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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shabbos 152


(a) "ba'Yom she'Yazu'u Shomrei ha'Bayis". Shlomoh describes how the functions of the major limbs decreases with the advent of old age. What did he mean by ...
  1. ... "Shomrei ha'Bayis"?
  2. ... "Anshei he'Chayil"?
  3. ... "ha'Tochnos"?
  4. ... 'ha'Ro'os ba'Arubos"?
(b) What did Rebbi Yehoshua mean when he explained to the Emperor that he did not attend the debates (with the Tzedokim) because 'the mountain is snowy, it is surrounded with ice, the dogs are not barking and the teeth are not grinding?

(c) What did the Bei Rav mean when they said that they were searching for something that they did not lose?

(d) Why are two better than three, and what is the one that sadly, has passed and will never return?

(a) If youth is a crown of roses, what is old age?

(b) What are the benefits of chewing one's food well?

(c) From which age is it better to eat less and to drink more?

(d) That Guza'ah insulted Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah by means of his name; Rebbi Yehoshua paid him back by means of his status. What are these referring to? Based on the Pasuk in Tehilim "Nachalas Hashem Banim", what was Rebbi Yehoshua's ultimate triple-curse?

(a) Rebbi Shimon ben Chalafta explained why he had not gone to greet his Rebbi, Rebbi Yehudah ha'Nasi on Yom-Tov: it was because 'Sela'im Na'asu Gevo'im, Kerovim Na'asu Rechokim, mi'Shetayim Na'asu Shalosh, Mesim Shalom ba'Bayis Batel'.
What did he mean?

(b) Shlomoh then describes how the various organs that deal with the food cease to function. What does he mean by ...

  1. ... "Delasayim ba'Shuk"?
  2. ... "bi'Shefal Kol ha'Tachanah"?
(c) Even what will arouse a person from his sleep, when old age sets in?

(d) What other sign does Shlomoh speak of, that signifies old age?

(a) Barzilai ha'Gil'adi who was eighty, claimed that advanced old age had already set in; which three things did he complain of?

(b) His claim however, was not justified. Some argue that he was lying. What do others say?

(c) What distinction does Iyov draw between old Talmidei-Chachamim and old Amei-ha'Aretz?

(d) The Pasuk in Iyov continues ...

  1. ... "Gam mi'Gavo'ah Yir'u" ...
  2. ... "ve'Chatchatim ba'Derech".
These apply to *all* kinds of old men alike - learned and unlearned. What do they mean?
(a) Shlomoh Hamelech goes on describing the lower half of the body - as it weakens with old age. What does he mean by ...
  1. ... "ve'Yanetz ha'Shaked"?
  2. ... "ve'Yistabel he'Chagav"?
(b) Why did Rav sigh, when Rav Kahana read the Pasuk "ve'Safer ha'Aviyonah"?

(c) If a woman is no more than a flask full of Tzo'ah which has an opening full of blood, then why do all the men run after her?

(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Koheles "Ki Holech Adam el Beis *Olamo*"?

(a) What do Chazal mean when they say that what a man does in his younger years blackens him in his old age?

(b) What effect do the worms have on a man after his death?

(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Vayechi "Vaya'as le'Aviv Evel Shiv'as Yamim"?

(d) What does one do to pacify the Soul of a person who dies when there is no-one to mourn for him?

Answers to questions



(a) There are two opinions regarding up to when a dead person knows what is being said about him. One learns from the Pasuk in Iyov "Ach Besaro Yich'av Alav, ve'Nafsho Alav Te'abel"; the other, from the Pasuk in Koheles "ve'Yashuv he'Afar el ha'Aretz Ka'asher Hayah".
What are the two opinions?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Koheles "ve'ha'Ru'ach Tashuv el ha'Elokim *Asher Nesan'ah*"?

(c) What Mashal do Chazal give about the King's clothes to illustrate this?
How does this fit with the Pesukim in Yeshayah and Shmuel l respectively:
"Yavo be'Shalom, Yanuchu Al Mishkevosam" & "Vehaysa Nefesh Adoni Tzerurah bi'Tzeror ha'Chayim"; and from Yeshayah and Shmuel l respectively: "Ein Shalom, Amar Hashem la'Resha'im" & "ve'Es Nefesh Oyvecha Yekal'ena Besoch Kaf ha'Kela"?

8) What is Kaf ha'Kela (according to Rashi)?


(a) According to Shmuel, both the Souls of the Resha'im and of the Benonim are handed over to Domeh.
  1. Who is Domeh?
  2. What is then the difference between the Souls of the Resha'im and those of the Benonim?
(b) The long deceased Rav Achai bar Yeshayah surprised the grave-diggers by coughing at them, to draw attention to his presence. How did he reconcile his existence with the Pasuk in Koheles "ve'Yashov he'Afar el ha'Adamah ke'Shehayah"?

(c) Nor was Rav Achai impressed with Rav Nachman's knowledge of Tenach. What did he retort when Rav Nachman invited him to leave his grave and go home?

(d) What does the Pasuk in Bereishis mean when it writes "Ki Afar Ata, ve'El Afar Tashuv" (which applies to all descendants of Adam ha'Rishon)?

10) Having learnt above that the Souls of Tzadikim are stored underneath G-d's Throne, how was it possible for the witch of Ein Dor to conjure up the Soul of Shmuel for King Shaul?

Answers to questions
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