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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shekalim 7

SHEKALIM 6-8 (1-3 Teves) - the Dafyomi study for the last days of Chanukah and 3 Teves has been dedicated to the memory of Hagaon Rav Yisrael Zev Gustman ZaTZaL (author of "Kuntresei Shiurim") and his wife (on her Yahrzeit), by a student who merited to study under him.


(a) The Tana of our Mishnah rules 'Mosar Nazir li'Nedavah'. According to Rav Chisda, that only applies if the Nazir already brought his other Korbanos, and the Mosar was his Chatas, but not if it was the Shelamim.
What will the Din be if the Mosar *was* the Shelamim?

(b) What is the third Korban of a Nazir?

(c) What does Rebbi Zeira hold?

(a) There is a Beraisa to support each of the two Amora'im. What does the Tana mean when he says 'Kol she'Demei Chatas Me'uravos Bahen, Ma'os Setumin Hein' (according to the Tiklin Chadtin)?

(b) The second Beraisa ('Mo'alin be'Chulan ve'Ein Mo'alin be'Miktzasan'), which speaks when he actually designated the money for his Chatas separately, is a proof for Rav Chisda.
How did he designate the money for the two other Korbanos?

(c) What does 'Mo'alin be'Chulan ve'Ein Mo'alin be'Miktzasan' mean?

(d) What happens to the respective moneys if the Nazir dies? How is this a proof for Rav Chisda?

(a) According to Rav Chisda, the Mosar ha'Lechem of the Nazir must be left to rot. Why can the bread ...
  1. ... not be brought on its own?
  2. ... not be used for someone else's Korban Nazir?
(b) Rebbi Yossi bar Rebbi Bun does not agree with the B'nei Yeshivah, who thought that the Mosar Nesachav of the Nazir is left to rot together with the bread. What then *does* one do with it?

(c) What ruling do Rebbi Yossi bar Rebbi Bun (with regard to Mosar Nesachim), Shmuel (with regard to Mosar Machtzis ha'Shekel) and Rebbi Elazar (with regard to Mosar Asiris ha'Eifah) all issue?

(d) What does Rebbi Yochanan hold by Mosar Asiris ha'Eifah?

Halachah 5


(a) What happens to ...
  1. ... Mosar Shevuyim?
  2. ... Mosar Shavuy?
  3. ... Mosar Aniyim?
  4. ... Mosar Ani?
  5. ... Mosar Meisim?
(b) According to the Tana Kama, what happens to Mosar ha'Mes?

(c) Rebbi Meir maintains that Mosar ha'Mes must be put away until Eliyahu comes (just before the coming of Mashi'ach).
What does Rebbi Nasan hold?

(a) According to Rebbi Yirmiyah, the Mishnah's Din of 'Mosar ha'Mes le'Yorshav' applies even if, after the money has been collected for the burial needs of a man who died, it is discovered that the money is not needed. Rebbi Idi from Chutra disagrees with him.
What does *he* hold?

(b) The Tana of our Mishnah quoting Rebbi Nasan, maintains that Mosar ha'Mes, Bonin Lo Nefesh Al Kivro'.
Why is a tomb-stone called a Nefesh?

(c) What does the Tana of the Beraisa add to 'Bonin Lo Nefesh' ... ?

(d) Is anyone permitted to use the money that is collected for the redemption of a specific captive, to redeem a more important one? Why is that?

6) According to Raban Shimon ben Gamliel, one does not need to build a tomb- stone over the grave of a Tzadik.
Why not?


(a) Rebbi Eliezer (perhaps this should be Rebbi Alazar) hid when he saw Rebbi Yochanan coming towards him leaning on Rebbi Chiya bar Aba.
Rebbi Yochanan was cross with him for two reasons. What were they?

(b) Rebbi Ya'akov bar Idi defended Rebbi Eliezer.
What did he tell Rebbi Yochanan?

(c) How did he vindicate Rebbi Eliezer hiding from Rebbi Yochanan by asking the latter a Sha'leh about standing up before an idol?

Answers to questions



(a) Rebbi Yochanan also accused Rebbi Eliezer of repeating his rulings without quoting him.
Which episode did Rebbi Ami and Rebbi Asi cite to pacify Rebbi Yochanan by quoting the Pasuk in Yehoshua "Ka'asher Tzivah Hashem es Moshe, Kein Tzivah Moshe es Yehoshua"?

(b) On what grounds did Rebbi Yochanan reject their peace effort?

(c) He was however, pleased with Rebbi Ya'akov bar Idi's defense of Rebbi Eliezer. How did Rav Ya'akov bar Idi prove from the Pasuk in Yehoshua "Ka'asher Tzivah Hashem es Moshe Avdo, Kein Tzivah Moshe es Yehoshua" that Rebbi Eliezer was blameless?

(d) Rebbi Yochanan made an issue out of Talmidim repeating his sayings in his name - even in his life-time.
What is the proof from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Agurah be'Ohalecha Olamim Echeseh be'Seiser Kenafecha Selah", that he was justified?

(a) What does the Gemara prove from the Pasuk in Shir ha'Shirim "ve'Chikech ke'Yein ha'Tov ... Dovev Sifsei Yesheinim"?

(b) In which two ways does the Gemara describe the pleasure that the dead man experiences when his Divrei Torah are quoted?

(c) What is the difference between the two descriptions?

(d) How can a person ensure that he quotes his Rebbe's sayings correctly?

(a) What is the difference between most people and Rebbi Zeira?

(b) Why did he not take the rulings of Rav Sheshes too seriously?

(c) How could Rebbi Asi be certain that the quotations that he heard in the name of ...

  1. ... Bar Pada, really came from Bar Pada and were not fabrications?
  2. ... Rav really came from Rav and were not fabrications?
(a) What is incredible about David's statement in Tehilim "Samachti be'Omrim Li, Beis Hashem Neilech"? How is he compared to Moshe in this regard?

(b) In light of that, what is the significance of the Pasuk ...

  1. ... in Shmuel "ve'Hayah Ki *Yimle'u Yamecha* ve'Shachavta es Avosecha"?
  2. ... in Mishlei "Asei Tzedakah u'Mishpat, Nivchar la'Hashem mi'Zevach"?
***** Hadran Alach 'Metzarfin Shekalim'! *****

***** Perek 'bi'Sheloshah Perakim' *****

Halachah 1


(a) On which three dates annually did they draw from the Lishkah - according to Rebbi Akiva?

(b) What else did Chazal institute on these three dates?

(c) What are the Halachic ramifications of these dates, besides the actual obligation to Ma'aser the animals?

(d) Rebbi Elazar and Rebbi Shimon give the three dates for Ma'aser Beheimah as the first of Nisan, the first of Sivan and the twenty-ninth of Elul.
What reason do they give for this latter date (which is seemingly out of sequence)?

(a) What is the significance of 'P'ros ha'Pesach (for example)? What is it half of?

(b) Rebbi Yochanan gives the reason for the three dates of Ma'aser Beheimah as being that these are the birth-seasons.
What exactly does he mean?

(c) The Gemara gives two other reasons.
What is meant by ...

  1. ... 'Kedei she'Tihye ha'Beheimah Metzuyah le'Olei Regalim'?
  2. ... 'she'Lo Yavo Liyedei Bal Te'acher'?
(d) Considering that one is permitted to sell and even to Shecht animals before they have been Ma'asered, does one transgress 'Bal Te'acher' by delaying Ma'asering them?
Answers to questions
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