POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafShekalim 14
1) THE APPOINTEES OF THE BEIS HAMIKDASH (cont'd)
(a) Nechunyah dug water pits and knew the water content of rocks
1. His son died of thirst.
(b) Gevini was the "caller" who called those who served in the
2. (R. Chaninah) Whoever says that HaShem ignores and
3. Thus the evil are not always punished owing to HaShem's
forbearance, not owing to his sins being overlooked.
4. All debts are paid in the end.
5. Two alternate sources for HaShem being extremely particular
with the righteous.
6. The daughter of the Chasid who dug pits for the communal
good was miraculously saved.
1. King Agripas heard him a distance of 8 Parsa.
(c) Be Gever was appointed to the closing of the gates.
2. Agripas gave Gevini many gifts.
1. Rav was the Metargem for Rav Shila (Yoma 20b) and explained
Krias HaGever to refer to Gevini.
(d) Ben Bavi was over the bundles, who would match up the wicks.
2. Question: Why not explain it to refer to a rooster?
3. Answer: We know that Ben *Gever* is a person!
1. R. Yosi attempted to appoint administrators in a community.
(e) Ben Arzah was over the cymbals.
2. They declined, citing sources.
3. He responded by citing the fact that Ben Bavi, with a
relatively insignificant task, was included among the greats
of his generation, how much more so those with critical
1. His job, striking the note for the Leviim to begin their
playing, is mentioned in the Bereisa.
(f) Hugras Ben Levi (over the songs of the Leviim) had a magnificent
voice, as described.
(g) Beis Garmu over the Lechem HaPanim.
1. The story is recorded regarding this family's unique ability
to bake the bread and remove it properly.
(h) Beis Avtinas over the Ketores.
2. Others were brought in an attempt to unseat them.
3. They would not teach others so that the bread might never be
made for idolatry by others.
4. They never had clean bread, to be above suspicion.
1. They, too, would not teach their craft to others, and others
were, similarly, brought in.
2. As with Beis Garmu, the newcomers could not match them
(here, too, the differences are detailed).
3. Here, too, their salaries were doubled to entice them to
come back to their roles.
4. They were never perfumed, to avoid suspicion.
5. Still, there was a critique, as in the incident of the child
of the house of Avtinas.
6. Another incident with a child of the house of Avtinas spoke
of their sensitivity to the honor of their family, the honor
due to the righteous and to preserving their family secret.
7. Their reputation was redeemed when an elder of their family
passed the family secret to R. Yochanan b. Nuri.
(i) Elazar over (those who wove) the Paroches.
2) HALACHAH 2: OTHER APPOINTEES
(j) Pinchas over the (fitting of) the clothes.
(a) There were no fewer than 7 Amarcalim and 3 treasurers.
3) OTHER SENIOR APPOINTMENTS
(b) No authority is given over the community to less than two people.
1. There are two exceptions listed who were alone.
2. They won the widespread confidence of the people.
(a) There are no fewer than two Katlikin, based on the Pasuk.
4) AUTHORITY GIVEN TO LESS THAN TWO
1. The Pasuk indicates 3 treasurers, 7 Amarcalim (above the
treasurers) and 2 Katlikin at the top.
(b) When a treasury room was closed for later use, each authority, in
ascending authority would seal the door with his seal.
2. These answer to the King and the Kohen HaGadol.
(c) This procedure was reversed to open the treasury, starting with
the King who saw his seal undamaged and broke it, followed by the
Kohen HaGadol, etc.
(a) (R. Nachman citing R. Mana) The source is the plural in the Pasuk
5) MOSHE AND HIS WEALTH
(a) Moshe became wealthy from the fragment of the Luchos.
6) HALACHAH 3: PURCHASING THE NESACHIM
(b) In Moshe's tent was a mine of precious stones and gems.
(c) The People looked after Moshe... (Shemos 33:8)
1. Some interpret this ungenerously (suspecting profiteering).
2. Some interpret this generously (to merit seeing the Tzadik).
(a) There were four (or five-Ben Azai) seals/tickets in the Mikdash.
7) THE TICKET FOR THE POOR SINNER
(b) Each represented a different quantity of Nesachim for a Korban.
(c) Korbanos of like quantities shared like tickets.
(d) The procedure began with paying Yochanan and receiving a ticket.
(e) The ticket was given to Ben Achyah who supplied the Nesachim.
(f) An night Achyah brought the tickets to Yochanan and received his
money (shortfalls were made up by Yochanan's personal funds) and
overage went to Hekdesh.
(g) If one lost his ticket he had to wait for the night's accounting.
(h) The tickets were dated to avoid fraud.
(a) Question: That ticket should be identical with the Gedi!?
(b) Answer: The Metzora needed an extra Log of oil.
1. According to Rabanan he brought his own oil (a savings).
(c) Question: What Nesachim are brought for a Rachel (female Ayil)?
(d) Answer: It can be inferred from the Mishnah (similar to the Gedi,
undifferentiated between young and mature, male and female).
(e) This is derived from the Pasuk which declares the Nesachim of the
Egel and Shor to be the same.