncle ruled before him (though only for three months).
What was his uncle's name?

Answers to questions



(a) Rebbi Yochanan holds like Rebbi Meir, that the holy vessels of the Mishkan were measured by an Amah of *six* Tefachim.
According to Them, what was the length of the Aron (in Tefachim)?

(b) Assuming they placed the four Luchos (including the two broken ones) side by side widthwise across the length of the Aron ...

  1. ... how many Tefachim would that leave;
  2. ... how much would one have to deduct for the thickness of the walls;
  3. ... what did they put in that space?
(c) How wide was the Aron? After deducting the length of the Luchos and of the Sefer Torah, and the thickness of the walls, how much space remained inside it?

(d) Why did the Aron require the extra space in the width?

(a) How long and how wide was the Aron according to Rebbi Yehudah, who holds that the holy vessels of the Mishnan were measured by Amos of *five* Tefachim, and how thick were the walls?

(b) According to Rebbi Yehudah, there was no room in the Aron for the Sefer- Torah.
Besides the fact that the four Luchos took up the entire length of the Aron, what other basic difference was there in the way the Luchos lay in the Aron?

(a) Rebbi Chanina explains the Pasuk in Terumah "ve'Tzipisa Oso Zahav Tahor mi'Bayis u'mi'Chutz" that they were to construct *three* Aronos (of gold, wood and gold). How does he interpret the extra word "Teztapenu"?

(b) How does Resh Lakish explain ...

  1. ... the Pasuk "ve'Tzipisa Oso mi'Bayis u'mi'Chutz"?
  2. ... the extra word "Tetzapenu"?
(c) According to Rebbi Chanina ben Gamliel, five commandments were written on one of the Luchos, and five on the other.
What are the other three possibilities, and how does each one derive his opinion from the Pasuk in Va'eschanan "va'Yichtevem al Sh'nei Luchos Avanim"?

(d) According to the latter opinion, they wrote all ten commandments on each of the four sides.
Why did they not write all ten commandments on top and underneath, too? Then why not five on top and five underneath?

(a) What was written between each commandment?

(b) What does that have to do with the Pasuk in Shir Hashirim "Memula'im ba'Tarshish" ke'Yama Rabah (How does Resh Lakish explain the parable to the sea)?

(c) What does Rebbi Yehudah learn from the Pasuk in Vayeilech "Lako'ach es Sefer ha'Torah ha'Zeh ve'Samtem Oso mi'Tzad Aron B'ris Hashem"?

(d) How does Rebbi Meir counter that from the Pasuk in Terumah "ve'Nasata es ha'Kapores Al ha'Aron Milema'lah, ve'El ha'Aron Titen es ha'Eidus Asher Eten Eilecha"?

11) Hashem gave Moshe the Torah from a background of fire as black fire engraved on white fire.
What is meant by ...
  1. ... white fire? (see Tiklin Chadtin)?
  2. ... Muchleles me'Eish (see Tiklin Chadtin)?
  3. ... Chatzuvah me'Eish (see Tiklin Chadtin)?

Halachah 2


(a) We learnt earlier that the Kohanim would prostrate themselves in thirteen locations in the Beis Hamikdash. What was the collective significance of those locations?

(b) If four of these gates were located on the south side and four on the north, where were the other five located?

(a) Why was ...
  1. ... the first of the southern gates called Sha'ar ha'Elyon?
  2. ... the second, Sha'ar ha'Delek?
  3. ... the third, Sha'ar ha'Bechoros?
  4. ... the fourth, Sha'ar ha'Mayim (two possible reasons)?
(b) Why was ...
  1. ... the first of the northern gates called 'Sha'ar Yechonyah'?
  2. ... the second, Sha'ar ha'Korban?
  3. ... the third, Sha'ar ha'Nashim?
  4. ... the fourth, Sha'ar ha'Shir?
(c) One of the three Eastern gates is called Sha'ar Nikanor.
What were the three eastern gates called?

(d) Why are the two western gates not named?

Answers to questions
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