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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shabbos 86


(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in ...
  1. ... Shmos - "Heyu Nechonim li'Sheloshes Yamim" (and what is the reason for this)?
  2. ... Bereishis - "Vayehi ba'Yom ha'Shelishi, bi'Heyosam Ko'avim" (and what is the reason for this)?
  3. ... Yeshayah - "Im Yihye Chato'echem ka'Shanim, ka'Sheleg Yalbinu"?
  4. ... Tehilim - "va'Tavo ka'Mayim Bekirbo, u'ka'Shemen be'Atzmosav"?
(b) What does the Tana mean by 'on the third day' - with regard to Matan Torah?

(c) Why does the Gemara say that the author of the Reisha of our Mishnah cannot be Rebbi Elazar ben Azarya?

(d) The author of the Seifa (that one may bathe the Milah on the third day) however, *is* Rebbi Elazar ben Azarya.
What are the Gemara's two ways of handling this apparent discrepancy?

(a) Rebbi Elazar ben Azarya declares the woman Tehorah on the third day, whether she exuded after *four* complete Onos, or after only *two*. What is an Onah?

(b) What is Rebbi Yishmael's opinion in this regard?

(c) What does Rebbi Akiva mean when he says 'Le'olam Chamishah'?

(a) How does the Gemara establish the Machlokes between Rebbi Elazar ben Azarya and Rebbi Yishmael?

(b) What is the problem with Rebbi Akiva's opinion?

(c) Why was it essential that Moshe instruct them to separate from their wives already in the morning - according to Rebbi Akiva - since Rav Huna has already stated 'Yisrael Kedoshim Hem, ve'Einam Meshamshim Mitoseihen ba'Yom'?
The Gemara answers this in two ways.
What are they?

Answers to questions



(a) How do we account for the fact that, since they Toveled on Friday night, they were still Tevulei Yom when the Torah was given?

(b) Was anyone in fact, a Tevul Yom when the Torah was given?

(c) 've'Litavlu Beini Shimshi, ve'Likablu Torah Beini Shimshi'?
What is the Gemara asking?

(d) What is the answer?

(a) Why did Moshe need to descend on Wendesday *morning* to tell them to separate from their wives, when he could just as well have descended on Wednesday *evening*, and intructed them *then* to separate?
They could then all have Toveled on Shabbos morning?

(b) According to the Rabbanan, a woman who exudes within *six* Onos is Temei'ah.
In that case, when did they make Perishah, and when did they Tovel?

(c) What is the Shiur Tum'ah of *a man* who exudes Zera?

(d) 've'Chol Beged ... Asher Yihye Alav Shichvas Zera - P'rat le'Shichvas Zera she'Hi Seruchah'.
Why must this Beraisa be speaking specifically about a woman?

(a) Why might the Zera of a Jew be Metamei even after three days, when it is exuded by a gentile woman?

(b) On the other hand, why might it make no difference (in spite of the fact that gentiles do not need to worry about the Mitzvos)?

(c) And why might it be that, even assuming that there is no difference between a gentile woman and a Jewish woman in this matter, the Zera of a Jew exuded from *an animal* is Metamei even after three days?

(a) What do we learn from the Hekeshim (all in Shmos) ...
  1. ... "ba'Yom *ha'Zeh* Ba'u Midbar Sinai" & "ha'Chodesh *ha'Zeh* Lachem Rosh Chodoshim"?
  2. ... "*Zachor es Yom* ha'Shabbos le'Kadsho" & "Vayomer Moshe el ha'Am, *Zachor es ha'Yom* ha'Zeh"?
(b) Then what is the basis of the Machlokes between Rebbi Yossi and the Tana Kama, as to whether the Torah was given on the sixth of Sivan or on the seventh?
Answers to questions
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