REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafShabbos 124
(a) 'Kol ha'Kelim Nitalin le'Tzorech ve'she'Lo le'Tzorech. Rebbi Nechemyah
Omer, Ein Nitalin Ela le'Tzorech'. What does 'she'Lo le'Tzorech' mean,
according to ...
(b) What does ...
- ... Rabah (or Abaye, according to the Rif and Rosh)?
- ... Rava?
... mean, according to Rebbi Nechemyah?
- ...'le'Tzorech Gufo'...
- ... 'le'Tzorech Mekomo ...
(a) According to Rabah, how will Rebbi Nechemyah permit the removal of
dirty dishes from the table on Shabbos?
(b) The Mishnah in Beitzah forbids using a block of wood on Yom-Tov (even
though it is fit to use as fire-wood), to support a pot or a door.
(c) Why is it not permitted on Shabbos itself, since even a 'Davar
she'Melachto le'Isur' is permitted 'le'Tzorech Gufo u'Mekomo'?
(a) The Mishnah in Beitzah permits lowering fruit through a sky-light from
the roof (where it is drying) on Yom-Tov (but not on Shabbos); another
Mishnah in Perek Rebbi Eliezer de'Milah - states 'Ein Bein Yom-Tov
le'Shabbos Ela Ochel Nefesh Bilevad. These two Mishnahs appear
contradictory. How does the Gemara refute the suggestion that the author
of the first Mishnah is Rebbi Yehoshua (who permits bringing up the second
animal after a mother and child fell into a pit - and he has Shechted the
first one), whereas the author of the second Mishnah, which forbids it, is
Answers to questions
(b) The Gemara concludes that in fact, the author of the first Mishnah is
Beis Hillel, and of the second Mishnah, Beis Shamai.
What is their
(c) Beis Shamai is stringent there with regard to the Melachah of carrying.
How do we know that they will also be stringent with regard to Muktzah
(Tiltul, which is only an Isur de'Rabbanan)?
(a) What did Rav say regarding a spade - that conforms with the opinion of
Rava (discussed earlier in the Sugya).
(b) However, it appears from his statement 'Bring a trap (or a beam) for
(Rav) Kahana to sit on', that he only permits a 'Davar she'Melachto
le'Isur' - 'le'Tzorech Gufo' and not 'le'Tzorech Mekomo' (not like Rava).
How does the Gemara therefore amend Rav's statement, to conform with Rava?
(c) The Gemara adds 'I Nami, Hasam me'Chamah le'Tzel Havah'.
this mean? How does this answer the Kashya?
(d) Why did Rava say to Rav Mari bar Rachel that anyone but for him was
permitted to move his furs?
(a) Why was a broom considered a 'Davar she'Melachto le'Isur'?
(b) What Din does a table-brush have in this regard?
(c) Rav forbade moving a broom out of the sun on Shabbos.
What did Rebbi
(a) According to the Tana Kama, a broken vessel may be moved, provided it
is for for some use or other.
What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(b) According to him, what would ...
... need to be fit for, in order to be permitted?
- ... a broken earthenware dish ...
- ... a broken glass dish ...
(a) The Gemara thought that our Mishnah speaks when the vessels broke
*before* Shabbos, but had they broken *on* Shabbos, they will both agree
that the broken pieces are not even Muktzah.
Why is that?
(b) The Gemara is forced to retract from this contention on the basis of
the Mishnah in Beitzah (in connection with Yom-Tov): 'Masikin be'Kelim,
ve'Ein Masikin be'Shivrei Kelim'. How do we know that the vessels there
broke on Yom-Tov? Why may one not then burn them?
(c) How does the Gemara finally explain Shmuel, who differentiates between
vessels that broke on Shabbos and vessels that broke on Erev Shabbos, and
how do we now explain the Machlokes between the Tana Kama and Rebbi Yehudah
in our Mishnah in that light?
(a) How do we reconcile the three Beraisos: 'Masikin be'Kelim, ve'Ein
Masikin be'Shivrei Kelim'; 'Ke'shem she'Masikin be'Kelim, Kach Masikin
be'Shivrei Kelim'; 'Ein Masikin Lo be'Kelim ve'Lo be'Shivrei Kelim'?
(b) When are bricks that remain from a building project, Muktzah?
(a) Why is a piece of clay in a courtyard not Muktzah?
(b) Shmuel holds that it is however, Muktzah in a Karmelis, since one does
not normally find vessels there to cover.
What does Rav Nachman say about
(c) And what does Rav Nachman say about a piece of clay in the street?
(d) Rava permits a piece of clay even in the street.
Why? What did he say
to the Rabbanan who shouted at his servant for picking up a piece of clay
in the street?
(a) If a barrel breaks, why do its pieces and its lid not become Muktzah?
Answers to questions
(b) What does 'Lo Yispos Mimenu Shever Lechasos Bah es ha'K'li' etc. mean?
(c) Is one permitted to retrieve the lid, if he threw it into the trash
- ... on Shabbos?
- ... before Shabbos?