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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shekalim 5


(a) If the father left property and animals, it is possible to be Chayav both Kalbon and Ma'aser Beheimah, or to be Patur from both. When is one ...
  1. ... Chayav both?
  2. ... Patur from both?
(b) According to Rebbi Mana, one would sometimes be Patur from Kalbon, even in the former case.
When would that be?

(c) Rebbi Avin Amar Rebbi Shimi queries Rebbi Mana.
What does he ask him?

(d) What does Rebbi Mana answer?

(a) What does the Gemara ask on Rebbi Mana from 'Afilu Chalku ve'Chazru ve'Nishtatfu'?

(b) What does Rebbi Mana answer?

(a) With regard to the Din of Tefusas ha'Bayis (to exempt from Kalbon) is there any diference between Yerushah d'Oraysa and Yerushah de'Rabbanan - i.e. whether it is two sons inheriting from their father or two brothers- in-law from their father-in-law?

(b) According to Rebbi Meir, the Kalbonos went where the Shekalim went. What does Rebbi Elazar hold?

(c) According to Rebbi Shimon Shezuri, they were melted down and used to overlay the Kodesh ha'Kodoshim.
What happened to them, according to Ben Azai?

(d) And what do others say?

***** Hadran Alach 'be'Echad ba'Adar'! *****

***** Perek Metzarfin Shekalim *****

Halachah 1


(a) What does 'Metzarfin Shakalim le'Darkonos' mean, and what is the reason for this?

(b) What were the Shofros, and where were they placed?

(c) If, *after* money had been withdrawn from the Lishkah (the room in the Beis Hamikdash into which all the half-Shekalim were stored), the money of the town's half-Shekalim was stolen from the Shelichim on the way to Yerushalayim, the Shelichim would have to swear to the treasurers. What did they swear, and why to the treasurers and not to the townspeople who had sent them?

(d) What would the Din be if the same thing happened *before* the money was drawn? And what would the townspeople then have to do?

(a) What would happen to the second lot of money in the event that the money or the thief is found?

(b) Will they now be exempt from next year's half-Shekel?

(a) It would be a good idea to transfer the town's Shekalim into jewels to facilitate transportation.
Why is this not permitted?

(b) In what regard are 'old Shekalim' (someone who gives last year's half- Shekel) more stringent than this year's?

(c) There is a proof for this from the Mishnah in Bechoros, which says 'Atikin ba'Mikdash, ve'Ein Atikin bi'Medinah'.
How does the Rambam quote this Mishnah?

(a) Why does the Gemara confine the Din of a Sheliach (who becomes exempt from paying through swearing) to a Shomer Chinam, but not to a Shomer Sachar?

(b) Rebbi Aba disagrees. According to him, our Mishnah would even apply to a Shomer Sachar.
How can even a Shomer Sachar be exempt from theft or loss by swearing?

(c) Which Din in our Mishnah will change according to the opinion which holds 'Ein Tormin Al ha'Gavuy ve'Al he'Asid Ligavos'?

(a) Rebbi Elazar maintains that the author of our Mishnah, which exempts the townspeople from having to pay a second time through an oath, must be Rebbi Shimon.
Why is that? What does Rebbi Shimon hold?

(b) Rebbi Yochanan disagrees. *He* establishes the Mishnah even according to the Rabbanan of Rebbi Shimon.
How is that possible?

(c) The Reisha of the Mishnah rules 'Nitremah ha'Terumah, Nishba'in le'Gizbarin'. According to Rebbi Yochanan, this is because of the Takanas Chachamim.
What is the problem according to Rebbi Elazar?

Answers to questions



(a) How does the Gemara resolve the above Kashya on Rebbi Elazar?

(b) For which two reasons do the Shelichim need to swear in the presence of the treasurers?

(c) According to Rebbi Yochanan, does the Sheli'ach still need to swear once the townspeople have undertaken to pay?

(a) Until when is one held responsible on one's half-Shekel (to replace it should anything happen to it), according to Rebbi Yochanan?

(b) Does this even apply to a case where the money for the Korbanos has already been drawn from the Lishkah?

(c) Resh Lakish exempts one from responsibility from the moment one has set aside the money.
Why is that?

(d) How does Resh Lakish then explain our Mishnah, which obligates the Sheli'ach to swear to the townspeople (if the money was not yet drawn from the Lishkah), and the townspeople to pay?

(a) If the money or the thief is found, both sets of money remain in the domain of Hekdesh. The *original* money goes into the box marked 'Tiklin Chadtin'.
What happens to the *second* set?

(b) 'The original set' in this context, has two possible meanings.
What are they?

Halachah 2

(c) If a Sheli'ach, who was given Machtzis-ha'Shekel money to put into the Shofar for somebody else, placed it there for himself, when will he be Mo'el (the term for abusing Hekdesh property, for which one must pay a fine and bring a Korban Me'ilah)?

(d) If someone takes money which he designated for Bedek ha'Bayis, and, thinking that it was Chulin, he placed it in the Shofar, he is also Mo'el. From when on will *he* be Mo'el?

(a) In the Reisha of the Mishnah, the Tana writes 'Im Nisremah ha'Terumah, Ma'al.
According to Tana de'Bei Rebbi, does it make any difference whether they actually sacrificed the animals or not?

(b) Rebbi Shimon disagrees. According to him, one is Mo'el, as soon as the money is drawn from the Lishkah.
What does Rebbi Shimon say (with regard to paying the storekeeper for the various commodities for the Korbanos?

(c) If someone steals an Olah and sacrifices it, who receives the atonement?

(d) What problem does this create with the Din Me'ilah in our Mishnah?

(a) The Gemara establishes the Mishnah by a Shekel Mesuyam.
What does this mean?

(b) But the half-Shekel, asks the Gemara, may have been taken from the Shirayim?
So what if it was?

(c) The author of our Mishnah might well be Rebbi Meir, answers the Gemara (according to the Tiklin Chadtin).
How would that answer the Kashya? What does Rebbi Meir hold?

(d) Or it might even be the Rabbanan.
How is this possible?

(a) Only someone who benefits from Hekdesh brings a Korban Me'ilah.
What benefit do the two people in our Mishnah who are Mo'el, receive?

(b) Why is it not acceptable to ascribe the benefit to the Mitzvah of bringing a Korban?

(c) If someone used the Ma'aser-Sheini or Shevi'is money to pay his half- Shekel, he is not Mo'el.
Why not?

(d) What must one do if he did give such a coin for his Machtzis ha'Shekel?

Answers to questions
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