REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafShekalim 8
SHEKALIM 6-8 (1-3 Teves) - the Dafyomi study for the last days of Chanukah
and 3 Teves has been dedicated to the memory of Hagaon Rav Yisrael Zev
Gustman ZaTZaL (author of "Kuntresei Shiurim") and his wife (on her
Yahrzeit), by a student who merited to study under him.
(a) According to Rebbi Meir, Rosh Chodesh Elul is the date for Ma'aser
What does this mean, and what is Rebbi Meir's reason?
(b) How do Rebbi Elazar and Rebbi Shimon learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim
"Lavshu Karim ha'Tzon, va'Amakim Ya'atfu Bar, Yisro'u Af Yashiru", that the
date for Ma'aser Beheimah is Tishri?
(c) Why does Ben Azai hold that the Elulim must be Ma'asered separately?
(d) What will be the Din according to Ben Azai, if five lambs are born...
- ... in Av, five in Elul and five in Tishri?
- ... in Tishri and five in the following Av?
(a) Bearing in mind that Ben Azai's disputants are Rebbi Meir, Rebbi Shimon
and Rebbi Elazar, what is the problem with the presentation of his statement
('Ho'il ve'Eilu Omrim Kach, ve'Eilu Omrim Kach ... '?
Can animals that are born *before* the 'Z'man ha'Goren' (one of the three
designated times of Ma'asering each year) be Ma'asered together with animals
that are born *after* it?
(b) Even if, as the Gemara answers, Ben Azai was referring to the same
Machlokes between Rebbi Akiva and Rebbi Yishmael, how could he refer to his
Rebbe, Rebbi Akiva, in such a lighthearted manner?
(c) How does the Gemara ascertain the relationship between Ben Azai and
Rebbi Akiva from the way that Ben Azai addressed him?
(a) The year of Ma'aser for trees is determined by the time that they bud,
and for produce and olive-trees, when the fruit attains a third of its
growth (which is when they can first be eaten).
How would the the first of
Tishri determine the two batches of new-born animals (according to Rebbi
Elazar and Rebbi Shimon), if Ma'aser Beheimah would be compared to ...
(b) Rebbi Shamai compares Ma'aser Beheimah in this regard to produce and
olive-trees even according to Rebbi Elazar and Rebbi Shimon in our Mishnah
(who give the dividing date aas the first of Tishri) - by establishing our
Mishnah according to Rebbi Shimon (Rebbi Shimon will then be following his
own reasoning). What does Rebbi Shimon say?
- ... the budding of the trees?
- ... the third of the growth of the produce and the olives?
(c) What problem does Rebbi Mana have with this from Ben Azai (of our
(d) How does the Gemara reconcile both Rebbi Elazar and Rebbi Shimon, and
Ben Azai with even the Rabbanan of Rebbi Shimon (See Hagahos ha'Gra) even if
they were to go after the time that they became fit to eat?
(a) What does Rebbi Yonah's father learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei "Kol
ha'Bechor Asher *Yivaled* ... ha'Zachar *Takdish*"?
(b) How does Rav Huna learn the same thing from Ben Azai and the Rabbanan?
(a) What was the Lishkah?
(b) They would draw money from the Lishkah and put it into three boxes.
How were the boxes marked, and what was the purpose of marking them?
(c) How much did each of these boxes contain?
(d) According to Rebbi Yishmael, the boxes were marked in Greek lettering
('Alpha', 'Beta' 'Gama').
Why was that?
(a) Why did whoever was chosen to empty the Lishkah, take great care not to
wear a garment with a hem, shoes or anything else that might serve as a
Answers to questions
(b) From which two Pesukim do we derive this concept, one in Bamidbar, the
other in Mishlei?
(a) What was the size of the four or five boxes of straw that the Mishnah in
Shabbos permits one to empty from the store-house on Shabbos to make room
for guests etc.?
(b) From where do we learn this?
(c) How many Sa'ah did they take from the Lishkah annually?
(a) The Mishnah in Shabbos renders one Chayav for carrying out on Shabbos,
sufficient undiluted wine 'to dilute a Kos'.
How much is that and from
where do we learn it?
(b) How much *diluted* wine must one carry out in order to be Chayav?
(c) In which regard does the Gemara give the Shiur of a Titartun and a
(a) The Gemara asks whether one is Yotze the four Kosos at the Seder, if one
drinks them consecutively (which the Bavli invalidates -Pesachim 108b).
What is the answer, and from where so we learn it?
(b) Why is one Yotze if one drinks each of the four cups in spurts?
(c) Is one Yotze at the Seder with ...
(d) How much water may one add to the wine for it to retain its status of
- ... Matzah of Shevi'is?
- ... wine of Shevi'is? Why the difference?
- ... Konditon (spiced wine)?
- ... White wine?
(a) Why was Rebbi Yonah of all people, the one to permit boiled wine?
(b) A noble-woman theorized that it must be one of three things that caused
Rebbi Yonah's face to shine.
What were they?
(c) What did he answer her?
(d) When Rebbi Avahu came to Teverya, Rebbi Yochanan's disciples thought
that his shining face must be due to his having discovered a treasure.
Were they right?
(a) What was the old 'Temunta' measure of Tzipori the equivalent of?
Answers to questions
(b) What did Rebbi Yanai's family used to use it for?
(c) Rebbi Yochanan stated that the old half-Sheminis measure of Teverya was
the equivalent of a Revi'is. Why did he refer to it as 'old' (according to
the text of the Tiklin Chadtin)?