POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Introduction to ShekalimShekalim 2
SHEKALIM 2 - has been generously dedicated by Lee and Marsha Weinblatt of
1) MISHNAH: INTRODUCTION TO SHEKALIM
(a) On the first of Adar:
2) THE SOURCE FOR NISAN AS THE START OF THE SHEKALIM YEAR
1. The Shekalim were announced.
(b) On the fifteenth of Adar:
2. A warning regarding Kilayim was announced.
1. The Megila was read.
2. The roads and Mikvaos were repaired (from winter damage).
3. General communal needs were arranged and graves were marked.
4. Agents of Beis Din went out to (destroy remaining) Kilayim.
(a) Question: Why was this announcement made on the first of Adar?
(b) Answer: So that Bnei Yisrael might bring their Shekalim on time
and the purchases made from the Terumas HaLishka would be made
from the new donations (on the first of Nisan).
(c) This parallels the date of the first such purchase in the
(d) [R. Tavi] This date is derived from a Gezeirah Shavah (Chodshei).
(e) [R. Yona, questioning R. Tavi] It comes from l'Chodshei HaShanah.
(f) Question: What is (or, why) Mashmi'im (let it be heard)?
(g) Answer: It means (or, because of) Machrizim (announce) as in the
(h) To the Mishnah which lists the differences between Adar I and
Adar II, R. Simon adds our laws (the announcements).
(i) R. Yosi says that this is logically correct, since the
announcements on Adar I would be too early.
(j) Then (it would seem that) those living in Bavel should announce
earlier owing to their greater distance.
(k) Question: But there was no expectation that they bring their
Shekalim by Nisan
1. We see from the Mishnah that purchases were made from the
Lishka three times a year.
2. This implies that those at greater distance were allowed to
bring their Shekalim until the third purchase, Sukkos!
(l) Answer: All the Shekalim were brought as one (by Nisan), and the
Mishna only divided the purchase points to make it public.
3) THE POWERFUL DRIVE OF EVIL
(a) Three instances which show how, when good needed to be done, only
the generous came forward, but when evil was in the offing, all
4) THREE TERUMOS
(b) The Prophet Tzefanya also rebuked the People regarding their
alacrity in doing evil.
(c) The nature of this People is difficult to understand (they just
*give*), as they gave generously to the Calf, as well as to the
(d) Actually, the Mishkan was to *atone* for the Calf.
(a) The Pasuk in Parshas Terumah refers to three donations:
5) READING THE MEGILA ON THE FOURTEENTH
1. Half-Shekel each towards the Adanim.
(b) Each of the donations went to its own purpose:
2. Half-Shekel for their Shekalim.
3. Donations for the Mishkan.
1. The donations to the Mishkan were unrestricted donations,
with unrestricted use in the Mishkan.
(c) The Pasuk in Ki Sisa also refers to the three donations.
2. The Shekalim could only be used for the Korbanos.
3. Every Jew's portion had to be equal as well regarding the
Shekalim for the Adanim.
(a) [R. Chelbo] It is permitted to read the Megila on the fourteenth
(even for those whose obligation is on the fifteenth).
6) ADAR I AND ADAR II
(b) The Pasuk which, apparently, restricts each person to their day
only, is coming to teach that on a leap year the Mitzvos are to
be performed on Adar II, not Adar I (following the understanding
of the Korban HaEida).
(c) Our Mishnah which says otherwise must be speaking l'Chatchila,
while R. Chelbo was speaking b'di'Eved.
(d) Question: But, then, why should there be doubtful cities wherein
we read on both days (if b'di'Eved the 14th is acceptable)?!
(e) Answer: Indeed, I also disagree with R. Chelbo.
(f) If we would *not* have those cities read again on the 15th,
others would learn an error and the 15th would be uprooted!
(a) [R. Shimon b. Gamliel] All the Mitzvos of Adar only appear on
Adar II with the exceptions of fasting and eulogizing which are
prohibited in both months.
(b) This is Hinhig (the law for those who ask) not Halachah (publicly
(c) There is a dispute regarding dating contracts on Adar.
1. R. Meir holds that Adar II is the assumed Adar.
2. R. Yehudah holds that Adar I is the assumed Adar.