POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafShekalim 7
SHEKALIM 6-8 (1-3 Teves) - the Dafyomi study for the last days of Chanukah
and 3 Teves has been dedicated to the memory of Hagaon Rav Yisrael Zev
Gustman ZaTZaL (author of "Kuntresei Shiurim") and his wife (on her
Yahrzeit), by a student who merited to study under him.
1) SURPLUS FUNDS OF THE NAZIR
(a) [R. Chisda] The surplus is Nedavah if the last Korban he brought
was his Chatas; but if it was his Shelamim, then the surplus is
2) HALACHAH 5: ADDITIONAL HALACHOS OF SURPLUS
(b) [R. Zeira] The surplus of a Nazir is *always* Nedavah.
(c) There is a Bereisa to support each position:
1. In support of R. Zeira we learn that even where the funds of
Chatas are mixed in with unspecified Nazir funds, the funds
remain unspecified (and they are Nedavah).
(d) [R. Chisda] Surplus funds for the Nazir's Matzos are left to
2. In support of R. Chisda we learn from the silence of the
Bereisa which teaches that the remaining funds may be used
as Shelamim, *not* that the balance goes to Nedavah.
1. R. Yosi agrees that there is no other option since:
(e) It was assumed that the same Din would apply to Nesachim.
2. Bread cannot be offered alone nor can another Nazir use it.
(f) [R. Yosi b. R. Bun] As Kodeshei Kodeshim, Nesachim go to Nedavah.
(g) Three Amoraim agree that surplus Kodeshei Kodeshim go to Nedavah.
(a) Surplus of funds designated for redeeming captives is retained
for that Mitzvah.
3) SURPLUS FUNDS FOR THE NEEDS OF THE DECEASED
(b) However if they were designated for a particular captive, the
surplus is given to that captive.
(c) The same is true for funds collected for the poor, or for *a poor
(d) The same for burial funds (the surplus goes to the inheritors).
(e) [R. Meir] The surplus for that deceased await Eliyahu.
(f) [R. Noson] The surplus is used for his tombstone.
(a) If funds were collected under the mistaken assumption that the
deceased did not have money:
4) SWITCHING FUNDS FROM ONE CAUSE TO ANOTHER
1. [R. Yirmiyah] They are surplus as in our Mishnah.
(b) In addition to the tombstone, fragrance may be purchased.
2. [R. Idi] The donors intended the deceased, not his Yorshim!
3. [R. Yirmiyah] I never taught you such a response!
(a) Funds may not be changed from one cause to the other.
5) MONUMENTS TO THE RIGHTEOUS
(b) The Gabbai Tzedakah are permitted to switch the funds, as this
was the understanding of the donor.
(a) It is not necessary to build monuments to the righteous and their
words and deeds are their memorial.
6) GREETING ONE'S SENIOR
(a) R. Yochanan commented to R. Chiya (upon whom he leaned when he
walked) that R. Eliezer, from Bavel, conducted himself with two
1. He does not greet me.
(b) R. Yakov explained that in Bavel the lesser scholar does not
greet the greater one, as per the Pasuk in Iyov (Zeira did not
2. He hides from me.
(c) Question [R. Yakov of R. Yochanan]: Is one permitted to walk past
(d) Answer: You do not give it honor by walking past it, nor should
you show fear of it by avoiding it!
(e) Question: Then R. Eliezer has done well in avoiding you!
(f) R. Yochanan further complained that R. Eliezer does not cite him.
(g) R. Ami and R. Asi related the tragedy which can result from anger
over matters in a Beis HaMedrash.
(h) R. Yochanan responded that those scholars were peers and should
not have been angered, but R. Eliezer is my student!
7) DOVID HAMELECH AND THE BEIS HAMIKDASH
(i) R. Yakov b. Idi said that it is *understood* that R. Eliezer is
relating the teachings of his teacher, R. Yochanan, just as it
was clear that Yehoshua was relating the teachings of Moshe.
(j) R. Yochanan was pleased with this response.
(k) Question: Why was R. Yochanan so anxious that his teachings be
cited by name?
(l) Answer: Dovid HaMelech prayed similarly.
1. He seems to have requested to live forever (!?).
(m) The lips of the scholar who is cited move in his grave.
2. He requested that his prayers (Tehilim) and Halachos endure.
(n) Question: Of what benefit is this to the scholar?
(o) Answer: Like Konditon or like old wine (see Korban HaEidah) whose
flavor endures even after it is drunk.
(p) One who cites another should image the cited scholar standing
(q) The Pasuk which refers to one who faithfully recalls the sources
of his teaching is R. Zeira.
1. He said of R. Sheshes (who could not see) that one may not
reliably depend on his citations.
2. Since he is relying on voice identification alone.
3. Here we see here, and from two other incidents, how careful
R. Zeira was regarding citations.
(a) The scoffers in the generation of Dovid HaMelech were the worst.
Hadran Alach Metzarfin Shekalim
(b) They would ask him when will the Beis HaMikdash be built.
(c) They did this knowing that it will only be built after Dovid's
passing (his son would build it).
(d) Dovid was actually pleased with their scorn.
(e) HaShem told Dovid that He will not shorten Dovid's days since the
Tzedakah and Mishpat of Dovid is more precious than the offerings
to be brought in the Beis HaMikdash which Shlomo will build.
*****PEREK BESHELOSHAH PERAKIM*****
1) HALACHAH 1: DATES FOR MA'ASER BEHEIMAH
(a) Three times annually funds would be taken from the Lishkah.
2) THE "PRAS" OF DAYS
1. With the arrival of Pesach ("Pras").
(b) [R. Akiva] The same times are granary dates also used for Ma'aser
2. With the arrival of Shavuos.
3. With the arrival of Sukkos.
(c) [Ben Azai] The dates are 29 Adar, 1 Sivan and 29 Av.
(d) [R. Elazar and R. Shimon] 1 Nisan, 1 Sivan and 29 Elul.
1. Question: Why did they use 29 Elul (and not 1 Tishrei)?
2. Answer: 1 Tishrei is Rosh HaShanah, and the markings of the
Ma'aser animal cannot be done on that day.
(a) The term "Pras" always means half (in this case, half of 30 days
which are preparatory to the Chag).