POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafShekalim 22
1) HALACHAH 3: WHERE SHOULD TAMEI KODESHIM BE BURNT
(a) (Beis Shamai) All meat is burned within, even if it became
Tamei outside, except for that which was Tamei by an Av
HaTumah which is burned outside.
2) WHAT DEFINES AV AND VLAD HATUMAH
(b) (Beis Hillel) All is burned outside except that which was
Tamei by a Vlad HaTumah which is found and burned inside
(c) (R. Eliezer) All Av HaTumah is burned outside while all Vlad
HaTumah is burned inside.
(d) (R. Akiva) Everything is burned where it became Tamei.
(a) (Bar Kaparah) Av HaTumah is M'd'Oreisa and Vlad HaTumah is
3) HALACHAH 4: PLACING THE PARTS OF THE ANIMALS; HEKDESH NOWADAYS
(b) (R. Yochanan) Both are M'd'Oreisa.
(c) Question: According to R. Yochanan, why does Beis Shamai
permit bringing the Vlad HaTumah meat inside?!
(d) Question: Further, why does Beis Hillel permit keeping the
Vlad HaTumah meat inside?!
(e) These above remain unanswered.
(f) Question: According to Bar Kaparah, Beis Shamai should
permit bringing Av HaTumah meat inside, just as it is
permitted to leave it within if it became Tamei there.
(g) Answer: Beis Shamai agrees with R. Akiva (and Vlad is
permitted to be brought within since it is d'Rabanan).
(h) Question: According to Bar Kaparah, Beis Hillel should
permit bringing the Vlad within!?
(i) Answer: They hold like R. Shimon (regarding making a
Gezeirah to equate d'Rabanan and d'Oreisa Tumah).
(a) The parts of the Tamid are placed on the western side of the
lower half of the ramp
4) THE KARKOV
(b) The parts of the Musafin are on the eastern side.
(c) The parts of Rosh Chodesh Musaf are above them on the
(d) Shekalim and Bikurim are not practiced without a Mikdash.
(e) Ma'aser (grain and animals) and firstborn are practiced.
(f) One who is Makdish Shekalim and Bikurim creates Hekdesh.
(g) (R. Shimon) Bikurin cannot be designated without Mikdash.
(a) The Karkov was the located where the Kohanim would walk.
5) PRECEDENCE BETWEEN THE MUSAF OF SHABBOS AND ROSH CHODESH
(a) Question: Which is brought first, the Musaf of Rosh Chodesh
6) MAKING KEDUSHAH WITHOUT A MIKDASH
(b) Answer: Rosh Chodesh, based on the Shirah, where the Rosh
Chodesh was sung first.
(c) (R. Yosah) Shirah is not applicable since it was sung first
to avoid the People's confusion.
(d) Rather, the principle of the more regular taking precedence
is applicable here, and the Shabbos is offered first.
(a) Question: May we infer that R. Shimon holds that Shekalim
*may* be designated (since he only precluded Bikurim (3.g.
(b) Answer: (R. Shimon b. Yehudah) R. Shimon holds that Shekalim
would also not become Kadosh (unlike the inference from our
(c) A convert must designate the funds for his Korbanos (even as
he cannot bring them without a Mikdash).
(d) (R. Shimon) R. Yochanan b. Zakai annulled that designation
because of an impediment.
(e) Question: What was the impediment?
(f) Answer: No Hekdesh can be made for fear of Me'ilah.
(g) Any Hekdesh (money or animals) designated must be destroyed.
(h) We can prove from the above that even after R. Yochanan b.
Zakai eliminated the designation, it still is binding.
(i) Question: We said that the convert who designates his Kinin
creates Kedushah (and they money must be destroyed), yet the
Bereisa teaches that designated Shekalim are not Kadosh!?
HADRAN ALACH KOL HAROKIN USLIKA LA MASECHTA D'SHEKALIM!
(j) Answer: The Shekalim are tied to Mikdash, and there is no
guarantee that they will *ever* be usable; whereas money set
aside for Korbanos will, sooner or later, be usable.
(k) (R. Hamnuna and R. Ada b. Ahavah citing Rav) The Halachah is
like R. Shimon (of our Mishnah, that Bikurim do not become
Kadosh, but coins of Shekalim or the Korban HaGer do become
On to Yoma