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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shekalim 4


(a) Levi'im, Yisraelim, Geirim and freed slaves had to pay Kalbon.
What is Kalbon and which four groups were exempt from paying it?

(b) If someone who was Patur from paying Kalbon borrowed from someone who was Chayav, was he obligated to pay Kalbon?

(c) How many Kalbonos did someone who paid one Shekel on behalf of himself and his friend (in the form of a loan) have to pay according to the Tana Kama, and what is the reason for this?

(d) What does Rebbi Meir hold in this case?

(a) How do we reconcile the Reisha of the Mishnah, which states that we claim the half-Shekel from a Katan, with the Seifa, which exempts him completely?

(b) Gentiles are permitted to bring voluntary sacrifices.
What do we learn from the Pasuk in Terumah "Daber el *B'nei Yisrael* ve'Yikchu Li Terumah"?

(c) Our Mishnah seems to places a Kuti on a par with a gentile. How does Rebbi Elazar establish the Mishnah even according to the Rabbanan of Rebbi, who considers Kutim to be gentiles in all regards?

(d) What is the proof for Rebbi Elazar from the Beraisa "Adam (Ki Yakriv)" - 'Lerabos es ha'Geirim; "Mikem (Korban)" - 'Lema'et es ha'Mumarin'?

(a) What is wrong with establishing the Seifa of the Mishnah (regarding Kinei Zavin ve'Zavos) by gentiles?

(b) So we establish the Reisha by gentiles and the Seifa by Kutim.
Is this acceptable?

(c) But did we not learn earlier (from Ezra), asks the Gemara, that one cannot accept anything from the Kutim for the building of the Beis Hamikdash? So how can we establish the Reisha by gentiles - and not by Kutim?
What distinction does Rebbi Yochanan make to reconcile the Mishnah with that Halachah? What is a Davar Mesuyam (see Tiklin Chadtin)?

(d) How will Rebbi Yochanan interpret the Beraisa: 'Ein Mekablin Meihen Hekdesh u'Nedavah le'Bedek ha'Bayis'?

(a) According to Resh Lakish, one may not even accept something that is not specific.
How will he establish our Mishnah?

(b) How will Resh Lakish explain the Mishnah in Erchin: 'ha'Kol Shavin she'Hein (Nochrim) Nodrin (ve'Nidarin)'?

(c) And how will he then interpret 've'Nidarin'? How can a gentile be forced to bring a sacrifice against his will?

(d) What remains difficult on Resh Lakish from the fact that every Neder and Nedavah requires Nesachim?

(a) Why is the above Kashya (that every Neder and Nedavah requires Nesachim - which goes towards purchasing K'lei Shares) just as much a Kashya on Rebbi Yochanan as it is on Resh Lakish?

(b) We answer Rebbi Yochanan with another Kashya from the Mishnah in Erchin: 'Ne'erachin ve'Orchin'.
What is the Kashya from there?

(c) How do we now answer both Kashyos with one stroke?

Answers to questions



(a) How does Resh Lakish explain the Pasuk in Ezra "Lo Lachem ve'Lanu Livnos es Beis Elokeinu", which implies that one may accept nothing at all from gentiles?

(b) May one accept donations towards the maintenence of Yerushalayim (such as the streams of water, the walls and the towers) from them?

(a) Why must the author of our Mishnah: 've'Eilu Chayavin be'Kalbon' ... be Rebbi Meir?

(b) How does Rebbi learn that from the Pasuk in Ki Sisa "Zeh Yitnu"?

(a) According to Rebbi Elazar, the author of our Mishnah: 'ha'Nosen Sela ve'Notel Shekel, Chayav Sh'tei Kalbonos' is Rebbi Meir.
Why does he give two Kalbonos?

(b) According to Rav, even the Rabbanan will agree that, in *this* case, one gives two Kalbonos.
Why is that?

(c) In that case, what does Rebbi Meir hold?

(a) Whenever partners are Chayav Kalbon, they are Patur from Ma'aser Beheimah.
When a father dies and leaves his sons animals, are they Chayav Ma'aser (and Patur from Kalbon) or Patur from Ma'aser (and Chayav Kalbon)?

(b) In which case then do they become Patur from Ma'aser Beheimah?

(c) Rebbi Elazar differentiates between when the brothers divide kids against kids and goats against goats, and when they divide kids against goats.
What is the difference?

(d) Rebbi Yochanan establishes the Petur from Ma'aser even if they divide kids against kids and goats against goats.
Why is that?

Answers to questions
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