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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Introduction to Shekalim

Shekalim 2

SHEKALIM 2 - has been generously dedicated by Lee and Marsha Weinblatt of Teaneck, N.J.

Halachah 1


(a) On the first of Adar, Beis-Din ha'Gadol issued two announcements: one concerning the Shekalim, the other, concerning Kil'ayim.
Where did they make the former, and what did they announce?

(b) What did the latter announcement comprise?

(c) On the fifteenth of Adar, the walled cities read the Megilah.
Why does the Tana not also inform us that on the fourteenth the cities without walls read it?

(a) They also repaired the paths, the public roads and the Mikva'os.
Why did they need to repair the roads specifically now?

(b) They also saw to all the public needs, went out to inspect the fields for Kil'ayim, and marked the graves.
What did the latter comprise, what purpose did it serve and why did they choose to do it now?

3) Why did they announce the Shekalim on the first of Adar?


(a) Why did they choose the first of Nisan as the new year for purchasing the Korbanos?

(b) Rebbi Tavi learns it from a Gezeirah Shavah "Chodshei" "Chodshei". Where are these two Pesukim written?

(c) According to Rebbi Yonah, Rebbi Tavi omitted the first half of the Beraisa.
According to him, what does the Gezeirah Shavah come to teach us?

(d) And what does the Beraisa learn from the word "be'Chodsh, le'Chodshei"?

(a) The Mishnah in Megilah confines the difference between the first Adar in a leap-year and the second, to Mikra Megilah and Matanos la'Evyonim. Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi adds the announcing of the Shekalim and of Kil'ayim. Why did they announce specifically in Adar *Sheini* ...
  1. ... the Shekalim?
  2. ... Kil'ayim?
(b) How many times a year and on what dates did they withdraw money from the Lishkah to purchase the Korbanos Tzibur?
Answers to questions



(a) What reason does the Gemara initially give for the three withdrawals annually?

(b) What is the problem with this explanation?

(c) What then, is the significance of *three* withdrawals?

(a) What is frightening about the following pairs of Pesukim:
  1. "Kol Nediv Lev Yevi'eha es Terumas Hashem" (Vayakhel) & "Vayisparku Kol ha'Am" (Ki Sisa)?
  2. "Vayotzei Moshe es ha'Am" (Yisro) & "Vatikrevun Elai Kulchem" (Devarim)?
  3. "Az Yashir Moshe u'Venei Yisrael" (Beshalach) & "Vatisa Kol ha'Eidah es Kolam" (Ki Sisa)?
(b) Rebbi Chiya bar Ba makes a similar observation from the Pasuk in Tzefanyah "Achein Hishkimu His'ivu".
What point is he making?

(c) Rebbi Ba bar Acha expressed surprise at the Jewish people, who always give.
To what was he referring?

(d) How does the Beraisa solve his problem from the Pasuk in Terumah "ve'Asisa *Kapores* Zahav Tahor"?

(a) To what do the following Pesukim in Terumah refer:
  1. "Daber el B'nei Yisrael ve'Yikchu Li Terumah"?
  2. "me'Eis Kol Ish Asher Yidevenu Libo Tikchu es Terumasi"?
  3. "ve'Zos ha'Terumah Asher Tikchu me'Itam"?
(b) What does the Gemara mean when it says 'Terumas Shekalim le'Korban Mah she'Yirtzu Ya'asu (Yavi'u)'?

(c) By which of the three gifts does the Torah write "The rich shall not give more, nor the poor, less"?

(d) Where else are the three gifts hinted?

(a) How does Rebbi Chelbo, who says that even a person who lived in a walled city can be Yotze Mikra Megilah on the *fourteenth*, explain our Mishnah, which gives the time for a walled city-dweller as the *fifteenth*?

(b) How does ...

  1. ... the Talmud Bavli ...
  2. ... Rebbi Chelbo ...
... explain the word in Megilas Esther "bi'Zemaneihem"?

(c) How do we attempt to reconcile Rebbi Chelbo with our Mishnah, which emphatically states that the time for people in a walled city to read the Megilah, is the *fifteenth*?

(d) What is then the Kashya on Rebbi Chelbo from the Beraisa 'Makom she'Nahagu Likrosah Sh'nei Yamim, Korin Osash Sh'nei Yamim'?

10) How do we reconcile Rebbi Chelbo with the above Beraisa?


(a) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi rules like Raban Shimon ben Gamliel concerning Adar Rishon and Adar Sheini.
What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say with regard to the Mitzvos that apply in Adar Sheini. Which are the only two Mitzvos that apply in both Adars according to him?

(b) 'Rebbi Chana de'Tzipori Hinhig ke'Raban Shimon ben Gamliel'.
What is the difference between Halachah and Hinhig?

(c) According to Rebbi Meir, in documents one writes 'Adar Rishon' in Adar Rishon (according to the text of the Gra) and 'Adar' in Adar Sheini.
What does Rebbi Yehudah hold?

Answers to questions

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