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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shabbos 70


(a) Why is it that by Shigegas Shabbos, one is only Chayav one Chatas for each *Shabbos* (and not for each Melachah), whereas by Shigegas Melachos, he is Chayav one Chatas for each *Melachah*?

(b) Why can the reason not be because, by the former, he withdraws from the Melachah at the mention of Shabbos, whereas by the latter, he withdraws at the mention of the Melachos.

(a) How does Shmuel learn Chiluk Melachos (that one is Chayav a separate Korban for each individual Melachah that one transgresses), from the Pasuk in Ki Sisa "Mechaleleha Mos Yumas"? What does this have to do with the Pasuk in Vayakhel "Kol ha'Oseh Bo Melachah, Yumas"?

(b) Since "Mechaleleha Mos Yumas" is referring to Shogeg, what does "Mos Yamus"mean? Since when is a Shogeg punishable by death?

(a) How are the thirty-nine Melachos hinted in "Eileh ha'Devarim" in the Parshah of Shabbos at the beginning of Vayakhel?

(b) How does Rebbi Nasan learn Chiluk Melachos from the Pasuk "Lo Seva'aru Esh" in Vayakhel?

(c) The Pasuk in Ki Sisa "be'Charish u'va'Katzir Tishbos" comes to teach us other things. Initially, Rebbi Nasan wanted to learn Chiluk Melachos from there.
Why did he discard that as a source? How did he then interpret this Pasuk - before introducing that of "Lo Seva'aru Esh"?

(d) Why does Shmuel decline to learn Chiluk Melachos from the same source as Rebbi Nasan?

(a) Rebbi Yossi Darshens the words "me'Achas me'Henah" in Vayikra.
What does he learn from ...
  1. ... the 'Mem' of "me'Achas"?
  2. ... the 'Mem' of "me'Henah"?
(b) What does he mean by ...
  1. ... 'Achas she'Hi Henah'?
  2. ... 'Henah she'Hi Achas'?
(c) Why does Shmuel decline to learn Chiluk Melachos from the same source as Rebbi Yossi?
Answers to questions



(a) Rava posed a Sha'aleh 'He'elam Zeh va'Zeh be'Yado, Mahu'. This is equivalent to 'Shagag ba'Zeh u'va'Zeh'.
What exactly is the Sha'aleh?

(b) Why is this not already established by our Mishnah: 'ha'Shochei'ach Ikar Shabbos, Eino Chayav Ela Chatas Achas'?

(c) Why can we not guage the answer by seeing whether he withdraws due to the mention of Shabbos, or to that of Melachos?

(d) The Gemara concludes 'Ela Lo Shena'.
Does this mean that he is Chayav *one* Chatas, or *thirty-nine*?

(a) The Chidush of the Mishnah 'Avos Melachos Arba'im Chaser Achas' is established by someone who transgressed all thirty-nine Melachos in one He'elam (meaning Shigegas Shabbos and Shigegas Melachos - Rava's Sha'aleh).
How does that appear to clash with what we just said above in 5d?

(b) Why is this problem confined to Resh Lakish, who holds that one must be a Shogeg by the La'av as well by the Kares? Why is it not difficult according to Rebbi Yochanan?

(c) How does the Gemara resolve the problem?

(a) After reaping and grinding twice, first be'Shigegas Shabbos and Zadon Melachos, and then be'Zadon Shabbos ve'Shigegas Melachos, he became aware, first of the first set of Melachos and then of the second.
How many Chata'os is he obligated to bring?

(b) If he became aware first of the Zadon Shabbos and Shigegas Melachos, and then vice-versa, which of the four transgression is called Gereirah, which is called Gereirah li'Gereirah and which does not even require the Din of Gereirah to be permitted - and why not?

Answers to questions
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