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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shekalim 13


(a) Rebbi Yossi explains Rebbi Eliezer of our Mishnah (who holds, in the case when someone declared all his property Hekdesh, that the birds are only Hekdesh Bedek ha'Bayis and are not brought directly on the Mizbe'ach) according to Shmuel quoting Rebbi Zeira's principle.
Which principle?

(b) Why can one not bring the bird directly as Kayitz ha'Mizbe'ach?

(c) And why can it not be redeemed?

(a) How do we attempt to prove Rebbi Shimon ben Yehudah (who said earlier in the name of Rebbi Shimon that even if someone declared a female animal as an Olah, it cannot make a Temurah) from the Pasuk in Bechukosai "ve'Im Kol Beheimah Temei'ah Asher Lo Yakrivu Mimenah Korban la'Hashem"?

(b) The Gemara however, refutes this proof from the words "ve'He'emid ve'He'erich".

(c) Rebbi Zeira quoting Rebbi Elazar Darshens the Pasuk quoted in a. like Rebbi Shimon. How does he do this?

(d) In light of this Derashah, how do we account for the Tosefta, which rules that an animal that raped a human or that was raped by a human, can make a Temurah, despite the fact that it is never fit to be brought as a Korban)? (Note: it is unclear why we cannot answer that the author of the Tosefta is the Tana Kama of Rebbi Shimon, who hold that Kedushas ha'Guf takes effect even on blemished animals).

(a) Once every thirty days they would fix the price for wine, flour and oil. Would the store-keeper who supplied these commodities to the Beis Hamikdash (and who had already received his money in advance) be affected if, in the middle, the market value ...
  1. ... rose from four Sa'ah per Sela to three?
  2. ... dropped from three Sa'ah to four?
(b) How do we explain this discrepancy? We ought to say either that Hekdesh acquires with money (unlike Hedyot), or (like Hedyot) it does *not*? But how can we say both?

(c) Seeing as the storekeeper has already received his money, how do we explain the fact that he remains responsible to re-place the flour or the wine should they go bad? At which point is he released from this responsibility?

***** Hadran Alach Perek ha'Terumah! *****

***** Perek Eilu Hein ha'Memunin *****

Halachah 1


(a) The Tana lists the names of the fifteen officers who were in charge of the running of the Beis Hamikdash. Pesachyah (alias Mordechai) was responsible for the Kinim.
Why was Mordechai known as Pesachyah and Balshan?

(b) In the context of our Mishnah, what did it mean to be in charge of ...

  1. ... the Payasos?
  2. ... the Kinim?
(a) What was Nechunyah Chofer Sichin responsible for?

(b) Ben Gever was responsible for 'Ne'ilas She'arim'.
What did that entail?

(c) Ben Arza was responsible for the Tzelatzal, and Hugras ben Levi for the Shir.
What was ...

  1. ... the Tzelatzal?
  2. ... the Shir?
(a) Since it is hardly feasible that the people listed in our Mishnah served for the four hundred and twenty years that the Beis Hamikdash stood, some explain that these incumbents were the best, each one in his generation. How do others explain this choice?

(b) Beis Garmu refused to teach the art of baking the Lechem ha'Panim, Beis Avtinas the Ketores, Hugras ben Levi a certain nuance in the singing and Ben Kamtzar how to write the Name of Hashem in a special way.
To whom (out of the all the above) does the Pasuk "ve'Sheim Resha'im Yirkav" (Mishlei) apply ...

  1. ... according to the *first* of the two above explanations?
  2. ... according to the *second*?
Answers to questions



(a) Some say that Rebbi Akiva instituted the learning of Medrash, Halachos and Agados (or of the subdivision of Torah into these sections). Others say that this was already achieved by the Anshei Kenesses ha'Gedolah.
In that case, what did Rebbi Akiva institute?

(b) What is the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim referring to, when it praises a family with the word "Mishpachas *Sofrim* Yoshvei Ya'avetz"?

(c) And why is Ezra referred to as Ezra ha'Sofer?

(d) What did Rebbi Chagai mean when he complained that, in spite of the fact that the earlier generations plowed, sowed, weeded ... kneaded the dough, arranged it and baked it, yet *we* have no mouth with which to eat?

(a) According to Rebbi Zeira, if the earlier generations were angels, then the people of his generation were people.
What were they, if the earlier generation were people?

(b) But not like the donkey of Rebbi Pinchas ben Yair.
How did the robbers react when the stolen animal refused to eat for three days?

(c) What did Rebbi Pinchas ben Yair say when he heard it braying outside his front door?

(d) Why did it refuse to eat the well-prepared barley that his disciples set before it?

(a) All the seventy members of the Sanhedrin had to understand all seventy languages.
How many at least, had to be able to speak them?

(b) What is the difference between a Sanhedrin out of which *three* were able to speak all the languages and one of which *four* could?

(c) What did Ben Azai, Ben Zoma, Ben Chachinai and Rebbi Elazar ben Masya have in common?

(d) How did Pesachyah discover in a year when the crops were stricken, and there was a terrible shortage, that there was barley available for the Omer ...

  1. ... in Gagos Tzerifin?
  2. ... in Ein Sochar?
(a) Three women came to the Beis Hamikdash with bird-offerings; the first one said 'le'Einasi', the second, 'le'Yamasi' and the third 'le'Zivasi'. What did the Kohanim think they meant?

(b) How did Pesachyah interpret their words?

(a) Ben Achya was responsible for stomach-aches.
Why were the Kohanim more prone to stomach-aches than anyone else?

(b) What was Ben Achya's expertise that helped to alleviate their suffering?

(c) Why is he listed among the officers of the Beis Hamikdash?

(d) In what did Nechunya Chofer Sichin specialise?

Answers to questions
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