REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafShabbos 148
(a) Rav Ivya's hand became dislocated.
**** Hadran Alach, 'Chavis'! ****
Why did he think that he was
allowed to rub it hard with water to set it in place (in spite of our
Mishnah, which forbids it)?
(b) What did Rav Yosef tell him?
**** Perek Sho'el ****
(a) What care must one take when asking to borrow a vessel on Shabbos, and
Chazal are normally particular that one makes a Shinuy on Yom-Tov. Why
then, did they permit filling a jar with water, without ...
(b) How does one borrow or buy on credit, if the lender or the seller does
not trust the borrower?
(c) People *do* sometimes say 'Halveni' instead of 'Hash'ileni', yet one
still tends to write down details of the loan.
So why are we not afraid,
that on Shabbos, even if one *does* say 'Hash'ileni', one may still come to
write down the details?
Answers to questions
- ... using a small jar instead of a large one?
- ... using a large jar instead of a small one?
- ... covering it with a cloth?
- ... covering it with a lid?
(a) Why did the Rabbanan not protest, when they saw people clapping their
hands and dancing etc., despite the fact that Chazal have forbidden these
(b) Is this principle confined to Isurim de'Rabbanan?
(c) From where do we know this?
(a) When does Hillel permit a woman to borrow a loaf of bread without
assessing its value and turning it into a loan, and when does he forbid it?
(b) Rav Yosef forbids something that is borrowed on Yom-Tov to be
re-claimed in Beis-Din.
(c) Rabah disagrees with him.
(d) According to Rabah, why does our Mishnah prescribe leaving a security,
since he can anyway re-claim his article after Yom-Tov?
(a) 'ha'Shochet es ha'Parah, ve'Chilka be'Rosh Hashanah, Im Hayah Chodesh
What alternative is there to taking a security for a loan on Shabbos?
Does this Mishnah not present Rav Yosef (who says that
a Yom-Tov loan is not re-claimable) with a problem? According to him,
'Meshamet' does not seem to any sense?
(b) And how does he learn the Seifa, which states 've'Im La'av, Eino
Meshamet' - since he cannot re-claim it anyway?
(c) In that case, what does the Reisha mean when it says 'Meshamet'? Since
when is it forbidden to accept the repayment of a loan in the Shemitah, if
it is offered ("Lo Yigos" [Re'ei] is a prohibition on not *claiming* the
loan, not on not accepting it if it is offered!)
(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei "ve'Zeh Devar ha'Shemitah"
(a) Rebbi Yochanan permits one to declare one's Pesach Hekdesh on Shabbos,
and one's Chagigah on Yom-Tov.
What proof does the Gemara attempt to bring
from our Mishnah for Rebbi Yochanan, from the Din of 've'Chen Erev Pesach
bi'Yerushalayim she'Chal Lihyos be'Shabbos, Mani'ach Talis Etzlo' etc.? How
does the Gemara initially understand this Mishnah?
(b) How does the Gemara reject the proof from there? What *is* the Mishnah
(c) How do we reconcile our Mishnah, which permits being designated as a
participant on the Korban Pesach on Yom-Tov, with the Mishnah in Beitzah,
which writes 'Ein Nimnin al ha'Beheimah ba'Techilah be'Yom-Tov'?
(a) Rebbi Hoshaya quotes a Beraisa: 'Holech Adam Eitzel Ro'eh ha'Ragil
Etzlo, ve'Nosen Lo T'le le'Pischo u'Makdisho' etc. The Gemara explains
that, since he was aquainted with the shepherd, the shepherd had already
declared the animal Hekdesh before Yom-Tov, so there is no proof from here
for Rebbi Yochanan's Din. Why is there no proof from the fact that the
Beraisa says explicitly 'u'Makdisho'?
(b) What does Rebbi Yochanan do with the Stam Mishnah in Beitzah, which
rules 'Ein Makdishin' - even on Yom-Tov, how much more so on Shabbos?
(a) May one count out lists of food or of people on Shabbos?
Answers to questions
(b) What care should one take when distributing portions by drawing lots on
Shabbos to the members of one's family?
(c) May the Kohanim distribute their portions of Kodshei Mizbei'ach by