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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shabbos 140


(a) If one kneaded mustard on Erev Shabbos, what Shinuy would one have to make when softening it (using water or wine), and why is that?

(b) Abaye and Rava initially ruled not like Rebbi Yochanan; later, they ruled like him.
Why was that?

(c) What is the Gemara's final ruling?

(d) 've'Nosen Lesocho Devash, ve'Lo Yitrof Ela Me'arev'.
What does this mean?

(a) What do cress and garlic that were ground before Shabbos have in common with regard to their preparation on Shabbos?

(b) Since it is permitted to prepare Anumlin (wine, honey and peppers) on Shabbos, why is it forbidden to prepare Aluntis (vintage wine, clear water and balsam).

(c) What did Rav Yosef mean when, after drinking one cup of Aluntis, he said that, had they given a second one, he would have been afraid to have lost some of his reward in the World to Come?

(d) Why did Aluntis not affect Mar Ukva, who drank it every day?

(a) Chiltis (Assa foetida) is a sharp spice. What is it used for?

(b) On Shabbos, may one ...

  1. ... soak it?
  2. ... place it in vinegar?
(c) May one soak vetch (horse-beans) in water, rub them (to separate the refuse), or sift the chaff from the straw on Shabbos?

(d) May one place them in a sieve or a basket (from which the refuse sometimes falls out) - and, in the latter case, carry the sieve to the feeding trough?

(a) Is one Chayav a Chatas for soaking a raw piece of meat in water?

(b) What has one transgressed if one soaks Chiltis in warm water?

(c) Why did Rebbi Yanai tell Rebbi Yochanan that soaking Chiltis is even forbidden in cold water, when our Mishnah specifically restricts the Isur to *warm* water?

(a) Is one permitted to drink Chiltis on Shabbos?

(b) What did Rav Huna rule with regard to someone who took Chiltis on Thursday and Friday, and wished to soak some in cold water on Shabbos, to take for the third consecutive day?

(c) Was this ruling like Rebbi Yossi, or even according to the Rabbanan?

(a) Why might rubbing freshly-laundered linen clothes be forbidden?

(b) Why, in fact, is it permitted?

(c) Why is it then forbidden to rub a freshly laundered Sudar (head-cloth)?

(d) They used to hang freshly-laundered clothes on a wooden rod to dry. Why were they careful to remove the dry clothes from the rod, rather than the rod from the dry clothes? When were they permitted even to remove the rods from the clothes?

Answers to questions


7) Rav Chisda's advice to Talmidei-Chachamim:

(a) When is a bunch of vegetables Muktzah?

(b) Meat hanging on a rope to dry is not Muktzah, fish, is.

(c) Why did the Gemara initially think that it is wrong to stand on a bed on which a man and his wife usually sleep?

(d) What advice did Rav Chisda give to someone who wanted to buy bunches of vegetables or canes?

(a) Why should a poor Talmid-Chacham avoid eating vegetables?

(b) Why did Rav Chisda himself not eat vegetables even after he became wealthy?

(c) How should a poor Talmid-Chacham organize his eating times?

(d) What was Rav Chisda, before he became wealthy, careful to do before he recited a Motzi?

(a) Is it correct to say that a person transgresses 'Bal Tashchis' when he eats barley-bread rather than wheat-bread, or drinks wine rather than beer?

(b) They used to wash their hands with oil - before Mayim Acharonim.
What was a good replacement for oil?

(c) What is special about the neck of an animal?

(d) Rav Chisda guaranteed that the excellent flax grown in the area of the River Aba would last a year.
Why was it called 'Kitunisa', and how often did clothes made from that flax require washing?

(a) On what sort of mat should one avoid sitting?

(b) Why should one not give one's clothes to his hostess to wash?

(c) Among the things that Shmuel advised his daughters was to behave modestly and not to eat bread in front of their husbands. He also warned them not to eat vegetables, dates and beer at night-time.
Why not?

(d) What did he advise them with regard to relieving themselves, and with regard to asking who was at the door when someone knocked?

(a) Our Mishnah permits placing straw in a sieve
What does Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov say about this?

(b) 'Gorfin Milifnei ha'Petem, u'Mesalkin li'Tzedadim Mipnei ha'Re'i, Divrei Rebbi Dosa'.
What is a Petem, and why is this necessary?

(c) Why does the Tana need to tell us that one is permitted to take the barley and the straw from in front of one animal to place in front of another? Why might this be forbidden?

(a) The Chachamim argue with Rebbi Dosa, to forbid what he permits.
What would their reason be for disputing ...
  1. ... his first statement ('Gorfin' ...)?
  2. ... his second statement ('u'Mesalkin')?
(b) With which of these do they, in fact, disagree?

(c) Seeing as Rebbi Dosa agrees with the Chachamim that all this is forbidden in a feeding-trough which is directly on the ground, what is their Machlokes?

(a) Our Mishnah, which permits taking the food from one kind of animal to give to another, speaks specifically about taking from a donkey and giving to an ox (and not vice-versa).
Why is a donkey described as 'Piha Yafeh' and an ox as 'Piha Ra'?

(b) Why then, in another Beraisa, does the Tana describe the donkey as 'Piha Ra', and the ox, as 'Piha Yafeh'?

Answers to questions
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