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Shekalim 6

SHEKALIM 6-8 (1-3 Teves) - the Dafyomi study for the last days of Chanukah and 3 Teves has been dedicated to the memory of Hagaon Rav Yisrael Zev Gustman ZaTZaL (author of "Kuntresei Shiurim") and his wife (on her Yahrzeit), by a student who merited to study under him.

Halachah 3


(a) According to Beis Shamai, if someone designated the money he set aside Perutah by Perutah, for his Half-Shekel, any excess money goes to Nedavah. What is Nedavah? What is Beis Shamai's reason?

(b) What do Beis Hillel hold?

(c) In which case will ...

  1. ...Beis Shamai agree that the money remains Chulin?
  2. ... Beis Hillel agree that the money goes to Nedavah?
(d) What will be the Din if he said 'she'Avi Meihen Chatasi'?
(a) What reason does Rebbi Shimon give for Beis Hillel's distinction between 'Eilu le'Shikli' and 'Eilu le'Chatasi'?

(b) Rebbi Yehudah disagrees. The Shekel is not fixed, he argues, and he goes on to prove it from the various occasions when they changed the amount to Darchonos, Sela'im and Teva'im.
How much is ...

  1. ... a Darchon?
  2. ... a Teva?
(c) Why did Chazal not permit changing to a Dinar?

(d) And how does Rebbi Shimon counter Rebbi Yehudah's argument?

(a) According to Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina quoting Rebbi Elazar, Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel argue specifically by someone who is saving his Shekel, Perutah by Perutah, but if he says on a pile of money 'Eilu le'Shikli', then even Beis Hillel will agree that the money goes to Nedavah. How do Rebbi Chiya and Rebbi Bibi quote Rebbi Elazar?

(b) Rav Bibi establishes Rebbi Shimon in our Mishnah (who says that by 'Eilu le'Shikli' the Mosar is Chulin - by a pile money according to everyone. How does Rebbi Yossi establish Rebbi Shimon?

(a) What will be the Din if someone designates a half-Shekel on the understanding that he is Chayav, and it turns out that he is Patur? Is the half-Shekel Kodesh?

(b) The Gemara asks what the Din will be if someone designates two half- Shekalim thinking that he is Chayav *two*, but it turns out that he is only Chayav *one*. The Sha'leh is resolved from a Beraisa regarding a similar case of someone who is Chayav a Chatas.
What does the Beraisa say?

(c) On what grounds does the Gemara reject this proof? What is the Gemara's conclusion ?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Nechemyah "*ve'He'emadnu* Aleinu Mitzvah Lases Shelishis ha'Shekel ba'Shanah l'Avodas Beis Elokeinu" (see Tiklin Chadtin's explanation to this Sugya)?

(b) And what do we learn from the fact that the Pasuk uses the Lashon "Shelishis ha'Shekel" (instead of 'Sh'lish')?

(c) What lesson in communal ethics do Chazal derive from here?

(d) They would draw money *three* times annually from the Lishkah, using *three* boxes.
How much did each box contain and what is the source for all these threes?

(a) What is the connection between the fact that they sinned at mid-day, that that is the equivalent of six hours, and the Machtzis-ha'Shekel?

(b) Nor is it a coincidence that a Shekel equals twenty Geirah.
What is the significance of that?

(c) And why must every firstborn be redeemed for twenty Dinrim?

(d) What is the connection between the sale of Yosef and the half-Shekel?

Answers to questions


Halachah 4


(a) What happens to the excess of half a Shekel if someone says concerning a handful of money 'Eilu le'Shikli'?

(b) Which principle governs the fact that Mosar Kinei Zavin ve'Zavos, ve'Yoldos, Chata'os and Ashamos, all go to Nedavah?

(c) What happens to ...

  1. ... Mosar Olah?
  2. ... Mosar Minchah?
  3. ... Mosar Shelamim?
  4. ... Mosar ha'Pesach?
(d) What is the difference between Mosar Nezirim and Mosar Nazir?
(a) When Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina visited Bavel, he heard Rav Yehudah ask Shmuel what would happen to the half-Shekel of someone who designated his coin and then died. What was Shmuel's reply?

(b) 'Mosar Asiris ha'Eifah, Kinei Zavin ve'Zavos, Mosar Kinei Yoldos, Chata'os va'Ashamos Nedavah'. This appears to corroborate the opinion of Rebbi Elazar, who holds that the Mosar Asiris ha'Eifah of the Kohen Gadol (the Chavitei Kohen Gadol) goes to Nedavah.
What does Rebbi Yochanan say with regard to the Mosar Asiris ha'Eifah of the Kohen Gadol?

(c) How does Rebbi Yochanan then explain the Beraisa?

(d) What is the basic difference between the Minchas Chavitin and the Minchas Chotei in this regard?

(a) Aba bar Ba wanted to know from where we know that Mosar ha'Pesach is brought as a Shelamim.
Who was Aba bar Ba?

(b) We learn it from the Pasuk in Vayikra "ve'Im min ha'Tzon Korbano le'Zevach Korbano" (written by Shelamim).
How do we know that that is not speaking about ...

  1. ... a Pesach in its time?
  2. ... a Mosar Olah?
  3. ... a Mosar Asham?
(c) How do we learn this from *"min* ha'Tzon"?

(d) The Gemara asks why we do not make a similar Derashah on a Pasuk written by Olah "ve'Im min ha'Tzon Korbano, min ha'Kevasim ... le'Olah". For which two reasons is it more logical to say that Mosar Pesach should be brought as a *Shelamim* than as an *Olah*?

(a) What is the problem with the above Derashah?

(b) According to the Gemara's conclusion, we learn the above, not from "min ha'Tzon", but from the word "ha'Tzon" which implies form *all* kinds of Tzon (i.e. sheep and goats).
What do we then learn from "Min"?

(a) Rebbi Yochanan disagrees with Rebbi Chanina, who says that a Pesach is only brought as a Shelamim if one specifically Shechted it as such, but not if he Shechted it as an Olah.
What does *he* learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra "Im min ha'Tzon Korbano le'Zevach Shelamim"?

(b) The Gemara asks whether if the Kohen Shechted the Mosar ha'Pesach with a Machsheves Pesul of an Olah, it will be Pasul even as a Shelamim. Why does the Gemara initially think that the Sha'lah cannot be with regard to someone who Shechted it as an Olah, having in mind to sprinkle its blood tomorrow?

(c) How does the Gemara repudiate this objection (see Tiklin Chadtin)?

(d) What is the Gemara's conclusion?

(a) They asked what the Din will be if, after Pesach, someone Shechted the Pesach Lishemo and she'Lo Lishemo.
What is the Sha'leh (See Tiklin Chadtin)?

(b) What does the Gemara answer?

(c) According to this, is there any reason why, if one Shechted a Mosar Pesach Lishemo in order to sprinkle the blood the following day, it should be Pasul?

(d) What causes the Gemara to retract from the decision (in b)?

Answers to questions
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