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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shabbos 131


(a) According to Rebbi Eliezer, the Machshirei Shtei ha'Lechem over-ride Shabbos.
From where do we know this? What does the Machshirei Shtei ha'Lechem comprise?

(b) What Pircha can one ask that threatens to prevents learning the Shtei ha'Lechem from the Omer?

(c) On what basis do we ignore the Pircha?

2) What is the significance of the Pesukim in Emor:
  1. "mi'Yom Havi'achem"?
  2. "Tavi'u (Lechem Tenufah)"?
(a) The above Gezeirah Shavah comes to teach us that we cannot take Machshirei Mitzvah for granted, and that certain Machshirei Mitzvah do not over-ride Shabbos.
Why can this not apply to Machshirei Lulav, Sucah, Matzah and Shofar?

(b) The Gemara concludes that the exceptions are, in fact, Machshirei Tzitzis and Mezuzah.
What Chilul Shabbos might apply there?

(c) Rav Yosef thought that these two Mitzvos are different, because they are not time-bound, like the other above-mentioned Mitzvos are.
What objection did Abaye raise to that contention?

(d) What reason does the Gemara finally give to distinguish between these two Mitzvos and the Mitzvos which *do* over-ride Shabbos?

4) Seeing as one is only obligated to attach Tzitzis to a garment that one is actually wearing, how does the statement 'Kol Sha'ata ve'Sha'ata Zemanei Hu' apply to the Mitzvah of Tzitzis?

Answers to questions



(a) According to Rebbi Eliezer, Machshirei Lulav over-ride Shabbos from "ba'Yom ha'Rishon" (Parshas Emor);'"ba'Yom" - even on Shabbos'. Why can he not learn it from a 'Mah Matzinu' from the Omer and the Shtei ha'Lechem?

(b) How does Rebbi Eliezer know to learn from "ba'Yom", *Machshirei* Lulav over-ride Shabbos, and not just the Mitzvah of Lulav itself?

(c) What do the Rabbanan learn from "ba'Yom"?

(d) Rebbi Eliezer learns *that* from "u'Semachtem Lifnei Hashem Elokeichem Shiv'as *Yamim*" (Emor); "Yamim" - ve'Lo Leilos. Why do the Rabbanan not preclude night-time from there?

(a) Why can Rebbi Eliezer not learn Machshirei Omer and Shtei ha'Lechem from a 'Mah Matzinu' from Lulav?

(b) Rebbi Eliezer learns that Machshirei Sucah over-rides Shabbos from a 'Gezeirah Shavah' ("Shiv'as Yamim" "Shiv'as Yamim") from Lulav. Why can he not learn Machshirei Omer and Shtei ha'Lechem from a 'Mah Matzinu' from Sucah?

(c) He learns Machshirei Matzah from a 'Gezeirah Shavah' ("Chamishah-Asar" "Chamishah-Asar") from Sucah.
Why can he not learn the other cases from Matzah with a 'Mah Matzinu'?

(a) Rebbi Eliezer learns Machshirei Shofar from "*Yom* Teru'ah Yihyeh Lachem" (Pinchas). What do the Rabbanan learn from there?

(b) From where does Rebbi Eliezer learn that the Shofar must be blown by day and not by night?

(c) Why can he not learn that the Machshirin of the other Mitzvos over-ride Shabbos, from the Shofar of Rosh ha'Shanah or of Yovel?

(a) From where does Rebbi Eliezer learn that Machshirei Milah over-ride Shabbos?

(b) Why can he not learn the other Mitzvos from there?

Answers to questions
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