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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shabbos 68


(a) What suggestion does the Gemara initially offer to explain the expression 'K'lal Gadol'?

(b) What is the problem with this suggestion, from Ma'aser?

(c) How does the Gemara then attempt to interpret 'Klal Gadol', and to explain why that term is not used by Ma'aser?

(d) The Mishnah *does* however, mention K'lal Gadol by Shevi'is, because there *are* also Avos and Toldos by Shevi'is.
What are the four Avos by Shevi'is?

(a) How does the Gemara explain 'Klal Gadol' according to Bar Kapara, in whose opinion the Tana *does* write K'lal Gadol by Ma'aser?

(b) According to him, why does the Mishnah write Klal Gadol ...

  1. ... by Shabbos?
  2. ... by Shevi'is?
  3. ... by Ma'aser?
(c) We have established that Ma'aser does not require 'Lekitaso ke'Achas' or 'Machniso le'Kiyum' - like Pei'ah does. Also dyes (which are not 'Ochel') and Hefker (which is not 'Nishmar') are Patur by Pei'ah. Are they also Patur by Ma'aser?

(d) Why did Chazal differentiate, in the Din of Ma'aser, between the former two and the latter two?

(a) How do Rav and Shmuel establish the first case (ha'Shochei'ach Ikar Shabbos) in our Mishnah?

(b) How do they explain the expression 'Kol ha'Shochei'ach Ikar Shabbos'?

(c) What does the Gemara ask on Rav and Shmuel from the second case: 'ha'Yodei'a Ikar Shabbos, ve'Asah Melachos Harbeh be'Shabbasos Harbeh, Chayav Al Kol Shabbos ve'Shabbos'?

(d) What is the answer to this Kashya?

Answers to questions



(a) Now that Rav and Shmuel have explained 'ha'Yodei'a Ikar Shabbos' to mean that he completely forgot that Shabbos exists, what causes the Gemara to deduce that, had he not forgotten that Shabbos exists, he would be Chayav for each Melachah, and not only for each Shabbos?

(b) What is then the problem with the Seifa of the Mishnah 'ha'Yodei'a Ikar Shabbos, ve'Asa Melachos Harbeh be'Shabbasos Harbeh, Chayav Al Kol Melachah u'Melachah'?

(c) How does the Gemara therefore *now* re-learn Rav and Shmuel, and how does it explain the Reisha of our Mishnah?

(d) Why does the Mishnah mention the case of 'Hikir ve'li'be'Sof Shachach, and not that of a 'Tinok she'Nishbah' - since the Din is the same in both cases?

(a) According to Rebbi Yochanan and Resh Lakish, the Mishnah mentions the case of 'Hikir ve'li'be'Sof Shachach' exclusively.
What will the Din be by a Tinok she'Nishbah, and why?

(b) What do Rebbi Yochanan and Resh Lakish do with the Beraisa, in which Rebbi Akiva specifically supports Rav and Shmuel, when he obligates a Tinok she'Nishbah to bring a Korban Chatas?

(a) How many Chata'os will a Tinok ha'Nishbah have to bring when Moshiach comes (two opinions)?

(b) How about a Ger she'Nisgayer le'Bein ha'Nochrim?

(a) How does Munbaz initially learn every Shogeg from 'Shevu'as ha'Eidus'?

(b) How does Rebbi Akiva refute that Limud?

(c) Munbaz eventually learns his Din from a Hekesh.
Which Hekesh?

(d) What do the Rabbanan (Rebbi Akiva) learn from that Hekesh?

Answers to questions
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